Life

Is a violation of the discharge from the chest before menstruation?

The mammary glands are a hormonally dependent organ. It reflects the general health of a woman. Breast cancer is one of the leading pathologies that can occur at absolutely different ages in the fair sex. Sometimes this ailment can begin with minor discharges from the mammary glands, they resemble colostrum in women, most often their number increases before menstruation, or the character changes to a bloody, yellow or brown secret. What is this liquid, what are the reasons for its appearance? When should I seek medical attention?

Read in this article.

Causes of

Discharge from the nipples can appear in women for absolutely different reasons and testify both to the normal course of the process and to the pathological one. Ideally, the appearance of any liquid is allowed only during pregnancy, and its production can begin already on the smallest terms and during the breastfeeding period. In all other cases, any discharge is a deviation from the norm.

Failure and pathological process can occur both at the level of the mammary glands and in the structures of the brain.

It is also allowed to have a secret in two cases:

  • on the eve of monthly 1 - 2 drops of clear liquid when pressing on the nipple,
  • at the time of strong sexual arousal, orgasm, when stimulating the areola area.

If any discharge from the mammary glands occurs, one should be examined and their organic nature should be excluded. Treatment is based on the cause.

Pregnancy

Most often, the selection appears in connection with the conception occurred. They can be transparent or have a light whitish hue. Independently, this fluid is rarely found, more often in the third trimester, but with pressure on the nipple it may appear even before the delay. This is exactly the case when “colostrum” is released before menstruation, the test is negative in most cases, since it shows a reliable result closer to 20-25 days after the intended fertilization.

Also, such a secret often occurs in women after abortion at any time, or in situations where the fetus stops developing. In the latter case, if the fading occurred in the third trimester, then after delivery the woman may have milk in a couple of days. In such situations, you should always prevent this by pre-prescribing drugs to suppress the production of prolactin, which is responsible for the production of milk.

Galactorrhea

Discharge from the nipples can also occur with increasing blood levels of prolactin in the absence of pregnancy. Similar conditions can be detected with microadenoma of the pituitary gland of the brain. Therefore, in most cases, it is recommended to perform a CT scan or MRI to eliminate this situation.

The pituitary microadenoma has dimensions of several millimeters and, as a rule, does not require any treatment. Exceptions are options when this kind of hyperprolactinemia causes infertility. Then you need to adjust the level with the help of drugs, for example, bromocriptine or cabergoline.

Hyperprolactinemia can also be functional. This can be observed in inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, with frequent use of methods of emergency contraception, with multiple abortions and miscarriages, etc. As a rule, after the rehabilitation of the body, all parameters return to normal, during the period of the month the colostrum ceases to be released.

Disruption of the thyroid gland also affects the function of the mammary glands and pituitary. Therefore, often with hypothyroidism, you can find a secret when pressing on the nipple.

Taking certain medications, such as the antidepressant amitriptyline, can disrupt the functioning of the pituitary gland, leading to functional hyperprolactinemia and the release of fluid from the nipples. In most cases, the condition is normalized some time after discontinuation of the drug.

Mastopathy

Mastopathy is a benign breast pathology that never leads to cancer on its own. Virtually every modern woman has indirect signs of such conditions, which are confirmed by a more in-depth examination, for example, ultrasound.

Mastopathy is a kind of “payback” for women for a poor lifestyle, alcohol abuse and smoking, regular intake of oral contraceptives, a small number of births and neglect of breastfeeding. In most cases, this pathology requires only regular examination, as this is the background for the development of other, malignant pathologies. Also appointed vitamin complexes and herbal remedies, for example, "Mastodinon", etc.

The most common type is fibrocystic mastopathy. In this case, the woman notes chest pains on the eve of menstruation, a significant increase in her size before critical days, seals of various sizes and shapes can be determined. Occasionally, secretions of a yellow, even greenish hue are noted, as is colostrum during menstruation or in front of them.

Characteristics of chest discharge

Before menstrual discharges from the mammary glands, they can appear for various reasons, connected both with the physiological state of the body and with the pathology.

Normally, lactation is a process associated with pregnancy and breastfeeding. Often women are concerned about the question: can colostrum stand out before menstruation, and is it a pathology? Such cases are common, and only in 15% of situations do they mean illness. Often the basis of such are the physiological state or a violation in the body.

Discharge from the nipples may appear before and after menstruation, during menstruation and into ovulation. The appearance of discharge from the breast during menstruation due to the work of hormones responsible for lactation, which stimulate the mammary glands to produce a secret. Depending on the factors of appearance of such a symptom, there are white, yellowish, mixed with blood, in the form of colostrum, in different quantities and different concentrations, with and without smell.

Patients are interested in whether colostrum can stand out before menstruation with pressure on the chest, or it happens spontaneously. It all depends on the work of the mammary glands, the concentration of prolactin in the body and the factors that provoked this symptom.

Conventionally, the causes of colostrum and milk secretion can be divided into pathological and non-pathological. A similar phenomenon occurs in the period of gestation, with galactorrhea and some pathologies.

During pregnancy

In the case of lactation, the milk production process is due to the natural female function of feeding the child. It starts with the beginning of pregnancy and continues for some time after the cessation of feeding. This mechanism is regulated by hormones such as estrogen, insulin, triiodothyronine, cortisol, somatotropin, oxytocin, and the most important in this chain is prolactin. Many of these substances are produced and regulated by the pituitary gland. From the moment of conception, he launches an enhanced production of prolactin, which is responsible for the formation of milk and colostrum, so often the expectant mother observes the appearance of secretions from the mammary glands during pregnancy. Especially noticeable sign before childbirth.

But even at very early stages it is possible to designate a few drops of milk from the breast, since from the moment of conception a sharp hormonal rearrangement occurs in the female body and the lactation mechanism starts. If the expectant mother does not yet know about her interesting position, she can detect the release of clear fluid from the mammary glands even before the intended menstruation. Not always at this time pregnancy tests give an accurate result. Therefore, the woman observes the secret of milk in front of the expected monthly periods, unaware of the conception held.

In the first trimester, independent milk production is not observed, it can be seen only after pressing the nipple. In the third trimester, this phenomenon often occurs spontaneously in the form of a few drops of thick colostrum.

Such discharge may occur after an abortion or miscarriage, because for some time the mammary glands can secrete a secret, due to the long-term recovery of hormonal levels.

Physiological causes

  1. Hormonal imbalance. It occurs due to improper lifestyle, stress, emotional and physical exertion, during menopause, and with frequent use of contraceptive hormones and emergency contraception.
  2. Medicines that adversely affect the state of the milky ducts and glands. These include drugs for the cardiovascular system, antidepressants, tranquilizers.
  3. Injuries. Any damage to the tissues, nerves, blood vessels of the breast can cause the secretion of milk secretion from the nipples.
  4. Disturbances in the pituitary gland. It is this part of the brain that is responsible for the synthesis of many hormones, so the slightest deviation in its work affects the state of the whole organism, including the production of prolactin, which produces breast milk.
  5. Imbalances in the endocrine system and disruption of the thyroid gland often lead to galactorrhea. Given the maximum concentration of estrogen in conjunction with this cause, discharge from the chest before menstruation is more likely to appear.
  6. Excessive use of herbs that stimulate lactation, such as anise, fennel, dill, cumin, in the presence of disorders in the pituitary gland, can cause the launch of lactation without pregnancy.
  7. Enhanced stimulation of the nipples during intercourse with strong arousal, calling to one of the above reasons, may be indicated by discharge from the chest.
  8. Renal failure leads to accumulation and an excessive amount of prolactin in the body, since it is the kidneys that are responsible for the utilization of this hormone.

In these situations, there is a selection of white or yellow, liquid or, more often, a thick consistency in the form of colostrum, without impurities and unpleasant odor.

When blood was detected in the discharge, they look like pus, they are accompanied by chest pain, markedly worsening of the general condition, they talk about the pathological nature of the symptoms.

