- 10 How to determine the term of conception?
Our great-grandmothers tried to find out whether the conception occurred long before the menstruation was delayed, listening to its body or trusting national signs. The ultra-precise medical diagnosis of pregnancy arose closer to the beginning of 1960, when, based on the experimental findings of a German scientist, Dr. Zondek, the first test was created to determine the amount of hCG in a woman’s urine. Therefore, until 1960, women were told in gynecological clinics about what could be the first signs of pregnancy after conception, warning that in some cases the alleged symptoms indicate diseases of the reproductive organs.
Pain in the abdomen as a sign of pregnancy
Many women experience discomfort in the lower abdomen immediately after conception. These sensations may somehow resemble the pain observed before the onset of the next menstruation. Usually the cramps described by the overwhelming number of pregnant women when they remember the beginning of their pregnancy are not associated with the growth of the uterus. This is a natural reaction of the body to the successful completion of conception. However, if the pain lasts for more than 2 weeks, and menstruation does not occur, the likelihood of ectopic pregnancy is high. In this case, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist who will make a transvaginal ultrasound scan in order to eliminate the threat of spontaneous abortion or the abnormal position of the fruit egg.
Dysfunction of the digestive system and pregnancy
Most often, the first signs of pregnancy after conception are associated with the digestive system of a woman. They should be taken seriously if conception happened no earlier than a week ago before the following symptoms appear:
- flatulence, accompanied by weight in the stomach,
- rejection of certain products and smells,
- desire to change your diet or add dishes with unexpected flavor combinations.
You can feel when the conception took place only when the egg fertilized by the sperm cell penetrates the uterine wall. Up to this point, the hormonal background of the woman remains the same, therefore, it is not possible to learn about the exact date of the occurrence of pregnancy based on observations of the work of the digestive system.
Psychological aspect of pregnancy
Women who are actively planning pregnancy, especially calculate favorable days for conception and therefore are in a tense psychological state. They try to explain the frequent changes in their mood by the onset of a long-awaited pregnancy. There is some truth in this: pregnant women really are in a complex psychological state. Due to changes in the level of hormonal levels, you can feel that fertilization took place. A woman becomes very emotional. She feels pity for herself, the cause of which may be panic fear for her child or the irreversibility of future childbirth (this condition is due to the fact that the pregnant woman is afraid of the very process of delivery).
Breast tenderness: mastopathy or pregnancy?
True signs of pregnancy after conception are associated with changes in the mammary glands. About 90% of women in labor felt discomfort in the chest immediately after the likely conception. The mammary glands are enlarged long before the first day of the delay of menstruation (approximately 1.5 to 2 weeks). The chest becomes round. You can see how the areolas and nipples become wider, acquiring a rich brown tint. Thus, the breast begins to prepare for the future feeding of the infant.
Cystitis as a signal of pregnancy
The smallest gestational age is very often accompanied by cystitis. The cause of inflammation of the bladder can be associated not only with changes in the uterus (which at first resembles a chicken egg), but also with the restructuring of the whole organism. The female immune system is weakened. Therefore, until the day of birth, she may have problems with urination, the cause of which may be infections. However, now cystitis is treated with safe antibiotics, which can be used even when the period is less than 7 weeks.
Basal temperature rise
Women wishing to know when favorable days for conception come will regularly measure basal body temperature. This method is practiced by those for whom the date of delivery is especially important. After all, some mothers tend to give birth to a child on a certain significant date: the New Year, the anniversary of the wedding or another important event. It is believed that a sharp increase in temperature indicates ovulation. If on the following days after ovulation the temperature rises, then conception has occurred. But if conception took place, and the temperature does not rise, a woman can be diagnosed with a deficiency of progesterone, which often becomes the cause of miscarriages.
Cold as a likely symptom of pregnancy
In the first days after conception, you can feel weakness, general malaise, fever. This condition is often accompanied by all the symptoms of acute respiratory infections: runny nose, cough, sore throat. So the body reacts to the changes that have occurred with it. Therefore, some women talk about a possible date of birth, counting the day of conception from the day of a cold, if the period coincides with the subsequent delay of menstruation. This condition is justified in the case when you can recall the approximate date of the beginning of a cold.
Diagnosis by detecting hCG in the blood and urine of a woman
Long before giving birth, a hormone is produced in a woman’s body - human chorionic gonadotropin. This hormone is produced in a matter of days after conception by the future placenta. So you can learn about the approximate date of pregnancy, long before the first days of the delay of menstruation. It is enough to determine the presence of hCG in the body (this can be done in three ways: buy a pregnancy test, make a special blood or urine test). The most reliable result can be obtained if the period from the beginning of fertilization is 10 days. Some women, considering favorable days, do the test for hCG immediately when their basal temperature rises, but such results can be questioned because the concentration of the hormone does not initially exceed the allowable level in the body of non-pregnant women.
Why do you need to know about the first signs of pregnancy?
Not all women calculate the days of ovulation, because they use contraceptives or do not have a permanent sexual partner. Therefore, for them, the days of delay of the next menstruation come as a surprise. Not all pregnancy tests can show reliable results. There were cases when a woman learned that she had an impressive gestational age shortly before ... childbirth. Of course, it is difficult not to notice the movement of the child in the womb, but, as history shows, it is possible. So you need to know about the first symptoms of a possible pregnancy to help the doctor determine what the preliminary date of birth is. This is especially important for those women who have an irregular menstrual cycle and, therefore, the days of ovulation in each month may vary.
How to determine the term of conception?
The possible term of conception is considered to be from the first day of the last menstruation. In the same way, a possible date of birth is determined in order to prevent cases of postponing pregnancy or to determine the degree of prematurity in case of premature birth. The date of conception is calculated in two ways:
- To the date of the first day of the last menstruation add 40 weeks or 280 days (after calculating the period for ovulation - 2 weeks).
- From the first day of the last menstruation, 3 months are counted and added to the received date a week.
Having determined the term of conception, a woman will be able to protect herself and the baby. After all, many medicines, cosmetic procedures, methods of functional diagnostics are unacceptable in the period from the beginning of pregnancy to childbirth. In addition, each woman must know their gestational age in order to have time to decide what she will do next. If the expectant mother works in hazardous production, she will have to quit in order not to endanger her baby’s life. In addition, she will be able to understand the reason for her indisposition and cardinal changes in mood, which will make life easier not only for her, but also for the people around her.
To the earliest sign of the onset of pregnancy include bloody discharge. In some, they may be as small bleeding, in others they are simply brownish droplets, or a small “yellow trace” appears in underwear. Usually, when women look at a calendar, they think that menstruation does not come on time. But this is the process of planting the embryo on the wall of the uterus, due to which a small bleeding begins in most women, a few days after the onset of pregnancy.
When the fertilized egg begins to penetrate the uterus, small pinkish or yellowish creamy secretions may reappear during this period. Also, they can provoke erosion of the uterus, after pregnancy, it often increases.
The occurrence of thrush
White cheesy discharges may start from the vagina. This begins thrush. Often it develops immediately after fertilization of the egg. This is due to the fact that the immune system is weakened, as the body tries to expel the alien from the body while the embryo for him.
Not the last role in the development of thrush plays and estrogens, which begin to intensively form glycogen, and lactic acid bacteria can not manage to process it. Also, thrush can provoke various diseases that are difficult for a pregnant woman to resist during this period.
