Health

What is postmenopause in women and what are its symptoms

Few people know about the postmenopause process, what is it?

Each stage of a woman’s life is beautiful in its own way: here we have a little girl with huge bows, a little later - a young girl, a young charming woman and a mature, stylish and beautiful, captivating the eyes of men.

More recently, with the end of the reproductive period for a woman, youth was over, and all good things remained in the past. In the modern world, everything is completely different. With the cessation of menstruation and the onset of postmenopause, it is time to live for yourself. Postmenopause and old age share at least thirty years of life. Knowledge of the changes in the body and the achievements of modern medicine and cosmetology will help them live happily.

Few people know about the postmenopause process, what is it?

Each stage of a woman’s life is beautiful in its own way: here we have a little girl with huge bows, a little later - a young girl, a young charming woman and a mature, stylish and beautiful, captivating the eyes of men.

More recently, with the end of the reproductive period for a woman, youth was over, and all good things remained in the past. In the modern world, everything is completely different. With the cessation of menstruation and the onset of postmenopause, it is time to live for yourself. Postmenopause and old age share at least thirty years of life. Knowledge of the changes in the body and the achievements of modern medicine and cosmetology will help them live happily.

What is postmenopause?

What it is? This lack of menstruation for twelve months or more. The duration of postmenopause is an average of thirty years. During this period, irreversible changes occur in the urogenital system, the frequency and duration of diseases associated with estrogen deficiency in the body increases. There is the highest incidence of cancer.

In the first few years, single follicles are still found in the ovaries. The level of estrogen decreases, the concentration of FSH and LH increases. Later their level decreases. In small quantities, the ovaries continue to synthesize only androgens.

The age at which postmenopause occurs depends on several factors:

  • heredity,
  • in southern women, due to the abundance of the sun, the childbearing period lasts longer,
  • stress, overwork, hard physical work bring postmenopause closer,
  • women who are happily married and sexually active fade much later.

Postmenopause is an absolutely natural process of extinction, because over time the ovaries deplete their resources. This is the final level of development of the female body. But this is far from the end of life!

Diagnostic signs

The main feature of postmenopause is a significant decrease in the level of female sex hormones. Laboratory studies conducted during this period, will definitely show the onset of postmenopause. Key features:

  1. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), the main conductor of the female body, is secreted in the brain and gives the order for the maturation of the egg. During this period, estrogens are produced in significantly smaller quantities, since the stock of follicles is exhausted, which inevitably leads to a sharp increase in the level of FSH (more than 20 mU / ml).
  2. Normal levels of estradiol should be greater than 35 pmol / L. Postmenopausal disease is much lower than normal.
  3. Luteinizing hormone (DG) is a hormone of the corpus luteum, a sharp rise in which leads to ovulation. Normally, it should be from 14.20 to 52.30 mU / ml. In the postmenopausal period, PH is constantly elevated, as it requires the release of a mature egg, but it does not. The results of these tests will help prescribe the only correct treatment and eliminate unpleasant symptoms.

Additional medical examinations will tell in detail about the damage already done to the woman’s health:

  • general blood analysis,
  • hysteroscopy
  • ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs,
  • osteodensitometry (bone density is examined),
  • cytological examination of the cervical mucosa.

Symptoms of the onset of postmenopause

The causes of postmenopausal symptoms are due to acute estrogen deficiency in the body:

  1. Dry mucous membranes.
  2. Atherosclerosis of the vessels progresses, arterial hypertension occurs.
  3. The risk of heart attacks and strokes increases.
  4. Bones become fragile, osteoporosis develops.
  5. Increased weight.
  6. Mood is unstable.
  7. Disturb tides.
  8. Sweating
  9. Sexual attraction is reduced.
  10. The mammary glands lose their shape, flabbiness appears.
  11. Hair loses its former beauty, grow dull and become rare.
  12. The skin loses its elasticity, wrinkles and dryness appear.
  13. Violation of the bladder. Cystitis and urethritis develop.
  14. Collagen synthesis is impaired, which affects the appearance of the skin and the work of internal organs.
  15. Insomnia.
  16. Particular attention should be paid to the selection: they should be like a decoction of rice, without unpleasant odors and in small quantities.

In a quarter of women, postmenopause is very difficult because of the strong manifestation of all the above symptoms, and the long-term estrogen deficiency provokes the development of Alzheimer's disease.