Pathological discharge from the chest

It is not uncommon for a pathological transparent, white, yellow, green liquid, sometimes with bloody impurities, to leave the nipples. At the same time, there is pain in the breasts, irregular menstruation, compaction in the tissues.

These are obvious signs of illness, and in such cases, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Such symptoms indicate an inflammatory or infectious process in the thoracic region, the development of malignant and benign neoplasms and tumors.

Among the most common problems are the following:

  1. Mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary glands. According to statistics - the most frequent ailment affecting the female breast. It is divided into several categories: lactation, postpartum (associated with breastfeeding) and fibrocystic (has no connection with feeding and pregnancy). Pathology outside lactation occurs due to injuries, surgeries, overuse of hormonal drugs, frequent exposure, the presence of chronic foci of infection. Symptoms include breast lumps, engorgement of the mammary glands, discharge of purulent secretions from the nipples, general malaise, fever. With strong immunity, the body is able to cope with mastitis without much difficulty, you only need to receive proper treatment in time. If you ignore the disease there is the likelihood of serious consequences in the form of an abscess of nearby tissues.
  2. Fibroadenoma is a common benign breast tumor. The most frequent factors causing the disease are hormonal disorders. Often, the disease is asymptomatic for a long time, but in the acute stage, a slight amount of colorless liquid is released on the nipple.
  3. Ectasia (expansion) of the milk ducts is also indicated by white and yellow discharge from the breast. The shape of the nipple can change with the areola area, itching, burning and other discomfort in this area are observed.
  4. Intraductal papilloma is another type of tumor in the mammary glands. Accompanied by abundant secretions of white, yellow, green and brown color, the duration and number of which varies from a few drops to prolonged strong streams of pathological fluid. Breasts may ache locally with pressure.
  5. Breast cancer is the most dangerous pathology. The alleged causes of oncology are numerous: exposure to hormonal drugs, improper lifestyle, radiation exposure, heredity, degeneration of tumors, lack of childbirth, frequent abortions. In the initial stages, the disease is asymptomatic, but over time it takes the form of subcutaneous seals. In the later stages, blood discharge, weakness, malaise are observed. Such tumors are removed surgically.

Briefly about the main thing

Discharge from the chest - a fairly common symptom, which is indicated both before menstruation, and at any other time. This symptom is associated not only with pregnancy and the period of feeding the baby, but also occurs for several reasons, mainly related to the hormonal background and the increased content of prolactin in the body - a hormone responsible for the synthesis of milk.

There are also diseases, a symptom of which are discharge from the chest. Therefore, the question of whether colostrum can be released without pregnancy, experts give a positive answer, but it is advisable to make a diagnosis of this phenomenon.

Any change that occurs with the breast should be brought to the knowledge of the doctor.

As a mandatory prophylaxis, you should independently inspect the breast every month for changes. As well as a necessary condition in the life of a woman should be regular visits to the breast doctor, since many breast diseases are asymptomatic.

Milky duct ectasia

This pathology in most cases occurs in women in the premenopausal period and during menopause. Involutive changes in the mammary glands lead to the expansion of the interlobular ducts, in which the secret accumulates. Most often, women notice greenish, yellowish or brown discharge when pressing on the nipple. They are thick and sticky. Often the area of ​​the areola is painful, it may swell a little, sometimes itching. After examination and exclusion of another pathology, anti-inflammatory therapy is prescribed, if necessary, antibacterial as well as locally warm compresses. Sometimes you have to resort to surgical treatment.

Intraductal papilloma

This is a benign mammary gland tumor, its second name is papillary cystadenoma, cystadenopapilloma. It can occur absolutely at any age: both in the pubpertant period and in the premenopausal period. It happens in different sizes - from a few millimeters to a couple of centimeters, it is localized in the ducts, and more often in the final sinuses. As a rule, it appears as a regular discharge from light to dark brown. Sometimes it looks like colostrum after menstruation or on the eve of them. Intraductal papilloma is very easy to injure, then a secret appears with an admixture of blood.

Inflammation of the ducts and tissues of the breast can be not only during breastfeeding, but also outside it. In this case, the discharge may be light at first, subsequently acquiring a purulent character, sometimes with an unpleasant odor. The secret appears only from one breast, also local pain is noted in it, redness of the skin over the inflammation center is possible. Such conditions require surgical treatment, primarily conservative, and, if necessary, operational.

Often women do not pay enough attention to breast injuries. Often they can be the background for the development of malignant diseases. Depending on the nature of the injury, a hematoma can form in the chest, and after a while it can even become inflamed. At the same time, a secret can appear from the nipple of a different nature - from light transparent and yellow secretions during infection to heavy bleeding. In any case, you must seek medical attention.

Malignant tumors

The first thing that worries all women with any discharge from the mammary glands is whether it is cancer. This vigilance is understandable to everyone, but it is possible to finally say the reason for the occurrence of such states only after a full examination.

Any malignant neoplasm of the breast, including Paget’s cancer, can cause a nipple secretion. И задаваясь вопросом, может ли при месячных выделяться молозиво, и это свидетельствовать об онкологии, действительно такое может быть.

Если опухоли молочных желез можно не всегда обнаружить вовремя, то болезнь Педжета – визуальная локализация рака в области ареолы. At the same time, the skin in this area has eczema-like changes, ulcerations, various discharge from the nipples.

We recommend reading the article about breast ultrasound. From it you will learn about the possibility of carrying out the procedure on critical days, when it is best to go for a diagnosis, as well as about the method of breast examination.

Do I need to consult a doctor

Some women are interested in whether colostrum can be released before menstruation is normal, and whether it is always necessary to contact a specialist for examination. Only one out of ten breast excretions appear due to the malignant process. But sometimes frightening bloodstains can talk about benign pathology, and serous secrets talk about cancer. That is why in all cases you should immediately contact a mammologist, an oncologist, or even a general practitioner, and also be examined:

  • Breast ultrasound for women before menopause
  • in the period of menopause, the most informative mammography,
  • if papilloma is suspected - mammography with duct contrasting.

Also mandatory is a cytological examination of discharge from the nipples and a blood test for sex hormones (prolactin).

The number of malignant breast tumors is steadily increasing among the female population. One of the signs of cancer is the detection of any secretion with pressure on the nipple. Of course, in the case when a woman has a slim period and colostrum has appeared, it is first necessary to exclude pregnancy. In any doubtful situations, you should contact a mammologist for advice.

Causes of discharge from the mammary glands before menstruation

Finding discharge from the mammary glands before the approach of the menstrual cycle, it is advisable to contact a mammologist. Careful diagnosis will establish the cause of this phenomenon. However, you should not panic in advance. Often before menstruation, discharge from the chest, having a physiological character, is observed.

What is considered normal?

Often before the menstrual period a slight outflow of secretion may occur, provoked by the increased functionality of the hormonal system. So, whitish or transparent drops appear in women who have not given birth so far on the eve of menstruation. The reason sometimes becomes hormonal drugs.

The norm is prolonged discharge upon completion of natural feeding. The discomfort will pass by itself, if you do not subject the areola of the nipples to constant irritation. Also, transparent or whitish discharge from the mammary glands can appear in early pregnancy, when the woman herself does not yet know about conception.

In the case of a secret with an unpleasant smell, an uncharacteristic shade and texture, it is necessary to conduct an urgent examination.

Diagnosis of possible pathology

The earlier a woman visits the breast specialist, the sooner the cause of the discharge from the breast will be identified. Optional diagnosis will detect a serious illness. In recent years, doctors often face a panic fear of the development of an oncological process, which provokes the development of stress and the manifestation of "false" symptoms.

However, when visiting a mammologist, it is necessary to describe in detail the nature of the discharge from the breast and the clinical picture of the pathology in order to find out whether there can be a discharge from the mammary glands before menstrual symptoms of the disease. Among the questions that require an answer, the most common:

  • what is the color of the liquid
  • what is its consistency and quantity
  • how often breast discharge is observed,
  • drops appear from one breast or both,
  • fluid flows when you press on the chest or independently,
  • whether chest pains are present
  • where the pain is located
  • Is this condition related to breast injury?