Signs of a cold sickness
Often, unaware of the onset of pregnancy, many people think that they have a cold. For some, the temperature rises slightly, and therefore immunity decreases, fatigue appears. All signs of colds manifest themselves: a runny nose, complaints of a sore throat, a woman freezes all the time or, on the contrary, sweats. Sometimes the face reddens in the evening. These are the most common signs of pregnancy after conception.
Almost on the first day of conception, the breasts swell and their sensitivity increases. Some even hurt them to touch. Such phenomena occur in about 90 percent of women. For some, they are very pronounced when the chest suddenly becomes seductively rounded. The body in this period is already beginning to prepare the breast for breastfeeding. In most women, the skin around the nipples darkens or colostrum begins to stand out.
Sense of heaviness in the pelvis and shooting and lower back pain
In the pelvic region, a feeling of “fullness” appears, since after the appearance of pregnancy, on the first day, the uterus begins to increase due to the increased blood flow to it. At the beginning of pregnancy, some women in the uterus begin tingling and "shooting" in the lower back, they usually remain for the entire duration of pregnancy.
Some women who are not aware of their pregnancy notice that they have become more restless to sleep. In the evening, they are drawn to sleep, but after a while they wake up and cannot sleep afterwards. But, even if the dream was complete, they wake up feeling overwhelmed. Many novice mummies, on the first day immediately after conception, begin to see unusual, sometimes disturbing dreams. Often there are times when a living fish dreams. Thus, you can also determine the beginning of pregnancy, and set the exact date. It is advisable to record in this period your dreams in the calendar of pregnancy.
Many women suffer from this classic sign of pregnancy, but some lucky women have feelings of nausea, increased salivation, and aversion to odors. In many women, it is possible to determine that a pregnancy has occurred due to vomiting occurring practically after each meal. Taste and olfactory sensations change, appetite decreases. This is due to the disorder of the neuroendocrine regulation of body functions and the disruption of the central nervous system.
Due to salivation, which is manifested together with vomiting, a few days can be reduced to three kilograms of weight. It is undesirable to swallow saliva, as it can change the acidity of the gastric juice and disrupt the digestive functions.
Vomiting is a defensive reaction, with its help the body does not allow toxic and rejectable substances. But at the same time with the vomit from the body out of the body digestive juices, which contain a lot of protein.
Not necessarily in pregnant women, appetite disappears and vomiting begins. For some, during these days, the appetite even increases. And every day they have a desire to eat pickled cucumbers or to enjoy chocolate ice cream. Pregnant, leading calendar, can calculate that by the second semester, these phenomena cease.
A slight decrease in blood pressure - this universal phenomenon may appear from the first weeks of pregnancy. If a woman has had low pressure before, she may begin to have severe weakness, dizziness, fainting. The state of health begins to deteriorate when a woman has to be in a stuffy room or stand for a long time, as well as when taking a bath.
The most famous sign of pregnancy when menstruation is delayed for several days. Women, leading the calendar of the menstrual cycle, can accurately calculate the day when the period of menstruation should begin, and if she did not come on time, take a pregnancy test to accurately determine its occurrence. The delay of menstruation for several days is sometimes associated with hormonal disorders, inflammatory diseases, infection, and not just with the expectation of a child.
Increased basal temperature
If a pregnancy is suspected, the woman may begin to measure the basal temperature. By keeping a daily schedule, you can even determine the exact day of conception. It is necessary to take the temperature in the morning and record it in the pregnancy calendar. It usually rises to 37 degrees during pregnancy and remains stable throughout the entire period.
Women planning to have a baby can track even small changes in their bodies, following the list below.
Signs of pregnancy in the first days after conception and with the onset of delay
Signs of pregnancy in the first days after fertilization, ovules appear in a very small number of women. However, they should be known to every woman who lives sexually. Early identification of an interesting position in a prudent lady, immediately cause such a normal reaction, as the adjustment of their own lifestyle. Signs of pregnancy in the first days of conception they force you to give up bad habits, start using only healthy health products and mentally tune in a good way.
Let's look at the main, most common signs of pregnancy in the first days of conception and after the start of delayed menstruation. It should immediately be said that the latter are more pronounced, with an increase in the duration of pregnancy, all of its symptoms appear brighter.
After conception, until the delay of menstruation
All the phenomena described by us will continue throughout the first trimester (the first three months), and perhaps even to the very birth.
1. Painful sensations in the mammary glands. Some women only confuse this symptom (after all, even without pregnancy, the mammary glands in the second half of the menstrual cycle may swell), while others are almost 100% sure that conception has occurred. Usually, signs of pregnancy in the first days of pregnancy, basically, they feel multiplying, that is, more experienced women in this regard. In very rare cases, colostrum may start to be released from such nipples at such early stages. Of course, not spontaneously yet, but with a little pressure. In order not to mislead you, let us clarify that this happens due to an increase in the level of the hormone prolactin, but it can also increase in other situations. For example, with benign or malignant brain tumors, or even after sexual intercourse. For reference: colostrum is a liquid containing a lot of nutrients, which the baby feeds on for the first 2-4 days of life until the mother starts to produce real milk.
Such signs of pregnancy in the first days of conception often perceived as a signal that menstruation will begin very soon. And in some way, those who think are really right. Although some of the women really feel in the first weeks after conception the pulling pains in the lower abdomen - this can be called the norm only with a stretch. Rather, it is a clear symptom of threatened miscarriage. Вряд ли данные неприятные ощущения можно объяснить «растяжением связок матки» - матка еще не успела увеличиться. Даже гинеколог на осмотре не заметит никаких изменений пока.
Если же боли проявляются до овуляции, то это можно связать как раз-таки с ее началом, особенно, если болит со стороны одного из яичников.
3. Также позволяет заметить signs of pregnancy in the early days in the rectumOr, as it is rightly called by doctors and those who plan a child, is basal. In order to learn to interpret the data well, you need to learn how to make a schedule. It is quite easy. Draw 2 scales - X and Y (as in school geometry lesson). One scale is the day of the count cycle, the other scale is the exact temperature. If there are strong deviations in the schedule, the doctor can draw conclusions about the reasons for this. The thing hormonal disorders. However, now less and more gynecologists resort to this diagnostic method, it is simply outdated and not reliable enough. Determine what is wrong in the body of a woman (if there are relevant symptoms), you can use tests and ultrasound on certain days of the cycle.
But be that as it may, many women in the old manner continue to draw graphs, calculate and search using them signs of pregnancy in the early days of the delay. In order to succeed, you must follow a few simple rules.
a) Measurements are carried out using the same thermometer.
b) Measurement time - morning, immediately after waking up.
c) 6 hours before the morning is not worth having sex, it will distort the result.
Before ovulation, rectal temperature will not exceed 36.9 degrees, just a few hours before it may slightly decrease compared to previous days, on the day of ovulation it reaches its maximum - not less than 37 degrees, as a rule. If conception has occurred, then a thermometer in the coming months will not show below 37 degrees. At least it should not show. If there is a sharp drop in temperature, then this can be attributed to the threat of miscarriage. But modern doctors do not recommend just taking measurements, it is too unnerving, and often in vain.
In some cases, not only basal, but also general body temperature may increase. And while there are no signs of any diseases, and tests are normal.
Practically all more or less educated and observant people know that one of the features of future mothers is their tendency to be overweight. It is laid at the genetic level. Nature does everything so that the child does not experience hunger, even. if his mother will starve herself. After all, it is possible to draw nutrients from the fatty layer, which is formed in the future mothers in the area of the buttocks and on the stomach. But signs of pregnancy in the early days Pregnancy is, rather, not weight gain, but on the contrary some decrease in weight. This, in the first place, applies to those who experience toxicosis. Little by little, the kilos start after the second trimester. Although, there may be exceptions if the child is waiting for a full woman. If, even before conception, there is an excess weight, then it is quite possible that the body itself will start to get rid of them, as if it was not necessary ballast.