Treatment by regulating sex hormones

For the treatment of postmenopausal disorders, it is first necessary to compensate for the lack of female sex hormones. Timely visits to the gynecologist-endocrinologist will prevent the occurrence and development of serious pathologies and diseases. He will prescribe the necessary drugs that will relieve from many problems.

Treatment, as a rule, is aimed at the general improvement of the body, replenishing the deficiency of vitamins and minerals and at increasing the level of estrogen and includes the following techniques:

  • additional intake of vitamins B, A and E,
  • diet therapy
  • herbal medicine with the use of herbs,
  • physiotherapy (electrophoresis, physical therapy, essential oils, acupuncture, spa treatment).

Careful attention should be paid to the level of calcium in the body, as it is an element that is difficult to digest, and its deficiency leads to the rapid development of osteoporosis. This is especially important for women of fragile physique. Food with sufficient calcium content will help prevent a dangerous disease: processed cheeses, cheese, almonds, mustard, cottage cheese, cream, peas, beans, walnuts and hazelnuts, barley and oatmeal. Vitamin D, magnesium and vitamin C promotes calcium absorption. Therefore, the content of these elements in vitamin-mineral complexes intended for postmenopausal women is preferable. Symptoms of calcium deficiency in the body are:

  • increased nervous irritability,
  • brittle nails
  • numbness of the limbs
  • high blood pressure
  • cardiopalmus.

The most effective drugs that help replenish calcium deficiency in the body: Multi-tabs Calcium D3 forte, Vitrum Calcium with Vitamin D, Calcium D3 Nicomed. Hormone replacement therapy, thanks to the achievements of modern medicine, is the only available way to compensate for the lack of estrogen in a woman’s body. It is widely used only in the last 20 years and is aimed:

  • to eliminate the symptoms of postmenopause,
  • prevention of diseases associated with estrogen deficiency.

The choice of the most suitable drug is made individually, depending on the severity of symptoms and the health status of the woman. Modern medicine has drugs that have a positive effect on the female body is much higher than the risk of side effects. They significantly improve the quality of life and preserve health.

Popular Medications

The most popular are drugs that contain phytoestrogens. They act like the “native” hormones of a woman, but weaker. Their action has an antiandrogenic effect. Drugs containing phyto analogues of estrogen:

All of the above drugs are composed of extracts of tsimifuga (black cohosh) or red clover and hops, prutnyak.

Sunflower seeds, flax, all legumes, licorice, carrots and their tops are rich in phytoestrogens. The most studied at the moment are phytoestrogens contained in soybeans. The influence of soy products on the hormonal background of women is devoted to a lot of scientific research, the results of which at the experimental level demonstrated that a diet enriched with similar products and soy extracts affect women's health only positively. The drug, created on the basis of soybean phytohormones, is Inoklym.

Estrogens in optimal dosage preserve and maintain the natural beauty of women. Estrogen-containing products are made in the form of gels (divigel, estrogel), patches (climara, menorest), tablets, subcutaneous implants, ampoules for injection, intrauterine devices, vaginal creams. Tablets are mono-, two - and three-phase. Neural methods of introducing hormones are considered safer, since in this case there is no additional load on the liver.

In postmenopausal women, it is usually prescribed to continuously take hormone replacement therapy pills.

Hormone replacement therapy is such an intensive effect on the female body with small doses of estrogen, which completely eliminates the unpleasant symptoms of postmenopause, and with prolonged use (5 years or more), the occurrence of diseases caused by estrogen deficiency is prevented.

In Russia, femoston is often prescribed. This drug contains small doses of estrogen and didrogesteron. Also popular are trisequens, divin, ovestin, dermestil, divisek, klimara, klymen. For postmenopausal uterus patients, monophasic drugs containing only estrogen (premarin, proginova, estrofem) are prescribed. Hormone replacement therapy has side effects. The body of each woman is unique and unique, and therefore the reactions to hormones will be different. Absolute contraindications for hormone replacement therapy are:

  • genetic predisposition to the appearance of estrogen-dependent tumors,
  • melanoma of the skin,
  • propensity to form blood clots,
  • bleeding from the genital tract of unexplained nature,
  • kidney and liver failure
  • severe diabetes.

There is such a thing as a window of therapeutic opportunities. In accordance with this, hormone replacement therapy is prescribed when the first symptoms of ovarian function decline. This allows you to achieve the maximum preventive effect. Modern developments in the field of hormone therapy completely refute the myth "postmenopause - this old age has come."