In addition, the doctor is interested in what pharmacological preparations the patient is taking, and whether other symptoms appear: headaches, fever, general weakness.

After the initial examination, the doctor sends the woman to an instrumental examination, which includes such procedures as ductography, ultrasound, mammography, and laboratory analysis of a blood sample. If the reason for the release of fluid from the breast lies in the disease of another organ, treatment continues with the involvement of a narrow specialist in this area.

Depending on the diagnosis, the patient may be prescribed:

  • hormonal drugs
  • antibiotic drugs.

In some cases, you have to resort to surgical intervention.

What are the causes of discomfort?

The reason for discharge from the chest before menstruation may be several pathologies:

  • ectasia of the milk ducts,
  • intraductal papilloma,
  • galactorrhea,
  • mastitis,
  • fibroadenoma,
  • hormonal imbalance
  • hematoma:
  • breast cancer.

To prevent the progression of pathology, each disease should be considered separately.

Ectasia of the milk ducts

The disease develops as a result of the inflammatory process and leads to the filling of the ducts with a rather thick liquid of greenish or dark color. Most often, women who are over 50 years old are ill.

Pathology causes a change in the milk ducts, nipple suction, the appearance of characteristic seals. In initial form, antibiotic preparations and compresses can be used to treat. However, treatment mainly requires surgery.

Hormonal imbalance

Pathology is caused by a disturbance in the production of hormones, the cause of which may be a disease of the organs of the reproductive or endocrine system. As a rule, discharge before menstruation in this case is accompanied by painful sensations.

Often, hormonal imbalance becomes the cause of mastopathy. Treatment is prescribed depending on the cause of the failure in the production of hormones.

Fibroadenoma

This is a mobile benign tumor, resulting from the increased activity of sex hormones. Liquid may appear before menstruation or in the second half of the cycle. Color drops - from transparent to yellowish-green.

Women over the age of 30 suffer from the disease. If necessary, the tumor can be surgically removed. If the disease is accompanied by severe pain, prescribe sedatives or painkillers.

Even severe chest contusion can cause injury to the glands and the appearance of characteristic discharge. In the presence of hematoma is not excluded the development of the inflammatory process. Sometimes you have to contact the surgeons to get rid of the effects of the injury.

Malignant oncology is the most terrible disease a woman can face. One of the symptoms of Paget's cancer that affects the nipple is the release of fluid mixed with blood. Symptoms include flaking of the skin in the areola area, nipple deformity, itching.

Currently, many methods have been developed for the effective diagnosis of breast cancer at an early stage. Surgical treatment does not put an end to the patient's personal life, since with the help of plastics it is possible to restore the breast, giving it a rather attractive shape.

With the appearance of discharge from the nipple, it is necessary to find the cause of the phenomenon, in order not to regret the lost time. Modern medicine perfectly copes with the diseases listed above, especially with their early detection.

Is a violation of the discharge from the chest before menstruation?

Some women with the approach of menstruation and in the absence of pregnancy notice discharge from the mammary glands. Is this symptom normal? Experts believe that the discharge from the chest before menstruation can be both a physiological feature and a pathological sign. When you can not worry, and when you should contact a breast specialist is indicated in this article.

Before menstrual discharges from the mammary glands, they can appear for various reasons, connected both with the physiological state of the body and with the pathology.

Normally, lactation is a process associated with pregnancy and breastfeeding. Often women are concerned about the question: can colostrum stand out before menstruation, and is it a pathology? Such cases are common, and only in 15% of situations do they mean illness. Often the basis of such are the physiological state or a violation in the body.

Discharge from the nipples may appear before and after menstruation, during menstruation and into ovulation. The appearance of discharge from the breast during menstruation due to the work of hormones responsible for lactation, which stimulate the mammary glands to produce a secret. Depending on the factors of appearance of such a symptom, there are white, yellowish, mixed with blood, in the form of colostrum, in different quantities and different concentrations, with and without smell.

Patients are interested in whether colostrum can stand out before menstruation with pressure on the chest, or it happens spontaneously. It all depends on the work of the mammary glands, the concentration of prolactin in the body and the factors that provoked this symptom.

Conventionally, the causes of colostrum and milk secretion can be divided into pathological and non-pathological. A similar phenomenon occurs in the period of gestation, with galactorrhea and some pathologies.

Physiological discharge from the chest

In some cases, possible discharge from the chest after menstruation and in front of them, which is not considered a deviation.

The most common phenomenon is the involuntary release of milk in small quantities during lactation. At this time, the woman may have an excessive amount of milk, which is released between feedings.

In the late stages of pregnancy, before childbirth and in the first days after them, the mother's body prepares for the birth and feeding of the child. The mammary glands increase, swell, and a clear white liquid is released - colostrum.

After the lactation period has ended, and the menstrual cycle has resumed, it can be considered the norm, if a small amount of milk from the nipples is noted for a long time.

Some healthy women may have episodic discharge from the nipples 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation.

During nipple stimulation, orgasm, and sexual arousal, the milk ducts are reduced, and 1-2 drops of odorless, clear, liquid secretions may come out of the nipples. This is perfectly acceptable.

Pathological causes of discharge

If bleeding from the chest appeared or they became of another unusual color, they are accompanied by pain, an unpleasant smell, itching, then this means the presence of a pathological process.

Diseases that can lead to discharge from the chest include:

  • galactorrhea,
  • mastitis,
  • intraductal papilloma,
  • ectasia of the milk ducts,
  • mastopathy,
  • hormone imbalance
  • chest injuries
  • breast cancer.

The expansion of the milk ducts is most often associated with age-related changes in the breast. This disease is characterized by brown discharge from the nipples, and they are also yellow-greenish in color.

Ectasia of the uterine ducts

Changes in hormonal levels can cause an involution of the milk ducts. In most cases, ectasia occurs during menopause. Also, this pathology often develops at the premenopausal stage.

When pressing on the nipple of a woman suffering from this disease, there is a greenish or brownish liquid. It is sticky and thick. As the duct ectasia develops, the mammary glands swell strongly and begin to itch.

To relieve its symptoms, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy is prescribed. Availability complications of ectasia should be the reason for surgical treatment.

Diagnosis and treatment

If colostrum is extracted from the nipples, then you should immediately contact a breast specialist. The sooner a specialist diagnoses an ailment that provoked the manifestation of this symptom, the more likely it is to recover without the risk of complications.

It is important to know that when there is a tumor in the chest area, other symptoms of the disease appear, including pain with pressure.

First, the mammologist conducts a primary examination, then sends the woman to an instrumental examination. The main diagnostic measures:

A blood test is needed to study the level of sex hormones in the blood, in particular prolactin.

Antibiotics will be prescribed for treatment. If there are malignant neoplasms in the area of ​​the milk duct, the mammologist will prescribe medicines that have a resorbable property. He will also prescribe anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs.

As for a disease such as mastitis, in most cases an operation is performed to relieve its symptoms.

Breast Disease Prevention

The regular cycle is the main indicator of normal reproductive functioning. If for some reason there was a cyclical failure, then the woman will face a number of unpleasant consequences, including the appearance of colostrum from the breast before desquamation. To prevent this from happening, you should remember the observance of preventive measures:

  • breast palpation should be performed regularly. It is recommended to visit the mammologist at least 1 time in 2 years,
  • Only a gynecologist should choose birth control pills,
  • stress and depression should be the main enemies for women. Any mental stress is fraught with health problems, including cycling failure due to stress,
  • need to lead a healthy lifestyle. It is necessary to minimize bad habits, especially smoking,
  • need to follow the figure. Excess weight is the main provocateur of ectasia.