They sometimes make themselves felt in the first or second week after conception. Of course, this is not yet such a strong morning sickness, as shown in the movies, but the discomfort already exists. Some confuse them with poisoning. In addition to nausea, a woman may experience fatigue in the absence of physical exertion, the psychological state is also not persistent - frequent crying without occasion, rolling up of scandals, drowsiness. Gastronomic preferences may change. Some smells (like the smell of fish) become unbearable.
After the start of the delay
1. Probably the most important symptom - menstruation did not come on time, and the ones we listed earlier began to manifest themselves. signs of pregnancy in the early days of the delay. The real menstruation will now begin only after delivery, it is quite possible - at the end of breastfeeding. During lactation, bleeding will not be regular. Sometimes, future mothers also have bleeding. But this is not at all a simple physiological process, and pathology is a detachment of the placenta or the ovum, which requires medical supervision.
2. On the ultrasound almost immediately after the start of the delay, you can see the fertilized egg. If not, and the rest signs of pregnancy in the early days of the delay are present (elevated rectal temperature, hCG, toxemia, etc.), this may indicate that a fertilized egg develops outside the uterus. This is a very dangerous condition for a woman’s life and requires urgent hospitalization and diagnostic surgery.
3. Elevated hCG is the main symptom by which doctors are oriented. You can find out whether this hormone is elevated or not at home by making a test. But in some cases, the tests may be wrong, unfortunately. It is much more reliable in this case to donate blood for analysis. It is desirable to do this even before consulting a gynecologist.
Of course, this is not all that feels pregnant woman, and not all the changes that occur in her body, but they are quite enough to draw conclusions.
Favorable period for conception
Can I get pregnant before or after ovulation? The maximum probability of conception exists on the day of ovulation. The favorable time after it is calculated in hours and averages less than a day. This results from the fact that the oocyte lives only 12-24 hours. The potentially dangerous period is about 8 days (7 days before the release of the oocyte and 1 day after it), since spermatozoa live from 2 to 7 days. That is, they can penetrate into the tubes before ovulation occurs, and wait for the egg cell there. In this case, conception occurs on the day the oocyte is released.
To calculate ovulation, it is necessary to divide the average cycle time into two, the error is three days in both directions. This method is not very accurate, because ovulation can occur earlier or later in the middle of the cycle. Accurately determine the output of the oocyte can test for LH (luteinizing hormone) in the urine. Increasing the content of LH indicates the approaching ovulation. The test allows you to learn about ovulation the day before its occurrence with an accuracy of 99%.
Minor bleeding that appeared after ovulation, can talk about conception, it is implant bleeding that accompanies the introduction of the embryo into the uterine wall. These allocations are often taken for the beginning of the monthly. But you can not ignore the bloodshed, which repeatedly appear during the day and more. This can mean a threatening miscarriage - a condition that requires medical attention.
Long before the onset of toxicosis, a woman may complain of increased gas formation and bloating. These symptoms can be considered a sign of pregnancy if they occur near the end of the cycle.
Some note the intolerance of certain foods and odors, unusual food habits. These phenomena disappear with time, but having become pregnant again, the woman already clearly knows what the onset of these symptoms indicates.
Changes in the mammary glands
Soreness, enlargement and engorgement of the breast, enlargement and darkening of the areolae are the main signs that conception has occurred. These phenomena are before menstruation, but at the beginning of pregnancy they are more pronounced and can last longer. Also, a woman may notice light discharge from the nipples, the mammary glands begin to produce colostrum.
High basal temperature
If fertilization has occurred, then the entire second half of the cycle should maintain an elevated basal temperature. Sometimes the sensations at the exit of the egg are mistaken for the onset of fertilization, since the symptoms that occur during ovulation are similar to the signs of conception. It is safer not to rely on subjective feelings, but to wait for 10 days of the intended pregnancy and conduct a test.
After fertilization, the basal temperature rises. If the thermometer 37 degrees, it allows us to conclude that a pregnancy is possible even before the delay. After ovulation and fertilization take place, enhanced progesterone production begins. That he gives an increase to 37 degrees.
Normal temperature after fertilization is an unfavorable prognostic sign and indicates a lack of progesterone. This condition represents a threat of miscarriage and needs treatment.
The initial signs of pregnancy include fatigue, sleepiness and a constant feeling of indisposition, which is caused by hormonal changes. The body, after ovulation and conception, adapts to its new state and provides protection to the embryo. If pregnancy occurs after ovulation, the immunity is automatically reduced so that the mother’s body does not reject the embryo, which it perceives as a foreign body.
An informative sign of pregnancy is a strong irritability and emotional lability, which is also a reaction to the hormonal changes in the body. If a woman is nervous and annoyed for any reason, then this may indicate a conception occurred.
Increased PMS symptoms
Discomfort after ovulation and conception may resemble discomfort before the onset of menstruation. They are evidence of the onset of pregnancy. Severe and prolonged pain may indicate an abnormal egg attachment, so if they last more than 14 days, you should visit a doctor.
Sometimes the first signs of conception after ovulation are associated with dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. If more than a week has passed since the intended moment of conception, a woman may experience the following symptoms:
- nausea, urge to vomit,
- increased gas formation,
- heaviness in the stomach,
- perversion of taste.
These symptoms occur when conception occurs after ovulation and the egg is implanted into the uterus. Before this happens, the hormonal background remains at the same level and any changes in the functions of the gastrointestinal tract are not informative.
The early stages of fetal development in many women are accompanied by inflammation of the bladder. The reason for this phenomenon is not so much that the growing uterus puts pressure on the bladder (it still has a size no more than a chicken egg), as in the hormonal rearrangement of the body. The immune defense is weakened, as a result, the infection penetrates into the organs of urination and cystitis develops. Problems of this nature can haunt a woman all the time of pregnancy. Treatment is carried out with antibacterial drugs that do not have a negative effect on the fetus.
Signs of conception by day
To merge gametes, it is necessary that a full egg cell emerge from the follicle. A mature cell is capable of fertilization and subsequent division. On which day after ovulation does conception and fertilization take place? Most often on the same day, the life of the egg is short - about 12-24h.
Spermatozoa must cross a certain distance in order to penetrate the fallopian tube, where the egg cell is waiting for them. This process takes about 2-6 hours. After the fight, the sperm penetrates and fertilization takes place. Signs of conception after ovulation before implantation in most cases are absent. A woman does not feel anything on the first day of pregnancy.
The immune system perceives the fertilized egg as a foreign body, so on the 2nd day of pregnancy, the production of antibodies, the so-called immune attack, begins. From this, the future mother feels tired and broken. In addition, on the second day, there may be a change in taste preferences, bloating and nausea, as well as such signs of fertilization of the egg, such as engorgement and tenderness of the mammary glands.
Implantation means the process of attachment of the embryo to the lining of the uterus, which occurs from 5 to 9 days after fertilization and lasts about 40 hours. If the embryo does not move into the uterine cavity, but continues to develop in the tube, an ectopic pregnancy is formed. On the 5th day after the fusion of gametes, the temperature may rise, dizziness and chills may occur. A woman feels cold.
The beginning of the second week of embryonic development corresponds to the first critical period of formation. During this period, teratogenic factors lead to the death of the embryo. But if he survives, then he does not have any malformations. On day 8, there is a feeling of constant fatigue, headaches and dizziness. Expectant mother looks pale.