For the modern woman this is just a new period of life, and perhaps the happiest.

The best way to deal with the symptoms of postmenopause will be a lifestyle change. Proper nutrition, regular exercise and the absence of bad habits will help to achieve stable, though not immediate results.

Prevent adverse changes in appearance, in particular, changes in the soft tissues of the face, will help a visit to the beautician.

The face is not easy skin, it is a multi-level structure with rather complex interactions. A cosmetologist will help you choose the best facial care program. Modern anti-aging cosmetic products, rejuvenating and preserving the natural feminine beauty, made from natural raw materials. They are hypoallergenic, highly penetrating compounds. Individually selected professional cosmetics truly work wonders!

Summing up

Do not be afraid of the onset of this period. What is postmenopause? This is just a qualitatively new stage in the life of a woman, but not old age. A healthy lifestyle and the complete absence of bad habits in combination with the achievements of modern medicine will help to preserve and significantly improve the quality of life during menopause. The natural feminine beauty will help to preserve and increase competent facial care for a long time.

The concept of postmenopausal - what is it?

Postmenopause is a period of time in a woman’s life, starting from the end of her last menstrual cycle to the end of her life. This is the final stage of menopause - extinction of the reproductive function. The age of the onset of this period is different for all women and depends on many factors, for some women postmenopause begins at the age of 40, for others only at 55. One way or another, any woman sooner or later faces this.

The main cause of postmenopause is changes in the reproductive system. The amount of hormones produced by the pituitary, adrenal glands and ovaries is decreasing. The resources of the body are depleted and there is a lack of necessary substances. This is especially true for the ovaries.

The most important hormone in the body of a woman - estradiol, ceases to be produced, as well as progesterone. This leads to an increase in the concentration of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH). And as a result of such changes, it becomes impossible to update the mucous membrane of the uterus. Menstruation is becoming less and less, and at some point it stops altogether.

Symptoms and signs

Symptoms of postmenopause, something similar to the symptoms of menopause, only slightly weakened. There are many symptoms that are associated with changes in hormones that have a strong effect on the human body. These signs are:

  • Weight gain It all depends on the hormone estrogen, as it becomes less, the body tries to replenish it. Therefore, even if the diet and rhythm of a woman’s life do not change, more fat is deposited. After all, adipose tissue, in addition to the ovaries, is capable of producing estrogens.
  • Urinary retention This symptom may also be due to postmenopausal women. The reason is all the same decrease in estrogen. This hormone keeps the bladder wall in a tone, making them more elastic. Due to a decrease in the hormone, they lose their elasticity and weaken.
  • Discomfort in the vagina. The contraction of the collagen protein that makes up the cervix and vagina makes the genital membrane dry. The vagina loses its former tone, and its walls can sink. All this causes discomfort.
  • Insomnia and mood swings. Usually they appear at the beginning of the menopausal period and persist over time. In the postmenopausal period in women, these symptoms become less pronounced. However, irritability, sensitivity, mood swings can remain.
  • Tides A state when blood rushes to the face, neck, hands. There is a feeling of heat. On average, it does not last more than 2-5 minutes.
  • Bone loss of previous strength. A physical injury that would have ended in a minor injury could lead to a fracture. This is due to calcium deficiency, which appears due to problems with its absorption.

These are the main symptoms and signs that appear in postmenopausal women. It is important to be able to interpret them, not to worry, and to take control of this natural process. Postmenopausal period should not overshadow your life.

Allocations - what are they?

It is important to monitor the discharge with a long absence of menstruation. Changes in the genitals, make the vaginal microflora less protected before various infections. Due to changes in the work in the cervix, the volume of mucus is reduced.

Control and special attention given to secretions are very important. Clear mucous secretions resembling a decoction of rice, which cause no worries or odors, are the norm.

If the mucus is opaque and has an unpleasant smell, accompanied by pain or discomfort, this may be the cause of any disease. It is also important to follow due to various formations - polyps, which may appear due to the negative development of the endometrium.

At what age does it come and how long does it last?

As noted above, a woman’s age, when reproductive function is declining, can be quite different. Such symptoms are not too pronounced and may be signs of other diseases or stress. Postmenopausal medicine considers a period of time that begins with the end of the last menstruation, in the absence of them for a year or more.

The normal age for the onset of postmenopause is 45 years. It may occur at an earlier age due to genetic features or hormonal disruptions, but this is rarely the case. In some diseases, doctors are forced to artificially stop menstruation.