One of the indicators of women's health is the regular monthly cycle. If before the beginning of menstruation colostrum began to stand out from the chest without pain and skin changes, this may be due to physiological factors. In this case, the correction of lifestyle will stop the symptom. However, do not forget about the risk of developing a serious illness. It is necessary to regularly inspect a specialist.

Reasons for the release of colostrum before menstruation

Discharge from the chest before the onset of menstruation does not always indicate pregnancy or the presence of any irregularities. Often this phenomenon has a physiological nature and is associated with the individual characteristics of the functioning of the hormonal system of the female body. However, in some cases, the secretion of secretion from the mammary glands may indicate the development of pathological changes.

Colostrum before menstruation

Usually, colostrum appears immediately after childbirth, and sometimes it happens in women during pregnancy. In the first trimester, the breasts are already prepared for lactation and such secretions are quite natural. However, what to think if the pregnancy test is negative, and the woman notes the appearance of colostrum before menstruation?

Sometimes this indicates a change in hormonal balance. Sometimes it is provoked by taking birth control pills. If you notice that you have no apparent reason (no pregnancy), colostrum has appeared before menstruation, it is advisable to donate blood to check the level of the hormone prolactin. This will help with the installation of the causes of the phenomenon.

Why is colostrum still released from the breast?

If you are not pregnant, and colostrum is released from your chest during menstruation (during, before, after menstruation), this is probably due to one of the diseases of the mammary glands. But before you think about it, eliminate all natural causes. Sometimes colostrum is released several years after the end of breastfeeding. Or you are pregnant, just the term is still so small that the test does not show it.

If this is not the case, then you need to look for diseases of the chest - inflammatory, dishormonal nature. Or it can mean the presence of tumors - both benign and malignant.

So, the reasons for the selection of colostrum:

  • hormonal imbalance - this increases the risk of developing the pathology of the mammary glands and a breast seal is found in a woman, for example, mastopathy,
  • Mastitis - it starts with infection and pain, then lumps appear in the chest, which eventually become purulent. This pus can be excreted from the nipple. This condition is treated with antibacterial drugs and surgery, during which pus is cleaned,
  • benign tumor (fibroadenoma) - formed due to the increased activity of sex hormones. This mobile tumor is surgically removed,
  • intraductal papilloma - another type of benign tumor, which is manifested by discharge from the chest, having a different color and texture. The reason is a hormonal imbalance. It is treated with the help of minimally invasive surgeries and hormonal preparations,
  • ectasia of the ducts - closer to 50 years for women may change the shape of the ducts. This is accompanied by seals, nipple indentation, the appearance of yellow, green and black discharge. The condition requires surgery,
  • inflammation due to hematoma. Sometimes you have to resort to operating the gland.

Natural causes of colostrum production:

  1. Colostrum can stand out a few more years after the end of breastfeeding.
  2. Женщина может быть беременная на маленьком сроке и тест не определил этого.

Если все вышеперечисленные причины не подходят, значить речь идет о заболевании воспалительного характера или даже об опухоли (злокачественной или доброкачественной).

Breast discharge during pregnancy - colostrum or a symptom of breast disease

To discharge from the mammary glands include any liquid, except breast milk, released from one or both nipples. Discharge can manifest itself or occur when pressing on the chest (decanting). They can also vary significantly in color (milky, greenish, brown, bloody) and consistency (thick, liquid).

InformationBreast excretions during pregnancy may be a physiological condition. (release of colostrum) or a sign of disease. requiring treatment. At the first signs of the appearance of discharge, you should inform the doctor, who is observing the pregnancy, and, if necessary, consult with the doctor-mammologist.

Colostrum during pregnancy

What is colostrum and how does it look? It is a sweetish taste, yellowish liquid, watery in structure. It usually begins to stand out immediately after birth, but it may appear earlier - in the second trimester of pregnancy, most often from the 19th week.

At first, the colostrum is yellow and thick, closer to the childbirth becomes discolored and becomes more liquid. Colostrum has a rather interesting chemical composition: it is even more caloric than the milk of a nursing mother, and contains substances such as fats, proteins, milk balls, specific colostrum bodies, vitamins A, E, C, B, minerals. Such milky discharge during pregnancy is not a cause for concern. They are triggered by the hormone prolactin, which is responsible for the release of milk.

Hormonal changes in the body of a pregnant woman are so violent that the prototype of milk - colostrum - begins to appear "in advance." Stimulate the production of colostrum can breast mass or its active stimulation during intercourse.

During pregnancy, glandular tissue expands, which is a necessary measure in preparation for lactation. Just below the middle of the breast is the nipple, surrounded by darker skin. Nipples and okolososkovye space in young women and girls pale pink, and giving birth to a dark brown color. The inflorescent alveoli and nipples are covered with very vulnerable skin, which is especially important to consider during pregnancy and during breastfeeding (the risk of nipple cracking and infection is high).

Not pregnant, but colostrum is released - is it possible?

Milk discharge from the breast can be even up to two years after the cessation of feeding the baby. According to the degree of manifestation, secretions occur when pressing on the nipple and spontaneous (1-2 drops or intense).

White discharge from the chest may be due to galactorrhea. This disorder occurs under the action of the hormone prolactin, which is responsible in the female body for the formation of milk. If the woman does not feed, then the doctor prescribes blood tests for hormone levels. Increased production of prolactin or its related thyrotropic hormone (TSH) may be due to disorders in the pituitary gland.

It is important to remember that any excess manifestations - a strange color, smell and an excessive amount of discharge from the chest - require you to discuss it at a consultation with a mammologist.

Especially forberemennost.net - Elena Kichak

Menstruation or pregnancy

Once fertilization has occurred in a woman’s body, the menstrual cycle is suspended until the baby is born.

However, in some cases, women still bleed for a few more months. It is difficult to call this discharge a complete menstruation. They are not large, brownish or reddish. In fact, the fertilized egg is introduced into the walls of the uterus, as a result of which minor gaps can form with bloody secretions. They may appear once, and may occur periodically, the shelf of the fetus will not reach a certain size. Such discharge menstruation can not be called, and their appearance is a reason for a visit to the doctor.

Major signs before menstruation

Discomfort associated with the onset of menstruation can be very individual. However, the most common signs of menstruation are as follows:

  • pain in the lower back, abdomen, chest,
  • depressed mood, combined with sleep disorders,
  • headaches.

If you compare the symptoms of menstruation with the first signs of pregnancy, you can come to the conclusion that they are very similar. In the early stages of pregnancy, a woman can be drowsy, irritable, with sudden mood swings. To understand the manifestations of the body, you need to learn to listen to yourself, feel the changes.

Watch for a few months. If the symptoms are before menstruation - headache and aching in the back, then it is likely that with the onset of pregnancy, these signs will not bother you. If, on the contrary, the signs of the onset of menstruation are unknown to you, then it can be said with sufficient confidence that the pregnancy has occurred, if you suffer from migraines, excessive irritability, and mood swings.

Temperature changes may also indicate a change in state. A woman's temperature rises by several degrees during ovulation. If she returned to a permanent indicator, then it is worth preparing for the onset of menstruation. If the temperature bar froze at a higher rate, then we can talk about the onset of pregnancy. However, in this method there is an error in the individual characteristics. In order to speak with confidence about normal or elevated temperature, it needs to be measured daily for several months in order to have a picture of changes in body temperature over a certain period.