The embryo, which is at the stage of fragmentation, reaches the uterus and begins to sink into the mucous membrane. This sometimes causes minor implant bleeding. Up to 9 days, the signs of pregnancy are very scarce and similar. Due to the fact that the hormonal background begins to change, the expectant mother feels very tired, so on day 9 after the merging of the gametes, the woman feels sleepy.
On the 10th day, the embryo is finally implanted in the uterine mucosa. Now you can determine the presence of gonadotropic hormone in the blood. Biochemical blood test, which can be done from this day, objectively confirms the onset of pregnancy. After 10 days you can use a highly sensitive test.
On the 12th day of embryonic development, dyspeptic phenomena are possible: changes in taste, nausea, emetic urges, rejection of certain odors. These fertilization symptoms occur in an overwhelming number of expectant mothers. At this time, the body itself may suggest what it needs for the proper formation of the fetus, so women note a change in taste preferences. They may be attracted by those products that, prior to pregnancy, seemed to them tasteless, and the previously favorite foods cause disgust.
Changes in the mammary glands begin to occur immediately after conception, parallel to the processes occurring in the uterus. On the 13th day of pregnancy, frequent signs of fertilization are discomfort in the mammary glands, and in some cases even insignificant discharge from them. The body is preparing for breastfeeding, the result of changes may be darkening and swelling of the areola around the nipples.
From the 16th day of pregnancy, a neural plate is formed in the embryo, the ends of which are connected and form a tube. So the nervous system originates. After this, the embryonic bone system is laid.
How to find out if conception occurred and whether pregnancy occurred after ovulation? The accuracy of the test results depends on the time of the study. In order to record pregnancy before menstruation, it is necessary to acquire a test with high susceptibility. Some products are able to show the concentration of hCG from 10 mU / ml and record fertilization as early as 10 days. The second type of test has a lower susceptibility and notes the presence of hCG with only 15-25 mU / ml, that is, after the first day of the delay of menstruation.
It often happens that conception occurs, but the test is negative. One of the reasons for this phenomenon may be non-compliance with the correct sequence of the test specified in the instructions. Also, the objectivity of the study can be affected by drinking too much liquid and conducting the test in the evening, which affects the concentration of the hormone in the urine.
If the second strip is poorly visualized, it is recommended to conduct a secondary test after several days. Sometimes, hCG increases slowly, and the test will record a false-negative result up to 3 weeks after the merging of the gametes. In this case, the woman can focus on the subjective signs of pregnancy. Details about the early symptoms of fertilization in the video:
The first days of pregnancy after conception: what happens in the body
Turning to science, we note that the first week after conception cannot yet be called a pregnancy. The fact is that the fertilized egg within 7-10 days moves to the place where it will be and develop from the embryo into the fetus. Only after its attachment to the walls of the uterus can we talk about the onset of pregnancy. Menstruation occurs if this attachment does not happen, and then the woman does not even suspect that there was conception.
If the fertilized egg has reached the uterus, then it is introduced into the walls of the uterus (embryo implantation). After successful implantation, the umbilical cord and placenta begin to form. The first week after conception is very important in the period of conceiving a new life, as the woman's body perceives the embryo as a foreign body, in every possible way tries to tear it away, not allowing it to consolidate properly.
After successful implantation of the embryo, the body first occurs. hormonal adjustment. The woman begins to produce a special hormone that is responsible for the safety of the fetus in the female body during the first stages of pregnancy: known as hCG. The presence of this hormone in the blood gives a 100% guarantee of pregnancy. Most doctors and women trust blood for HCG more than pregnancy tests in the first few days, although the latter also respond to the presence of a hormone. Read more about hCG during pregnancy →
The first days of pregnancy: how to recognize
For a healthy woman, the first sign of pregnancy is always a delay. But, if you do not monitor your general condition and do not plan a pregnancy, the delay is determined when the pregnancy lasts for 2-3 weeks. На то, что в первые дни после зачатия происходит имплантация эмбриона в стенки матки, могут указать несколько признаков.
1. Незначительные кровянистые выделения. At 7-12 days after conception, when the embryo is introduced into the uterus wall, a woman may experience slight bleeding (implant bleeding). It may be in the form of several brownish or yellowish spots on underwear or paper. If pregnancy is not planned, then this phenomenon is often perceived as the beginning of menstruation. If such spots appear when the pregnancy is already accurately diagnosed, then this may be a signal to the threat of miscarriage, and requires an urgent visit to a doctor. This feature may be absent in the first days of pregnancy, it all depends on the individuality of the organism.
2. Fever and basal temperature. When planning pregnancy, the method of measuring basal temperature is often used to determine the time of ovulation. With successful fertilization of the egg, this temperature first drops and then rises. Lower basal temperature in the first days of pregnancy is due to two factors:
- when pregnancy begins, estrogen is released, which lowers the temperature,
- again, progesterone is produced more strongly, which raises the temperature.
Thus, following your basal temperature, when the pregnancy is already confirmed, you can see a “pit” on the chart with a decrease in temperature. This decline continues only 1 day, then the temperature rises. Basal temperature of 37 degrees is considered normal, until the placenta began to fully function (the first few weeks). If you do not notice the recession, it is not possible to not notice the increased temperature for 2-3 weeks.
3. Feeling of light indisposition. The health of the woman in the first days of pregnancy may worsen. Often there is drowsiness, weakness. Many even get sick slightly, complaining of a throat and runny nose. This is all due to a decrease in immunity and the body's fight against the invading embryo.
In the first trimester, body temperature is always elevated, but only slightly. Hence the general weakness. The main condition for the normal course of pregnancy with such a malaise is not to be treated with drugs that can harm the unborn baby. When planning a pregnancy, it is generally better to refuse any medications if they are not absolutely necessary, and to resort exclusively to popular remedies that are not contraindicated during pregnancy.
There is a feeling of apathy, fatigue. This is connected not only with the general restructuring of the body, but also with increased production of progesterone. These sensations can cease quickly, and can be delayed until the 10th week of pregnancy, when estrogen begins to be produced more.
4. Breast sensitivity. The breast of a woman in the first days of pregnancy begins to swell, pain is manifested, that is, her sensitivity increases. Even a minor touch can be painful.
Sometimes it happens the exact opposite. Previously, a woman had painful sensations before every month, and now she is surprised that her chest does not hurt. Soon after an amazing moment, she learns about the pregnancy. Often when pressed on the areola, colostrum can be released in early pregnancy.
5. Heaviness in the pelvic area. The manifestation of the first days of pregnancy can be a feeling of heaviness in the pelvic organs. Many women begin to feel the uterus immediately after implantation of the embryo. The degree of this sensation is individual for each organism.
6. Tingling in the uterus. Also, an individual indicator of pregnancy and may indicate not only a successful conception and implantation.
7. Early toxicosisaccompanied by nausea and vomiting along with others is a sign of the early days of pregnancy. Toxicosis is considered a special sensitivity to certain smells and food. There may be a feeling of disgust for previously favorite products.
In the early days of pregnancy, you can love what you used to hate. Also for the early periods are characterized by strange combinations in food: herring with compote, ram with chocolate, pineapple with sausage. Surrounding curl at the sight of such food, and a pregnant woman is indescribable bliss.
The first days of pregnancy: false symptoms
Some of the above symptoms may indicate not only the occurrence of pregnancy. They may indicate intestinal diseases, cervical erosion, and other diseases of the female genitals. Such symptoms include bleeding, and nausea, increased urination, and breast swelling may also indicate not only the onset of pregnancy.
