Health

Dryness in the intimate area with menopause: how to get rid of discomfort

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


With the onset of climacteric age in the female body, the production of the hormone estrogen gradually decreases, which entails certain consequences. Frequently accompanied by menopause is dry mucous membranes and vaginal pain. The causes of such ailments are stress, antibiotics, bad habits, lack of sex, etc. Vaginal dryness weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of developing inflammatory diseases. To improve the condition, it is necessary to choose the right moisturizers for intimate hygiene during menopause.

When buying moisturizers designed to care for the delicate area, women need to pay special attention to what is included in the product. She must:

  • contain lactic acid, which allows you to maintain an optimal balance of microflora,
  • have D-panthenol, sea buckthorn oil, herbal extracts,
  • be pH neutral
  • do not contain aromatic substances, fragrances,
  • include high fat content
  • have an antibacterial substance and vitamin E.

Intimate soap for hygiene must be liquid, so that the polymers in it do not cause irritation and are easier to wash off with water. The cream for moisturizing the intimate area should not contain dyes. As a rule, the product has a delicate delicate aroma due to the presence of natural ingredients (sage or chamomile extract). For sensitive skin that is prone to irritation, you must choose a product with aloe vera.

The modern market of caring means includes a large number of items, each of which has its own indications and application features. In addition, their price will vary greatly depending on the manufacturer. Here are some of the most popular and popular moisturizers for intimate hygiene during menopause:

Relieves pain during sexual contact. Helps eliminate dry vagina.

It has a powerful moisturizing effect. Promotes the development of natural lubrication.

It is applied only after medical examination. Contains estradiol, which eliminates dryness.

Cream for dryness in the intimate area acts gently, perfectly cares for the vaginal mucosa.

Quickly relieves burning sensation. Normalizes microflora.

When menopause, doctors recommend not to stop having sex. Regular sex life will help keep the vaginal walls in good shape. Even a few days of abstinence from intimacy can contribute to dryness and cracking of the vagina, which makes it painful for a woman to have sex. You can deal with the problem with a lubricant (lubricant), which has a low pH. The most popular on the market are the following lubricants:

Non-hormonal drug. Easily compensates for the lack of vaginal natural secretion.

Uslada. Intimate gel lubrication with menopause

Intensively moisturizes and intensively regenerates mucous membranes. It has healing properties.

Flutschi Origina. Gel lubricant

Moisturizes the vagina for a long time. Greatly facilitates sliding.

Any woman with the onset of menopause should begin to use intimate hygiene products, as well as constantly apply appropriate creams. It is better to choose products on the advice of a gynecologist. There are special hormonal drugs that perfectly moisturize the mucous membrane and stimulate the natural process of mucus production. You can choose a neutral intimate cream that helps eliminate unpleasant symptoms. List of the most popular tools:

The cream moisturizes the mucous membranes. Creates a protective film and prevents irritation.

Soothing cream with milk proteins and shea butter. Well removes irritation.

Great cream for moisturizing intimate zone. Helps to increase the elasticity of the mucous membranes.

Suppositories - a good way to moisturize the mucous membranes of the vagina. Candles differ from lubricants in that they are capable of restoring the production and secretion of vaginal mucus for a long period. Means well remove irritation and favor the renewal of the mucous membrane, while reducing signs of vulvar atrophy (burning, itching, discomfort and tension during sexual intercourse). The most popular drugs are:

Due to its moisturizing properties, it relieves from burning for a long time.

The drug treats microcracks and eliminates vaginal dryness. Improvement occurs in the first weeks after use.

Candles are an estrogen hormone of short duration. They help restore normal vaginal microflora.