Symptoms of pregnancy

In addition to the delay of menstruation, pregnancy can manifest itself and a number of other symptoms:

  • Constant fatigue can be caused by hormonal changes in the body, which are the first signs of conception.
  • The reaction of the chest may become aggravated. All touches to her turn into painful, sometimes there is an increase in volume.
  • Spasms, abdominal pain, which happens before menstruation, can be one of the signs of pregnancy before a delay.
  • Small vaginal discharge, which is a sign of attachment of the egg to the uterus.
  • Nausea can occur along with a delay of menstruation and quickly enough to go through or accompany a woman during the entire pregnancy.
  • Constant urge to urinate associated with a gradual increase in blood in the body, as well as other fluids that support the life of the mother and the future baby. The longer the period of pregnancy, the more often you have to go to the toilet. However, do not confuse this symptom with the possible manifestation of inflammatory diseases, such as cystitis.
  • Crashes in the schedule. If earlier menstruation appeared on a clearly marked day, and now even after PMS there are no monthly periods, then fertilization may have occurred.
  • Susceptibility to odors refers to the early signs of pregnancy and is caused by a sharp increase in the level of estrogen in the blood.
  • Increasing the temperature by several divisions can tell a lot, but for this you will have to keep a temperature log.
  • Positive answer test. Pharmacy tests rarely can determine the pregnancy earlier than the delay of menstruation. If you notice other signs of pregnancy, and the test shows a negative result, it is worth repeating the study after a few days.

What a woman should always pay attention to.

Toxicosis in the first months of pregnancy is not all, and one pregnancy can be very different from another. However, in some cases, women notice the appearance of irritating odors, a feeling of rejection of specific products, or, conversely, strange taste preferences. which was not previously observed. Any of these symptoms may indicate a pregnancy.

It is already clear that the symptoms of menstruation and pregnancy are extremely similar. However, feeling unusual pain in the lower abdomen, it is worth contacting a specialist for advice.

A slight increase in temperature can prompt a woman about the onset of pregnancy or the appearance of a slow-moving inflammatory process.

Scanty regulations: if earlier you didn’t notice the appearance of scanty menstrual periods, and during the cycle you had unprotected sexual intercourses, then you should consult a gynecologist, since scanty bleeding may become a sign of ectopic pregnancy.

Breast tenderness, an increase in volume and swelling may indicate both menstruation and pregnancy. The appearance of colostrum, released from the nipples, will be inclined to the diagnosis in favor of the latter. However, chest pain in a specific area, combined with discharge from the nipples, while pregnancy is excluded, is a reason for an urgent appeal to a mammologist, since such symptoms can speak about oncology.

All of the above has one big amendment: each organism has its own individuality. If you cannot determine exactly what signs are bothering you, buy a pharmacy test. If you have a delay on schedule, and you allow for pregnancy, you can contact a gynecologist, who will examine you, prescribe appropriate tests. However, in most cases, a woman intuitively determines the presence of a pregnancy better than any tests and tests.

Signs of pregnancy or premenstrual syndrome?

In anticipation of menstruation, many women may experience discomfort in the breast area: breast enlargement, particular sensitivity and tenderness of the breast, darkening of the nipples, and when you press on the nipple, a yellowish sticky fluid - colostrum. What is the difference between pregnancy and premenstrual state? Colostrum before menstruation is an early sign of pregnancy that appears a week after conception.

Inside each lobule of the mammary gland there is a duct opening in the nipple area. Hormones in the placenta and pituitary promote the formation of milk, although these signs are not enough to determine pregnancy. There are changes in other genitals: the thickening of the fallopian tubes, the ovaries soften and grow, the walls of the vagina become loose and elastic under the influence of intensive blood supply, the mucous membrane becomes bluish.

Possible diseases of the breast

If you exclude the natural causes of discharge from the chest, then you can still consider some types of diseases of the chest: inflammatory, dyshormonal, and also, benign or malignant types of tumors.

  1. When hormonal imbalance increases the likelihood of developing the pathology of the breast, and regardless of her type, a woman has all the same pain symptoms with a lump in the breast, for example, mastitis.
  2. Mastitis begins with infection and pain, then seals form, which, when ignored, turn into purulent. Treatment of mastitis is made with the help of antibacterial drugs, cleansing the glands from pus by operating.
  3. Fibroadenoma is a type of benign tumor that is formed due to increased activity of sex hormones. This is a mobile tumor, which is removed by surgery.
  4. Intraductal papilloma is a benign tumor, manifested by secretions from the nipples of different color and texture due to hormonal imbalance. Minimally invasive surgical techniques are prescribed, followed by hormonal correction.
  5. Ectasia of the ducts - a change in the shape of the milk ducts, which often happens in women aged closer to 50 years. Its symptoms are: compaction, nipple suction, yellow, green and black discharge from the nipple. The treatment of ectasia is surgical.
  6. In a hematoma, as a result of injury, an inflammatory process may begin, in which sometimes breast surgery is prescribed.

Lifestyle, poor heredity, unfavorable ecological situation and medication can provoke many diseases, and without exact reasons it is difficult to navigate the development of the disease. But to prevent the undesirable consequences of the disease remains in our power.

Isolation of colostrum during the ICP period

For several days, and even a week before menstruation, many female representatives notice discomfort in the mammary glands. The chest increases, becomes more elastic, there is increased sensitivity, sometimes even soreness. From the mammary glands may begin to stand out sticky yellowish liquid - colostrum. But there is one important moment. Colostrum may appear before menstruation with hormonal disorders or as a signal of diseases of the mammary glands. In this case, it is important to immediately consult a doctor.

In early pregnancy, this is a natural change, which indicates that the woman's body begins preparing for breastfeeding the future baby.

Milky Way Ectasia

With this disease, the milk ducts are rapidly and extensively expanded, which is accompanied by an inflammatory process. The liquid released from the breast does not look like colostrum at all. It is thick and brown in color. Most often, ectasia of the milky ways appears in women of climax age. Treatment is prescribed strictly by a doctor.

Malignant tumors

With the formation of a malignant tumor, there is no difference in distinguishing characteristic secretions from colostrum. They are always dark in color and at the same time the nipple is retracting. The chest becomes inflamed and unhealthy. In the armpits, the lymph nodes are enlarged and sore. The disease requires immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis of breast problems

First of all, you should regularly independently examine each breast by the method of palpation and squeezing of the nipples. A healthy chest is almost uniform to the touch, without any seals and pain.

When you click on the nipples, no liquid should appear.

Self-examination should be carried out approximately on the tenth day after the onset of menstruation. At this time, the chest no longer reacts painfully to touch, and the tissues come to their normal state, they are easy to probe.

Medical examinations may include thermography and mammography. Usually, doctors resort to it if they suspect a breach in the breast. A mammologist should also conduct a prophylactic examination every six months or a year by the method of palpation.

What signals indicate the need to visit a doctor

Initial symptoms that require special attention and consultation with a doctor are, of course, pain in the mammary glands and discharge from the nipples. Could this be some kind of disease? Naturally, there are situations when painful sensations are common, for example:

  • pregnancy,
  • premenstrual syndrome (hormonal changes),
  • lactation,
  • active growth of the mammary glands (adolescence).

But pain that is not associated with the above events, should alarm any woman. If the body temperature has risen, and the chest has become an unhealthy color, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. Discharge from the nipples when they should not occur, and even a strange color is also a significant reason for a visit to a specialist. If suddenly the breast has swelled or, on the contrary, has become wrinkled, the nipple has acquired an unusual color or shape, this is not just so.

It is important to realize that any unusual changes in the chest are a serious reason for a medical examination.

It is better to find out about the problem right away, rather than wait until it reaches a large scale, and radical measures will be needed to treat the disease. If the primary symptoms of the disease appear, do not wait for complications. In the early stages of the development of diseases, it is always easier and faster to cure them.

Conclusion

One of the pledges of a woman’s health is the correct menstrual cycle, a manifestation of which is also discharge from the chest. In some cases, this phenomenon is considered normal. But nevertheless, any changes in the menstrual cycle, for example, discharge from the nipples before menstruation, require a mandatory consultation with the doctor.

Noticed incomprehensible discharge from the nipples? Let's see what it is

Nipple discharge does not necessarily become a problem. The female breast is the mammary gland, and, like each gland, it can produce a certain secret. This secret can be seen by women.

Only when breastfeeding the fluid from the nipple is milk, all other cases are discharge.

They can be short-lived and disappear soon themselves, but they can also symbolize any pathology. Discharges come from both breasts or from one. They can appear themselves, and they can - when you click on the nipple. The excreta goes through the same channels as the milk when feeding.