The first days of pregnancy: what to do
Any method for determining pregnancy begins to work only with the onset of menstruation. Even knowing the exact day of ovulation, no analysis or test will indicate the onset of pregnancy the day after fertilization. Analysis of hCG, pregnancy test, ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs is best done in the first week of the delay of menstruation.
Planning a pregnancy and assuming its occurrence should be fully change your lifestyle six months before conception. If the first symptoms of pregnancy are present, but they do not cause you any discomfort, then wait for the delay and the opportunity to make a test. A visit to the gynecologist in the first week after conception will not give any result other than a stack of directions for tests.
During this period, you can read something useful and pleasant about pregnancy, ask about the nearest courses for expectant mothers, do your own body and start doing gymnastics for pregnant women (even if there is no pregnancy, exercise will never interfere).
Just spend this time with joy and pleasant impressions. Talk to future dad about a possible miracle. You should go to the doctor after a positive pregnancy test, a 2-week delay in menstruation, or if you have gynecological problems. Read more about what to do if you are convinced that you are pregnant →
If the symptoms manifest themselves very intensely and the malaise increases, then the call to the doctor should be postponed to earlier periods. This is especially true of those who previously had problems with conceiving or carrying a pregnancy.
The first trimester of pregnancy is the most responsible. At this time, the laying of all the vital organs of the baby. The first days of pregnancy play a huge role in the onset of pregnancy in general.
If you have not planned a pregnancy, then try to predict it (when performing unprotected sexual intercourse) and not harm the baby. If pregnancy is planned, then behave as before: follow proper nutrition, avoid heavy physical exertion and do not be nervous, then the miracle will definitely happen.
Why do you need to know if conception happened?
To say that any pregnancy is desirable, it is impossible, and you understand that perfectly. Some women even in their thoughts do not have a child at this stage of life, or desire is present, but there is no permanent partner for this.
And one thing, if the delay of critical days in their situation appeared because of a cold, and quite another, if they really are pregnant. Yes, and learn about your interesting position in three or four months - it is out of hand, as you understand.
For those ladies who went to conceive purposefully, to determine whether they are pregnant means to know the preliminary date of birth. This is incredibly important for those future mothers, whose menstrual cycle is not distinguished by enviable regularity, and ovulation often “jumps”.
Lower abdominal pain
Immediately after conception, some women talk about pain, "pulling the belly." She is very similar to the one that precedes menstruation. But if a week has passed, the pain does not pass and critical days do not come, it means that the lady needs to see a doctor and exclude the possibility of ectopic pregnancy.
Breast changes are another sign of possible pregnancy: about 90% of women will experience discomfort in this area even before they learn about a joyful event from a gynecologist.
Sometimes early pregnancy is accompanied by weakness, malaise, and even temperature jumps. All this is similar to the symptoms of acute respiratory disease, but in the case of pregnancy, they really coincide.
Visit to the doctor and ultrasound
We can not say that a visit to a gynecologist and an ultrasound are one of the most reliable ways to establish the fact of pregnancy. Moreover, ultrasound helps the doctor to exclude an ectopic pregnancy, understand how many babies will be born, and even hear the baby’s heartbeat at 5-6 weeks.
In order to know for sure whether conception has come, the expectant mother should pass the analysis for hCG. The fact is that in her body even before she gives birth to a baby, chorionic gonadotropin begins to be actively produced. In the "non-pregnant" state, the level of the hormone in the blood is no more than 5 mU / ml, but after conception has happened, the hCG grows like yeast.
That is why the date of conception (approximate) thanks to the analysis of hCG can be found out long before a woman finds a delay in menstruation.
This is done by three methods:
To get a 100% result, you need to do a test no earlier than 10 days from the moment of conception, which is why women who run to the pharmacy during the first two days of the delay can get a not quite “truthful” result.
But according to the blood test, HCG shows conception a week after ovulation (this is almost a week before the start of critical days).
Hypersensitive pregnancy tests
Not all ladies guessing "on a daisy" cry out for the help of hCG. Many people need the result right now and “at home”! Therefore, medicine, for the convenience of future mothers, has developed special hypersensitive tests for determining pregnancy.
They respond so well to gonadotropin in the urine that a woman gets an answer to her question instantly and fairly accurately. Unfortunately, not with an absolute guarantee, since if the level of gonadotropin is not too high.
For example, if a test is done on the morning after a “fun” night with a man, then the result of the analysis may be erroneous. To ensure the accuracy of the test results, a woman should repeat it in a couple of days.
Hypersensitive tests are of two types: inkjet and cassette.
You can use his “third eye” if you need to get the result at any time of the day and not wait for the morning. You simply hold the intended part with the adsorbent material directly under the urine stream. Is hCG level at 20 mIU / ml? We congratulate you, everything turned out!
It can be used a week after fertilization of the egg, and the results of such a test, according to experts (if done correctly), are 99%.
This lab, only small, which shows a perfectly accurate result. It is easy to use, as it is equipped with a special pipette, which helps a woman to measure the necessary amount of urine and pour it into the reservoir. And this is also a drawback of the cassette test, since it is not very convenient for some ladies to collect urine in a separate container.
The sensitivity of this test is amazing! Already a week after fertilization and long before the delay, you can find out whether conception has occurred or not.
Determine the term of conception
This is another important aspect in the matter of conception. As a rule, this can be done by counting the days from the beginning of the last menstrual period. In the same way, doctors determine the possible date of delivery, thereby eliminating the problem of fetus overload or, on the contrary, prematurity.
Two ways to calculate:
- Add to the date of the first day of the last 40 weeks or 280 days, calculating the time for ovulation (2 weeks).
- Count off from the first day of the last 3 months and add one week to the received date.
Finally, it should be said that in an effort to determine the term of conception and find out whether it happened at all, the expectant mother takes care not only of herself, but also of her baby. It is also important because, in the early stages of pregnancy, to determine for herself what she will do with this good news further.
Definition of pregnancy at home
Any woman who plans to conceive should keep a personal diary. First, it will help track changes in the body: emotional changes, malaise, lack or increase in appetite, weight gain, and the like. At the planning stage of conception, it is important to pass an examination in order to be confident in the possibility of conceiving and carrying out a healthy child.
The most acceptable period for conceiving a child is considered the days of ovulation. It is then that the egg is in the "active" search for sperm. In a reproductively healthy woman, ovulation occurs on the 13-17th day of the menstrual cycle.
Many people ask: why to know, conception happened or not?
The sooner a woman realizes that she is in position, the better. This will help the future mom to correct her lifestyle - to eliminate bad habits, trivial behavior, to learn the rules of a balanced diet.
To date, there are several ways to determine the conception at home:
- Hypersensitive tests. As a rule, it is possible to learn about pregnancy with the help of hypersensitive tests for 10-14 days. Most often the second strip has a pale red tint.
- Folk ways. For example, by changing the color of iodine in contact with urine. Collect morning urine and pour it onto paper. Using a pipette, drip iodine onto the impregnated paper. The manifestation of a blue tint indicates a high probability of conception.
- Basal temperature. For basal temperature better to track in advance. For this you need to keep all the same personal diary. When ovulation occurs, the temperature of the basal temperature can reach 37 degrees Celsius, if these parameters persist and the temperature does not drop, you are probably pregnant.
- The density of the cervix. If you independently control the state of the cervix, then you can determine without a test whether it was conceived or not. Under the influence of "pregnant" hormones, the cervix of the uterus is compacted and closed, preventing the passage of various viruses and bacteria.