Postmenopause in women is the last step of the transition, which is preceded by menopause and premenopause. On average, the age of postmenopause is 51 years.

How long is postmenopause? - Until the end of life - this is the final stage.

Possible postmenopausal complications

Unfortunately, postmenopause can cause some damage to a woman's body, associated with all sorts of changes. Therefore, if a woman has no periods for a long time, then she needs to undergo examinations that will confirm the onset of postmenopause and prevent undesirable consequences.

These consequences include:

  • osteoporosis-leaching of calcium from the bones,
  • Cardiovascular diseases,
  • atherosclerosis-excessive deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels,
  • genital diseases,
  • impairment of hearing, vision, memory and other neurological diseases.

If you control your health, to observe the doctor, then all these consequences can be avoided. It is important to undergo inspections at least once every six months. Watch your pressure. To do mammography, ultrasound of the genitals. You can also conduct an independent breast examination, which will help identify the formation and various changes that will allow you to consult a doctor in time.

It is also recommended not to abuse bad habits, to lead a relatively active lifestyle - walk a lot, do physical exercises to keep muscles in shape.

Careful attitude to your health, consultation of doctors and following their advice will make the postmenopausal period easier. That will allow you to maintain your physiological and psychological health and prevent serious complications, ensuring even many years of happy life.

Maintaining the body

It is very important to understand that life after menopause is not over. A woman is not a machine for the production of children, so the reproductive function is not the only, though certainly important, task of a woman.

The advantages of this stage in the life of a woman, too. You can devote more time to yourself and change your life and the lives of others for the better. Health problems can be at any age, and all that is needed is to adhere to some rules that will allow you to cope with everything:

  • Food. It is best to eliminate fatty foods from your diet. It is harmful to the body absolutely at any age. Its reduction will not only improve your well-being, but also reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Give preference to fruits and vegetables, as well as fermented milk products. it will contribute to a significant improvement in your health,
  • Physical exercise. Active rest and slight physical exertion will only strengthen your body. Do not limit yourself because of the risk of fractures. Passive lifestyle, on the contrary, will only increase it. And walking, swimming, yoga, aerobics or gymnastics, will contribute to strengthening your muscles, ligaments, joints and bone tissue,
  • Sex. Sex with menopause is a great way to relieve tension at any age. Reducing negative emotions and getting pleasure will prolong both youth and improve psychological state.

There are also more specific methods that simplify the life of a woman in the postmenopausal period.

Hormone replacement therapy for menopause is a rather popular way of relieving postmenopausal symptoms abroad. Since almost all of the symptoms that occur at this stage in a woman’s life are due to hormonal disruption, namely the lack of estrogen, it is obtained through pharmacological preparations. It is this hormone that is the basis of this type of medicine. I also use progesterone, which inhibits the growth of the endometrium in the uterus.

Despite the distrust of this method, it is safe and simply fills the hormone natural for the woman's body. Numerous studies confirm its safety, and a huge number of myths, or have become no longer relevant due to the development of medicine, or completely sucked from the finger. In addition, this therapy prevents diseases such as Alzheimer and has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system.

Therefore, do not believe various fictions. Use what medicine gives at this stage of its development to alleviate the adverse symptoms of postmenopause. Before starting therapy, you should always consult a doctor.

Phytoestrogens

Phytoestrogens are a group of compounds of plant origin that are similar in composition to estradiol and, as a result, can cause estrogenic or anti-estrogenic effects.

These elements simply possess the properties of estrogen. But the effect of their use is very small. In the postmenopausal period, their use will have virtually no effect on a woman’s health. Therefore, the use of their use makes sense in very specific cases, in which it is best to help determine the doctor.

Folk remedies

  • Infusion Hypericum. Reduce the emotional manifestations and normalize the blood supply,
  • Ginseng decoction eliminates stress and fatigue,
  • Infusion of licorice stimulates its own estrogenic activity and contributes to the strengthening of bone tissue,
  • A decoction of sage gives a good sleep and will contribute to the restoration of heart rhythm.

Postmenopausal women will face absolutely every woman. The main thing to remember is that this process is natural and with the help of doctors, modern medicine, proper lifestyle and folk remedies, it can be greatly facilitated and easily survived. The main thing is not to lose heart and follow the advice of experts. This will save your health, and even for many years will allow you to enjoy life and give joy to others.