The composition of the discharge - thickish or more liquid. Also distinguished by the selection of color and are: brown, dairy, yellow or green.

Discharge in pathology

Excretions may occur in such diseases:

    Ectasia. Inflammation of the milk ducts leads to the fact that one or more ducts are filled with a thick mass of dark or greenish hue. This disease affects women older than 40 years. When ectasia help compresses, antibiotics. Surgeon intervention rarely becomes necessary. Papilloma. Доброкачественное образование в молочном протоке. Встречается у женщин от 35 до 55 лет. Причины возникновения папилломы точно неизвестны. Характерны кровянистые выделения из соска при надавливании и без оного. В области соска редко прощупывается опухоль. To determine the presence of papilloma helps ultrasound and analysis of secretions. Bloody or clear discharge appear chest injury . Galactorrhea. There is a condition when the body produces an excess amount of the hormone prolactin, necessary for the production of breast milk. In this case, there are both white discharge from the nipples, and yellowish and brown. An overabundance of hormones due to taking birth control pills, problems with the thyroid gland and pituitary tumors can also lead to galactorrhea. Rarely does the discharge speak of the most severe disease of the female breast - about cancer. Sometimes discharge indicates a cancer that has developed outside the uterine duct, and sometimes indicate a rare form of the tumor - Pedzhet's cancer. A rare form of cancer affects exactly the nipple, and in this case there may be bloody discharge from the nipple. Mastitis. Inflammation of the mammary glands often develops after childbirth. Occurs due to infection. From the milk duct secreted pus. Also, the cause of mastitis becomes stagnant milk with irregular pumping. When the milk stagnates in the ducts, bacteria appear there.

Transparent discharge from the nipples is often observed, their color suggests that they are not dangerous, but they are caused by such diseases:

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Breast discharge in women

After birth, this body undergoes a “training session”, which is called breast engorgement, and ends a week later. During this clarification, the glands work, producing a kind of colostrum, sometimes with an admixture of blood. Then there is peace - before the onset of puberty, when dairy passages strenuously ramify inside the female organ. However, the final development of the mammary glands reach only in the postpartum period.

However, the nature of the mammary gland is such that some discharge may be present outside the period “pregnancy - lactation”. They can appear themselves, and discharge from the mammary glands may appear when pressing on the chest. Some of them are described as "watery", others have a dark, yellow color and even blood impurities. In which cases it can be considered physiology, and in which it is a disease, such specialists as a mammologist, gynecologist and oncologist can say for sure. We will consider the main causes and symptoms, so that a woman would be “grounded” before visiting one of these specialists.

Nipple discharge as normal

Breast discharge is normal if it is milk:

  • in pregnant women - in a small volume, with pressure on the gland,
  • nursing
  • for some time after the end of lactation (up to 2-3 years). The duration of this period depends on the age of the ladies and the number of pregnancies.

    In the mammary gland is constantly formed some amount of sterile fluid, which should be removed outside. A woman may notice the release of small amounts of clear discharge from one or both breasts in such cases:

  • a strong push on the chest
  • hormonal drugs,
  • antidepressant treatment
  • wearing close bras
  • significant exercise.

    An opaque liquid will be discharged from the nipple after ductography, an x-ray examination with the introduction of contrast into the mammary gland.

    Ectasia (expansion) duct gland

    The milky ways expand under the influence of thick secretions that may have a different color, even green and black. If such a blockage of the ducts is not accompanied by their inflammation, then apart from the strange discharge, the woman is not disturbed by anything.

    The disease is treated only by surgery, taking anti-inflammatory drugs and warm compresses only temporarily improves the condition.

    Papilloma inside the milky duct

    So called benign tumor, similar to those that are found on the skin. At the same time, it develops not under the influence of the papilloma virus, but for unknown reasons.

    This tumor appears in the duct near the nipple, manifesting itself with thick secretions of different colors, sometimes mixed with blood. Discharge occurs usually during stimulation of the nipple. Treatment pathology - surgery.

    Abscess and mastitis

    Abscess is called a capsule-limited accumulation of pus in the mammary gland, whereas mastitis is an inflammation of a portion of the gland that does not have clear boundaries. Both of these pathologies usually occur either during lactation, or as a result of a penetrating wound of a gland with an infected object.

    Both diseases are accompanied by discharge from the nipple of pus, which has a yellow or green color and an unpleasant smell, as well as fever, pain in the mammary gland, which is felt by compaction (with an abscess, it will be delimited), which will be very painful and hot.

    Both pathologies are treated with antibiotics, which is carried out simultaneously with the opening and drainage of purulent cavities.

    Fibrocystic mastopathy

    This condition is considered dangerous in terms of transformation into cancer. characterized by the appearance in the chest of small cysts and patches of scar tissue. Usually, mastopathy is manifested not only by nipple discharge, which may be greenish or black, but also by pain and swelling of the mammary glands before and during menstruation. In the period after the menstruation, the woman is not disturbed by anything, the general condition is not disturbed.

    The treatment of this pathology is conservative. Read more in the publication on fibrocystic mastopathy.

    With this life-threatening pathology, discharge from the nipples of a different nature may appear: clear, yellow, bloody. If a woman noticed such secretions from only one gland, her condition did not change, but there are also:

    It is urgent to undergo a mammogram and, without delaying a minute, contact an oncologist-mammologist.

    Paget's Disease

    This is the name of the malignant tumor of the nipple or areola. It manifests itself:

  • bloody nipple discharge,
  • peeling nipple and areola,
  • redness in the nipple area,
  • itching or burning of the areolar region,
  • suction nipple.

    This disease is very malignant and requires early diagnosis, followed by radiotherapy and surgical treatment. Read more about it in our other publication.

    How to determine the pathology

    With the appearance of any discharge from the mammary gland in the period when the woman is not a nursing mother, you must always contact a mammologist. Only this specialist, on the basis of his knowledge and complaints, can make a preliminary diagnosis and direct her to additional research such as:

  • Breast ultrasound,
  • mammography
  • the study of discharge from the glands by the cytological method, as well as seeding it for microflora,
  • Duktography
  • MRI of the brain, in particular - the area of ​​the Turkish saddle (there is the pituitary gland),
  • blood test for prolactin, sex hormones, thyroid hormones.
  • Immediate examination by a mammologist is a condition where discharge is detected from only one gland, or if their character is bloody.

    Disease therapy is prescribed depending on the diagnosis. Independently, at home you can neither warm the glands, nor take antibiotics, nor use traditional methods (compresses, tinctures, lotions). So you can only aggravate the process by improving the spread of pus or cancer cells deep into the gland.

    Breast discharge

    After childbirth in women from the breast appear discharge (milk), which is necessary for breastfeeding the baby. And if the discharge appeared in a woman who did not give birth or in a mother who had long ceased to breastfeed, then this indicates a pathological process or a hormonal failure in the body. In rare cases, it can signal an oncological disease.

    Types of discharge from the mammary glands

    Physiological processes of discharge from the chest:

  • During pregnancy - “training” education of milk in the mammary glands and its periodic elimination. It starts in the third trimester and is triggered by an increased uterine tone, which stimulates the discharge from the breast from both breasts. Basically a turbid white or yellowish liquid is released. Does not affect the well-being,
  • Lactation after abortion - the duration of the discharge depends on which month of pregnancy the interruption occurred (varies from several days to one month),

    Pathological processes of discharge from the chest:

  • Mastopathy is a benign breast disease that affects the pathological proliferation of connective tissue,
  • Mastitis is an inflammatory disease of the breast that is actively developing after childbirth. This disease is accompanied by pain in the chest, redness and enlargement of the mammary gland, and there is discomfort during breastfeeding and fever,
  • Eczema-like cancer - a type of cancer that forms in or around the nipples, the fight against such a disease is carried out only by surgery,
  • Vaginitis, syphilis, cystitis and other diseases of the genital organs,
  • Intraductal papilloma is a small benign growth that is located in one of the ducts of the mammary gland. With this disease, there are blood impurities in the discharge. A woman discovers their presence by traces on a bra or on palpation in the nipple area,
  • Taking antibiotics and heavy drugs.