Remember that the definition of pregnancy at home can not guarantee 100% result. There are more reliable methods for determining conception, which we will discuss in the next block of the article.
Modern methods for determining conception
Ultrasound - a reliable way to determine pregnancy
The main indicator that the pregnancy has come - the delay of menstruation. Although this factor can not guarantee the success of conception. Cycle failure may occur for other reasons. For example, weight loss, stress, nervous tension, hormonal failure.
To make sure that you become pregnant, you can go to a gynecologist, who in turn can refer you to an additional examination.
Ultrasound - one of the most common ways to determine pregnancy in the early stages. But it should be noted that ultrasound is often the cause of miscarriages. In the early stages of pregnancy, the embryo looks like a black spot.
A blood test for hCG is quite an informative form of diagnosis. Just a week after conception, the level of hCG in a woman’s body is increasing every day. There is a table of hCG growth rate. In the case when the result is not the same as the norm, you should contact your gynecologist. Often, low hCG indicates ectopic pregnancy.
A gynecologist can do an examination and determine whether you are pregnant or not, and the day of your last period will help you calculate the estimated duration of pregnancy.
Modern methods for determining pregnancy are good because they can guarantee almost 100% accurate results. But remember that you can come to the gynecologist for an examination no earlier than one week, after the expected day of conception.
The earliest signs of pregnancy
You should know about the first signs of pregnancy
Every woman who wants to see the cherished red stripes every month trying to find signs of the very pregnancy. Naturally, 10 days after conception, it is foolish to catch yourself in dizziness and nausea. Although each of us has its own physiological features, and it is quite possible that nausea and thirst to eat salty, appear very soon.
A woman should be aware of early signs of pregnancy.
Pregnant women often talk about nausea, that they are “sore”. Nausea can be caused by various factors. Very often, pregnant sick with only one form of "unwanted food."
Pressure in pregnant women may slightly deviate from the "standard". Dizziness appears.
Early toxicity toxemia is the faithful companion of every second pregnant woman. The body is trying to reject harmful substances. Most often, in the second trimester, toxicosis passes on its own.
Under the influence of hormones, the mammary glands may slightly increase.
Frequent urination is a sign of pregnancy. The desire to visit the toilet almost every half hour provokes an increase in blood supply in the pelvic organs.
Признаки беременности помогут лучше узнать свой организм. Но все же для того, чтобы полностью убедиться произошло ли зачатие ребенка советуем обратиться к гинекологу.
На видео — мнение специалиста:
Первейшие признаки наступления беременности
Some people say that they can accurately determine the presence of an interesting situation. A woman at such a moment becomes special, as if she starts to glow from the inside.
Feelings in the first days of conception, literally on the first day, become unusual. It is considered to be the surest sign of pregnancy delay monthly. In addition, you need to listen to yourself, follow the general state of health. Usually, the body itself sends certain signals, indicating that the embryo has been implanted into the uterus.
- There is a feeling of discomfort and heaviness in the lower abdomen. It seems that the uterus is filled with something. It is worth noting that everything is very individual.
- The mammary glands become just hypersensitive. Many women can not even sleep full sleep during this period. The fact is that swollen chest painfully reacts to any slightest touch.
- There is a change in the composition of vaginal discharge. At the moment of embryo consolidation, they acquire a brownish or pink hue. This indicates that fertilization has occurred.
- Active production of the hormone hCG begins. In a woman's body, a real global hormonal adjustment takes place. This hormone is responsible for the preservation of the fetus. If hCG is present in the blood, then conception exactly happened.
There is increased fatigue and slight indisposition during conception. The fact is that during this period immunity is significantly weakened, its protective functions are reduced. At first, the female body is trying to reject the embryo, making attempts to combat a certain foreign body. On average, the period of poor health lasts about eight weeks. Then comes the improvement.
There are fluctuations in body temperature. This is due to hormonal disruption, the active release of the hormone estrogen. The first two or three weeks can stably keep the temperature 37. Progesterone increases the temperature.
Early toxicosis can for some time knock out the usual rut. When conceiving a heightened sense of smell makes previously favorite dishes nasty. Taste changes several times a day.
Attention! Sometimes it happens that the above symptoms have nothing to do with pregnancy. This may indicate the possible presence of genital diseases. May also indicate intestinal abnormalities or erosion. It is necessary in any case to visit a specialist doctor.
What happens at the very beginning
The embryo is called the embryo up to 8 weeks of gestation. It is called fruit only from the 9th week. During embryonic development, it begins to take shape, characteristic of humans. The formation of organs, growth, eye and hair color is laid down by the genetic code. It is fixed in the course of evolution and laid individually in germ cells.
After the female egg merged with the sperm fertilization occurred. Then the fertilized egg ceaselessly divides, and within five days it descends along the fallopian tube into the uterus. When dividing the cell, morula, a multicellular organism, resembling a small blackberry (morus - in Latin) is formed.
After about a week, the morula is implanted in the uterine wall. There is a connection of the uterus vessels and germ cells, resulting in the formation of the placenta. Of the remaining outer cells of the morula, the umbilical cord develops. And from the cells inside will begin to form various organs of the fetus and tissue.
The process of cell division is continuous. Blastomeres are formed inside the shell. They help their enzymes to consolidate the embryo as best as possible to the wall of the uterus. On the fifth day, the ovum appears in the uterus, entrenched to the endometrium with fibers.
A week later, the level of progesterone in a pregnant woman increases significantly. This contributes to temperature fluctuations, the body temperature becomes higher. Intrauterine development of the baby is a continuous process. Neural tube formation begins on day 8-9. Also begins the development of the placenta, which will last another 12 weeks.
Throughout the entire period of carrying a child, the first trimester is considered the most dangerous. It is necessary to pay maximum attention to the expectant mother from the first days after conception.
With timely treatment to the doctor you can avoid all sorts of trouble. Therefore, do not lose sight of any suspicious symptoms.
The most common hazards are:
- ectopic pregnancy,
- non-developing (ectopic) pregnancy,
- pathological development of the fetus,
- significant threat of miscarriage.
What can cause complications
To avoid unpleasant consequences, some warning signs should not be ignored. It is a mistake to believe that everything will go away by itself. In this case, do not ignore any little thing, even if it seems insignificant. Thus it is possible to prevent undesirable consequences in time.
Most often, the occurrence of dangerous symptoms contribute to:
- alcohol abuse and smoking,
- various colds, viruses,
- painful vaginal discharge,
- pain in the pelvis
- genital infections
- excessive exercise.
In order to avoid such troubles, it is advisable to prepare yourself in advance for carrying a baby. You need to eat right, eat a lot of fresh vegetables and fruits, walnuts, dairy products. Daily walks will also bring considerable benefits to the body of the future mother.
How to determine an interesting position
The first days of delayed menstruation can excite any woman who dreams of motherhood. The sensations in the first days after conception are all manifested differently. In order to make sure one hundred percent of the fact of their pregnancy, there are several proven methods.
The first thing you should do is make an appointment with your general gynecologist. An experienced specialist during the inspection will be able to reliably establish whether the pregnancy is at 4–5 weeks. The uterus increases in size, acquires a shade of blue.
You can donate blood for the analysis of hCG. According to the level of chorionic gonadotropin, the absence or presence of pregnancy can be clearly diagnosed. The hormone begins to be actively produced by the female body after the fertilization process. At this point, its content in the blood becomes very high.
Ovulation tests are particularly popular. According to the monthly calendar, possible days of conception are determined. Everything is individual, as each woman has her own cycle. To determine the starting point of the proposed day, you must subtract 18 days from the shortest menstrual cycle. To calculate the end of the fertility period, subtract 12 days from the longest cycle. The resulting gap is the best time to conceive.