    These are the most common reasons for the sudden appearance of chest discharge, although there are many other factors involved. To establish the root cause of the appearance of fluid is possible only after a comprehensive medical examination, supported by analyzes and other types of medical research.

    Diseases in which there is a discharge from the breast

    The discharge of a pregnant woman is primarily due to the pathology of fetal development, and secondly, to the exacerbation of chronic diseases that existed before pregnancy.

    When the thyroid gland and the pituitary gland are ill, secretions can go out because these organs have a glandular structure, secrete their secret into the blood and are involved in regulating and stabilizing the hormonal background. And they concentrate prolactin in the blood.

  • Bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse),
  • Unhealthy lifestyle (non-compliance with the daily regimen, inadequate rest, unhealthy diet),
  • Long-term use of medicines that affect the hormones in the body,

    ORVI, etc.

  • Isolation occurs from only one breast and has a thick texture,
  • In the secreted fluid is very visible blood admixture,
  • The breast loses its symmetry - the mammary gland, from which the fluid is released, has visually increased in size, and on its surface not only visually, but also when palpating, knots are recognized,
  • There is a change in the shape / color of the nipple - the lines of the areola and skin are indistinct, the nipple is “retracted” inside, the pigmentation of the areola and the nipple increase / decrease.
  • Smoking,
  • Unfavorable ecological situation
  • Lack of sleep
  • Little rest,
  • Unbalanced nutrition
  • Abortions.

    Today, hereditary susceptibility to cancer is considered the main cause of the development of tumor diseases.

    What to do if there is a discharge of the mammary glands

    Noticing the discharge from the breast, do not panic. Just in the shortest possible time it is necessary to contact a mammologist, who will give you an ultrasound for your diagnosis. mammography. blood test and ductography. After the diagnosis, the doctor will select the appropriate treatment for you.

    Discharge from the mammary glands during pregnancy (colostrum) can occur almost from the first days of an interesting situation. Such secretions are considered to be just as normal as their absence.

    There are a huge number of circumstances through the fault of which fluid can be excreted from the mammary glands, which is why it is so important to contact a mammologist as early as possible. The doctor selects individual treatment for each - this is either conservative therapy, which is carried out by biological, physical and chemical methods, or surgery in severe cases. And before the doctor selects the treatment, it is necessary to undergo a diagnosis.

    If we use modern and effective treatment in time, then there is a great chance to achieve positive results.

    In the case of ductectasis, surgery is required which removes the affected duct in the mammary gland.

    For the treatment of purulent diseases of the mammary glands, the doctor prescribes antibiotics or prescribes an operation to help open up the accumulation of pus in the tissues.

    Intracropsy papilloma is treated only with surgery, during which the affected tissue is removed. After the operation, the removed material is sent for histological examination in order to exclude the malignancy of the neoplasm.

    So, discharge from the mammary glands during lactation is quite a common phenomenon, since milk is released. In other cases, secretions should alert you because they are considered dangerous. In order to find out the cause of their occurrences, it is necessary to fully examine.

    Fluid can be released independently, and when you click on the nipple. Often a woman discovers them when:

    Takes psychotropic drugs

    If you palpation of the breast found a seal, or you are worried about the pain in it, be sure to inform your doctor. The more you answer the doctor's questions, the faster he will be able to diagnose you.

    Causes of discharge from the chest before menstruation

    Painful sensations in the bust area before “critical days” may be accompanied by nipple discharge. If so, it's time to make an appointment with the antenatal clinic.

    Discharge from the breast on certain days before menstruation may be normal, not cause suspicion in a woman. Sometimes there is a delay, the sensitivity is exacerbated. A woman expects a pleasant event, although diseases affecting the bust or organs of the endocrine or reproductive system cannot be excluded.

    "The Secret" of the mammary glands

    Three reasons for discharge:

    In a non-pregnant woman, discharge occurs in the form of a small amount of liquid (drops), light or transparent, odorless. This secret is produced by the mammary glands when the level of prolactin rises - a hormone responsible for the production of milk in case of pregnancy.

    Important! In the early stages (before the expectant mother learns about carrying a child), this symptom and delay should give rise to thoughts about the possible acquisition of a test.

    All attention is on the chest. Women in an interesting position after 5 months may have discharge. They wear a yellow, milky hue.

    After weaning the baby for a short time, white drops (milk) are noticeable. They can appear after pressing, stimulating the mammary glands. If the irritating factor is removed, then the discharge of such a nature will soon end.

    While taking oral contraceptives. Before use, you need to examine the list of possible side effects and contraindications.

    The mammary glands are a hormone-dependent organ, it constantly experiences the effects of hormones. Especially during the different phases of the menstrual cycle.

    In the first half of the possible growth of breast tissue due to increased estrogen, then the days of menstruation come, and excess fluid can be removed.

    Important! If taking OK brings unpleasant symptoms to a woman’s life, you need to tell the doctor. May need to be replaced.

    Most of the fair sex do not know what nipple discharge is, so it is better to reinsure yourself and undergo an examination (before this you can do a self-examination), especially when there are accompanying symptoms:

    1. Colour. Brown drops may contain blood impurities, which indicates a chest trauma or neoplasm (intraductal papilloma, benign tumor, oncology after the first stages of development). Greenish and yellow - a sign of possible suppuration.
    2. Pains The mammary gland hurts when squeezing the nerve endings. This may be an abnormal growth of its tissues or a capsule with a secret, which also affects the sensation of a woman. Where it hurts and when pressing or after (during) menstruation, you need to remember or write down and then tell the gynecologist or breast specialist.
    3. Smell of emitted fluid. Unpleasant should be a signal to urgently seek medical care.

    Important! Do not panic. It is worth wearing comfortable underwear, less nervous and do not postpone the visit to the specialist. It is better to immediately dispel fears.

    Causes of possible pathologies

    Often, discharge from the chest is a symptom of possible pathologies that a girl (most often a woman after 30 years of age) does not realize if the disease is otherwise asymptomatic or nothing hurts.

    Possible diseases or disorders during which excreted fluid from the nipples appears:

    Ectasia. Inflammations of the mammary gland provoke the formation of fluid. It is localized in the ducts. The color may be greenish, there are brown discharge.

    Недуг также характеризуется изменениями в области соска (впадины, уплотнения), возможными образованиями в самом бюсте. Иногда грудь ноет, болит.

    The main thing is to figure out which microorganisms (bacteria, viruses caused inflammation).

    Galactorrhea. Such light or dark brown discharge from the nipples is associated with the production of prolactin. Before menstruation, its level may increase. The main thing is to understand what factor caused this disease. These may be oral contraceptives, a brain tumor, thyroid dysfunction, or hormonal failure. If there is a delay - this is also a sign of the "game of hormones."

    Intraductal papilloma. It acts as a cause for excreted fluid, with blood clots, brown drops. In this case, the chest sometimes hurts, and the fluid is released after squeezing the nipple.

    Mastopathy. The development of benign tumors, especially of a cystic nature, can also lead to fluid leakage (in particular, if the integrity of the cyst is compromised).

    Hormonal disorders. Before prescribing a treatment, a gynecologist or mammologist may refer the patient to an endocrinologist and ask for donation of blood for the maintenance of female hormones, the liver and pancreas. If a woman is constantly faced with such a thing as a delay, she can also talk about a hormonal failure.

    Benign mobile education - fibroadenoma.

    Beat breast tissue. An unexpected fall, bruise or sudden jolt can cause injury. Hematomas that require treatment are formed in the tissues. They can affect the flow of fluid from the nipple.

    Oncology. This dangerous disease in the later stages can affect the formation of unnatural secretions from the mammary glands (with blood, brown).