The simplest type of pregnancy check is a test. It can be purchased at any pharmacy. To date, there is a huge selection of these products. Usually on the fifth day of the delay, there is an active release of the hormone hCG. It should be remembered that on the day after conception, and on the second day of conception, the strip is unlikely to appear well. After all, the level of the hormone is still weak.
Individual feelings after conception
It is known that each expectant mother in her own way endures the initial stage of pregnancy. Many can not leave the house because of the strongest toxicosis, while others feel great. Determining which sensations are the norm is quite difficult.
It is difficult to understand whether there is a pregnancy or not immediately after conception. It's almost impossible. It is important to be able to listen to yourself, to your inner feelings and well-known female intuition.
More often than not, women who are simply obsessed with becoming a mother can feel it right away. From the moment of conception they know and firmly believe that conception has occurred. In such cases, this is what happens. And after 9 months, a happy young mother takes her baby in her arms.
Not always in the first trimester there is nausea, weakness, increased nervous irritability. It is believed that these are reliable signs of conception. This may not be the case throughout the entire gestation period. So at the very beginning it is also not a reliable sign of pregnancy.
In case of occurrence of dangerous symptoms in the form of bleeding, prolonged pain, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible. This can be very dangerous for the fetus.
For successful conception and safe delivery it’s important to start preparing yourself in advance. A positive attitude can work wonders.
Emotional background - the guarantee of health of the future mother and baby. Stress and long-term experiences not in the best way affect the health of an adult. One can only imagine what harm it can do to a fragile baby. But this is not a reason to become a recluse.
On the contrary, a pleasant social circle, walks in the fresh air will only add color to everyday life. You need to enjoy life, appreciate the pleasant moments. After all, the child needs a healthy and happy mother, radiating joy and positive.
As far as possible, try to think about pleasant things. Waiting for the child should be exciting. The lifestyle before and after should not be much different. But do not forget about your pregnancy for a minute.
Is it possible to find out if the conception happened?
After fertilization, changes in the woman’s body almost immediately begin to occur, aimed at preparing for the gestation process. The uterus is filled with blood, the endometrium changes its structure, so that the ovum is securely fixed in the shell. Almost from the first days after conception, hormones begin to change: hormones are synthesized to ensure the preservation of pregnancy and the harmonious development of the fetus.
But is it possible to notice the changes? Modern medicine has gone far, and there are many methods for determining pregnancy, and scientifically based and effective. Laboratory tests are available to women, and new equipment and high sensitivity of reagents make it possible to detect even minor fluctuations in indicators and deviations from the norms. Therefore, to establish the fact of what happened conception is quite realistic.
Some representatives of the weaker sex claim that at the instinctive or intuitive level they feel that fertilization has taken place, and literally from the first days of the development of a new life. But this is not proven and has no scientific explanation, although scientists do not deny that the sensitivity of the organism can be so high that a woman really immediately catches the changes.
Modern methods of determining pregnancy in the early stages
The video is interesting to tell how to determine pregnancy in the early stages?
To determine what conception happened, you can use modern methods for early diagnosis of pregnancy, which are used both by specialists and at home. Effective ways are listed below.
Blood test for hCG
HCG or human chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone that begins to be synthesized by the chorionic tissues after the introduction of the ovum into the lining of the uterus. As a rule, the implantation of the embryo takes place approximately 6–8 days after the merger of the egg cell with the sperm cell, and the concentration of hCG increases almost immediately. In normal non-pregnant women, the level is from 0 to 5 mU / ml.
Blood test for beta hCG.
After fertilization has already occurred during the first week, the amount increases to 25-150 mU / ml, and such a significant excess of the norms in most cases indicates a pregnancy has begun at the earliest stages. The increase in concentration is rapid: during normal development of the embryo, the concentration doubles every two days. You can take an HCG test at a antenatal clinic, a private clinic, or a laboratory.
The principle of their work is based on the determination of hCG level. Urine, in which chorionic gonadotropin is also contained in sufficient quantities, falls on the test strip. The reagent applied to it catches the excess of the norm and gives the result.
It is possible to meet on sale both the elementary standard test strips, and more modern: jet and electronic. Some manufacturers claim that pregnancy can be detected even before the delay due to the high sensitivity of the reagent, but the reliability of the results at this time does not exceed 50-70%, while after the delay it reaches 97-99%.
Ultrasound is a modern reliable hardware method for determining pregnancy, but it is not used for early diagnosis, especially before a delay. A fetal egg, fixed in the endometrium, will be clearly visible on the monitor of the ultrasound machine during the procedure, when it reaches the size of 8-10 millimeters, otherwise the specialist can confuse a small speck with the relief of the non-uniform structure of the endometrium.
Up to a centimeter, the embryo grows to around the 5th or 6th week of pregnancy (counting from the day of ovulation or fertilization), so it is impractical to carry out an ultrasound before this time to delay, and sometimes even dangerous. The fact is that for early diagnosis a transvaginal sensor is used, which fits into the vagina and is inserted into the cervix, and such interventions can be dangerous for the embryo if it does not have time to fix reliably.
Basal Temperature Measurement
According to the basal temperature indicator, some women determine ovulation, and fluctuations do reflect the changes occurring in the body. So, after the onset of pregnancy, the temperature almost always rises: if before ovulation it fluctuates within 36.4-36.5 degrees, then after fertilization it rises to 37-37.2 degrees and does not fall until the delay. But the results will be accurate and reliable, subject to compliance with all measurement rules and a stable menstrual cycle.
The first signs of what happened conception
If a woman really wants to get pregnant, then she will listen to her body in order to immediately notice any changes that indicate conception. And there are some signs that may signal that fertilization has taken place:
- Change the nature of discharge. After pregnancy, they can become more abundant, but should not have an unpleasant smell and change color.
- Implant bleeding. It occurs as a result of endometrial integrity problems during the implantation of the ovum: small capillaries burst, and a small amount of blood leaves the uterus through the vagina in the form of pinkish or brown discharge. But this feature may be absent or go unnoticed.
- Pulling pain or tension in the lower abdomen, arising from the filling of the uterus with blood, the introduction of the ovum into it, changes in the structure of the organ.
- Increased urination. Although for many it is observed later and is caused by the pressure of the bladder by the rapidly growing uterus, in the early stages a woman may begin to visit the toilet a little more often. This is due to a rush of blood to the pelvic organs.
- Early toxicosis. It is believed that it is explained by the normal reaction of the body to a foreign body, which is considered an embryo. But toxicosis often begins later - about 6-7 weeks after conception. And some future mothers and at all miss this unpleasant stage.
- Mood swings are caused by changes in hormonal levels, and he, as you know, directly affects the emotional state of women.
- Changes in the mammary glands. Under the influence of varying levels of hormones, they can swell, increase. Nipples sometimes darken and become more sensitive.
The listed signs should not be considered as clear signals of the come conception. First, sometimes they arise after a delay, when the fact of pregnancy is confirmed. Secondly, not all women notice any changes. Thirdly, symptoms can signal problems in the reproductive system of a woman or other important organs.
Determination of pregnancy before a delay: is it real?
In this video, an experienced gynecologist tells how to recognize the first symptoms of pregnancy before a delay.
Is it possible to find out if the conception happened before the delay? Theoretically, yes, but not in all cases, and there are several reasons for this. The first is the similarity of the first early symptoms of pregnancy with premenstrual syndrome. The second is the duration of the menstrual cycle and the day of ovulation. The ovum matures around the 14th day in a 28-day cycle. Conception can occur within a day after it leaves the bursting follicle. And the first changes begin after the introduction of the ovum into the lining of the uterus, and it occurs after 6-8 days, that is, approximately when the next menstruation should come. As a result, the first sign is likely to be a delay.
The third reason - the insignificance of changes in early pregnancy. They may be so inconspicuous that even determining with the help of modern scientific methods will become difficult or impossible.
To summarize. Узнать о наступлении зачатия возможно, и для этого желательно использовать современные эффективные методы диагностики.But to confirm the fact of the incident fertilization before the delay is problematic, so it is better to be patient and wait a bit so as not to be mistaken.
How does conception happen?
We didn’t want to, but it is not possible to determine with high accuracy the moment when the fertilization of the egg took place. After all, all the processes of fusion of male and female germ cells take place, even inside the female body, but completely autonomously. Therefore, the first sensations after conception, indicating the development of a new life in the womb, appear only after implantation - the attachment of an already fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus. But first things first.
During ovulation, which occurs from 12 to 24 hours, if unprotected sexual intercourse took place, the sperm of the man gets into the fallopian tubes and only 1, less often 2, of which gets to his “goal” - the egg cell. At this moment, the male and female sets of chromosomes merge, the gender and other characteristics of the child are determined, and the active division of cells, the blastomeres, begins. At this stage, the woman can only feel signs of ongoing ovulation. Therefore, to determine at this stage whether the conception took place or not, based only on sensations, is not possible from the point of view of physiology.
When the third day after fertilization of an egg comes, the embryo already consists of 6-8 cells, less often out of 10, and its genetic code is already fully formed. And it is at this stage that the development of the twins is laid. At this point, the synthesis of estrogen in the body of the expectant mother rises, which may be accompanied by a small unreasonable increase in body temperature and other symptoms of a mild cold.
4 days after conception, the embryo already has 10–16 cells. It is also worth noting that at this time it falls from the fallopian tube directly into the uterine cavity.
Between the 5th and the 7th day, the gestational egg looks for a place for a more secure attachment to the wall of the uterus. At this time, implant bleeding is possible, which occurs during the attachment of the ovum to the uterus wall, which may be accompanied by bloody discharge.
You can read more about this in one of our previous articles. Embryo implantation: features of the process, signs and precautions for preserving pregnancy.
It is impossible to determine by such secretions that the fertilized egg attached to the wall of the uterus with a 100% guarantee, but, taking into account the additional sensations that arise, it can be determined that a new life has already arisen inside the womb of the mother.
According to the incident of the week after conception, if the implantation was successful, the laying of the chorion - the placental membrane of the embryo begins. And already on the 8th day, the concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin, hCG, a hormone produced directly by the fetus’s placenta and necessary for the full development of the child and its gestation, begins to increase in the woman’s body.
It is possible to determine the concentration of gonadotropin as early as 10 days after fertilization of the egg, which can be done either with the help of home pregnancy tests, or by donating blood for a clinical analysis. As a rule, at this time delayed menstruation is already detected. In addition, it is worth noting that hCG appears in the blood earlier than in the urine, so a clinical analysis can be taken after 1-2 days of delay.
How to understand whether conception happened?
As mentioned earlier, immediately after fertilization of the egg, it is not possible to determine the fact of conception. The first signs of an “interesting position” appear only after the attachment of the ovum to the wall of the uterus. What sensations can expectant mother feel if conception passed conception successfully?
Signs of pregnancy: what are they
After implantation of a gestational egg to the wall of the uterus, the following signs may be indicated indicating pregnancy:
- Increased body temperature. Indicators on the thermometer should not be too high - no more than 37.3-37.5 ° C. This symptom is due to the increased level of hormones in the body of the future mother, which is provoked by his active restructuring for more and intensive work. Immediately it is worth saying a few words about the fact that at the onset of pregnancy also increases the basal temperature. Therefore, if a woman keeps an appropriate calendar, then by consistently high rates of BT - not lower than 37 ° C - she will be able to determine both the onset of ovulation and conception.
- In the first days after implantation, physical sensations can also become a sign of conception. For example, the change of gastronomic preferences, nausea, vomiting. But if the first sign from this is connected with hormonal restructuring, then the last two, according to many doctors, are the body's response to an increased level of toxic substances in it, to which the fetus is very sensitive, provoking the notorious toxemia.
- Vaginal discharge. After the onset of pregnancy, their number significantly increases. And if they are not accompanied by itching and unpleasant smell, they are considered the norm. Otherwise, the woman is recommended to consult a doctor, because regardless of the position of the discharge should not cause any discomfort.
- Pricking in the uterus. Such a conception symptom can last for 2 weeks from the moment of embryo implantation.
How else can conceive
In addition to the signs of pregnancy described above, there may be indirect symptoms indicating that a new life is actively developing in the woman's body.
So, some time after the embryo attaches to the uterus wall, changes in the mammary glands can be observed: they begin to increase in size, which is accompanied by an increase in their sensitivity. This symptom is associated with all the same hormonal adjustment, due to which the breast begins to actively prepare for lactation. In it new shares begin to develop, the number of cells responsible for milk production increases.
Speaking about the change of the mammary glands, it is worth noting that the onset of pregnancy can also be accompanied by a change in the parasol-like halo: it acquires a darker shade.
Strange as it may seem, cystitis may become another sign of conception. Changes in the blood flow in the uterus and small pelvis provoke changes in the urogenital system of a woman. In this case, cystitis does not occur against the background of an infectious-inflammatory process, but is a reaction of the urinary system to a change in the composition of urine, which becomes more acidic. In addition, there may be pressure from the uterus on the bladder and pain during urination.
To consider each symptom separately as a sign of conception is not recommended, but in the complex they will indicate the development of pregnancy.
Why do you need to know about the first symptoms?
If the couple is planning a pregnancy, then the knowledge of the fact that it took place will help to adapt as soon as possible to a more “safe” rhythm of life. What gives an early diagnosis of pregnancy:
- a woman may start to stick to some special fortified diet earlier:
- you can timely abandon the difficult, exhausting work and move to easier work,
- the expectant mother will try to protect herself from any stress and other situations that threaten her health and her pregnancy.
In addition, there is another option, why you need to know about the first symptoms of conception. To say that any pregnancy is desirable, it is impossible, and each of us is well aware. Some women even think about the appearance of children at this stage of their life, which may be due to a number of factors: the banal absence of a regular partner who would like to start a family, lack of financial opportunity, or pursuing other goals, for example career growth, etc.
In the event of an unwanted pregnancy, a woman can make a decision about her interruption. And the sooner she learns about the fact of conception, the less the risk of development of the consequences of such a procedure. And that is why it is very important to know what are the first signs of conception.
At the end of this publication I would like to summarize a little:
- Regardless of whether a planned pregnancy or not, knowledge of the signs of conception will help to make appropriate decisions in a timely manner.
- How to know if conception happened? You can be guided either by signs indicating the occurrence of pregnancy, or resort to using tests or pass the analysis for hCG 1-2 days after the delay of menstruation.
- It is important to understand that all signs of pregnancy are for informational purposes only and it is not recommended to judge them about the onset of conception, taking into account only one or another symptom. Only in the complex can they give a more or less reliable result.
What do you think about this? Perhaps you know other symptoms that indicate that conception occurred in the body? Share with us and our readers interesting information, which, perhaps, for someone can even be very useful! Leave your comments at the end of the post.