    Important! Brown drops of liquid from the nipples after menstruation should alert. It is necessary to remember when they occur — before or after the end of critical days, whether they are accompanied by a delay. In this way, it is possible to determine whether a hormone dependence is a disease or is associated with other factors.

    Find and cure the disease

    Before you start thinking about going to a doctor, a girl of reproductive age should exclude pregnancy. If the lower abdomen hurts, there is a delay (10 or more days waiting for menstruation), and light drops began to appear from the nipples - this is the reason for acquiring a pregnancy test.

    If their smell is unpleasant, they are green, yellow or brown in color, you should immediately contact a specialist - there is an inflammatory or purulent process.

    The main stages of diagnosis:

    If treatment is started earlier, it will pass almost imperceptibly (using drug therapy), delaying the visit to the consultation can lead to surgery.

    The color of the secretions from the mammary glands can be of a different color (transparent, yellow, green, etc.), and the consistency varies from liquid to mucous.

  • Transparent - if such discharge from a middle-aged woman, then - it is ductectasia. Considered normal if they appear before menstruation or during sexual arousal,
  • Brown discharge - signaling damage to the blood vessels from which the bleeding into the milk ducts proceeds. Such secretions are caused either by the growth of a cancerous tumor or by the manifestation of the cystic form of mastitis,
  • Bloody - such secretions most often inform about tumor processes in the ducts, as the neoplasm, increasing, constricts the blood vessels, and thereby causes internal hemorrhage in the milk ducts,
  • Light - a light liquid is secreted from two glands simultaneously. Odorless. If the discharge is not related to the interesting position of the woman, then this is definitely galactorrhea.

    Causes of discharge

    Causes of discharge from the mammary glands are either physiological or pathological processes.

  • Receiving combined oral contraceptives - as contraceptives have a hormone that stimulates lactation, the liquid that is released from the nipples will stop being released if you change the drug or completely cancel it.
  • Ductectasia is an expansion of the suboreolar breast channels that results in clogging of the glands, which leads to inflammation and coacervation of fluid exiting through the nipples of the mammary glands. Usually, women over the age of 40 suffer from this disease.
  • Cancer is a malignant tumor that forms invisibly as a result of the disordered and uncontrolled development of the body's cells. A sign of this disease can be bloody discharge from one or two breasts, as well as a sharp increase in the mammary gland,
  • External and internal injuries of the chest (bruises, blows),
  • Nipple irritation after breastfeeding,
  • Galactorrhea is the release of milk / colostrum from the nipples, which is caused by prolonged use of hormonal drugs. Breastfeeding has nothing to do with

    Discharge from the nipples in a state of functional tension of the thyroid, in which the level of hormones is within the normal range or hormonally active tumors of the anterior pituitary, producing an excessive amount of prolactin, is quite consistent with the normal production of milk by the female body, under the influence of hormones.

    In addition to lactation, we can note a violation of the time period from the beginning of one month to the beginning of the next, until their completion.

    Endocrine disorders can be caused by:

    But the discharge from the breast, which arose due to tumors, the characteristic symptoms can be very different. This, above all, depends on the type and shape of the tumor. its location and other factors:

    Tumor diseases (fibroadenomas, cancer, etc.) may develop for the following reasons:

    Treatment of breast excretions

    With mastitis, treatment can be both conservative and operative. It depends on what stage the disease is.

    In the case of Paget's disease, the mammologist prescribes a mastectomy - an operation in which both breasts are removed, in rare cases only a formation in healthy tissue is removed.

  • Wears tight bra,
  • Rides constantly pressure
  • A hormonal failure occurs in the body.

    Is it ok

    Can colostrum be produced in women? It takes place only at certain stages of life. Such secretions indicate the readiness of the mammary glands for breastfeeding and are usually observed during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester and shortly before the birth of the child. Colostrum is produced in the first few days after birth: it contains special substances that contribute to the formation of the immune system of the newborn.

    Discharge from the nipples is considered normal even after the completion of lactation and may last for a year or longer. But if colostrum is released from the breast several years after the end of breastfeeding, or it appears in a woman who has never given birth, then this symptom should be a reason for going to a doctor.

    If the colostrum appeared once

    Almost every woman can get colostrum at least once in their life. And its appearance can provoke the impact of several very unusual and unexpected factors.

    • The first is sexual arousal. If it is strong, it stimulates the blood flow to the mammary glands (they are the main female erogenous zone), which can start the work of the alveoli that are responsible for the synthesis of milk.
    • The second reason is nipple stimulation. First, it can also increase sexual desire and provoke the filling of breast tissue with blood. Secondly, if lactation was completed recently or even several years ago, the brain can perceive the effects on the nipples as sucking movements of the child and send a signal about the need for milk production in the mammary glands. But since the hormone responsible for lactation, prolactin outside the gestation period, is produced in insignificant quantities, it is not enough for a full-fledged synthesis of milk, and only a few drops of colostrum will be released.
    • The third reason also contributes to the flow of blood into the area of ​​the mammary glands. And increased blood supply can be observed during thermal effects on the chest area, for example, when visiting a sauna or a bath, during tanning or during intense physical exertion.

    The release of colostrum for the reasons described above can be observed in any phase of the menstrual cycle. But the chances of its appearance before menstruation are higher, since at this time the production of the hormone prolactin, responsible for breastfeeding, increases.

    Reasons for the regular release of colostrum

    Colostrum before menstruation can be allocated for various reasons:

    • Breast injuries. Mechanical damage can irritate nerve endings and fibers and thereby stimulate lactation, triggering milk production.
    • Acceptance of hormonal drugs, including oral contraceptives. If they are taken for a long time or incorrectly chosen, then this can provoke hormonal disorders. And with changes in the ratio of hormone levels, prolactin activity may increase.
    • Hormonal imbalance often leads to disruptions of the menstrual cycle and other symptoms, including nipple discharge.
    • Neoplasms: fibroadenomas, cysts, carcinomas, adenomas, intraductal papillomas. Both benign and malignant tumors can cause nipple discharge. Sometimes they touch the nerve endings and affect the alveoli and the milky ducts, which can contribute to the synthesis of fluid.
    • Pregnancy. Although in most cases, discharge starts in the third trimester, they may appear in the early stages. But if menstruation is expected, then surely conception happened quite recently. And yet sometimes menstruation occurs within a few months after fertilization, although this is an exception to the rule.
    • Periodic nipples that appear and emerge from the nipples may signal diseases of the thyroid gland. Malfunctions in the work of this body directly affect the general hormones and can cause serious malfunctions.
    • Tumors of the pituitary gland. This part of the brain is directly involved in the synthesis of hormones, therefore, disruption of its functioning leads to problems.
    • Liver disease. It may seem that this body is not related to the chest, but it provides hormone utilization. And if the liver ceases to perform its functions, it will inevitably lead to failures.
    • A recent miscarriage or miscarriage. These events can provoke the strongest failure, which can cause abnormal discharge from the nipples.
    • Mastopathy. Such a common disease is characterized by a pathological proliferation of breast tissue and is often accompanied by the appearance of discharge, especially before each regular menstruation.

    When do you need medical help?

    Hormonal changes can be observed in women and are not always pathological and dangerous. Therefore, if the release of colostrum was single and not significant, and was not accompanied by alarming symptoms, then most likely you are all right, and urgent medical assistance is not required. But it would seem to the doctor to be superfluous.

    If the discharge from the nipples had an unpleasant smell, an abnormal shade (gray, brown or greenish), and also contained blood impurities, you should immediately contact a breast specialist. Other disturbing symptoms should also be alarming: redness of the nipples or skin of the mammary glands, changes in the size and shape of the breast, a feeling of soreness or heaviness, discomfort or pain. These signs can signal inflammatory processes localized in the breast tissues of the neoplasms and other pathologies.

    If you notice colostrum released from the nipples before menstruation, you should contact your breast doctor and find out the causes of this symptom.