How to apply moisturizers for the intimate area

When menopause is important to monitor vaginal hygiene and wash out at least twice a day. In the instructions for the use of special preparations to eliminate dryness in the intimate area, it is recommended to use them every day. Means can be applied after visiting the bath, pool, sauna. The method of use and dosage of moisturizing drugs prescribed only by a doctor. Intimate cream application scheme:

  • Before using the product, it is necessary to carry out the procedure using a gel or liquid soap with a neutral pH,
  • for this purpose it is necessary to moisten the genitals with water, then drop soap, gel, mousse or foam on the palm and lather,
  • then we transfer everything to the vagina, thoroughly massage, wash off,
  • hands should be thoroughly cleaned
  • then take the cream, squeeze on the palm,
  • evenly distributed over the vaginal mucosa,
  • for the treatment to be effective, it is necessary to insert a small amount of cream into the vagina with the tip.

Side effects and contraindications

Intimate moisturizers, as a rule, are safe for women, although you should always consult a gynecologist before using them, because individual intolerance of certain components is possible. You should carefully monitor the state of the vagina after application of the drugs, and in the case of redness, completely stop using. Caution should be used when:

  • diabetes mellitus
  • vascular disease
  • kidney and liver diseases,
  • oncological diseases.

Possible side effects:

  • headache,
  • nausea,
  • pressure increase
  • pain in the mammary glands.

Any products that help get rid of dryness, itching in the intimate area, can be cheaply purchased at a pharmacy or in specialized departments of large stores. You should choose only quality products that do not contain dyes and fragrances. The price of intimate hygiene products will depend on the manufacturer, type and volume of products. Moisturizers for intimate hygiene during menopause can be ordered and purchased from the online store. In this case, their cost may be slightly higher than at a pharmacy, since will need to pay shipping.

I liked the cream Feminel. Natural, in the composition there is lactic acid. This tool all day perfectly supports the comfort of intimate microflora. I forgot about dryness and microcracks with this cream. I use it 2 times a day and am in a full state of comfort.

Ovestin cream helped me fight tides during menopause. Before that, she was irritable, did not like everything around. The family had suffered with me for that time. Gynecologist advised to buy this cream. She began to rub it 2 times a day. For a month my condition improved, again I wanted to feel the simple joys of life.

Causes of dryness in the intimate area during menopause and treatment of this symptom + can dryness be a sign of the disease

Every woman sooner or later comes a period called menopause. At this time, she has a hormonal alteration of the body, which often entails a number of unpleasant symptoms. One of them may be the appearance of dryness in the intimate area.

When a similar symptom appears in a woman, there is a lack of self-confidence, and sometimes an unwillingness to intimacy with a loved one, and the mood in general deteriorates.

But you can get rid of dryness, and for this there are many effective methods.

Why dryness appears in the intimate area during menopause

By the age of 40-45, hormonal changes occur in the female body. Ovarian function weakens and gradually fades away completely, which leads to a gradual decrease and cessation of the production of female hormones. The lack of estrogen in the body, namely the so-called female hormones, leads to the appearance of dryness in the vagina and discomfort.

Since blood does not flow in the required amount, the genitals are reduced. The tissues begin to receive less nutrition, and this leads to a decrease in the activity of the mucous membrane, it becomes more subtle.

Read about artificial menopause here.

Stressful situation for women in such cases plays a very important role. It is stress that affects the work of many organs and systems, and if it coincides with the period of menopause, then this is another reason why the vagina remains dry.

After 40, many women have to maintain their health with all sorts of drugs. They help in maintaining health, but at the same time can also be a cause of vaginal dryness.

Of great importance are personal care products. Gels, all kinds of liquid soaps, containing various chemical dyes and flavors, are not universally tolerated equally and often cause an unforeseen reaction of the body.

Synthetic fiber underwear can cause discomfort in the intimate area. And is it worth using it if such consequences are possible?

A woman in menopause is more indifferent to sex. The desire for intimacy decreases sharply or disappears altogether. With this attitude, no lubrication is emitted, painful sensations appear during intimacy, and the mucosa can even be damaged.

Symptoms that are important to pay attention to

There are symptoms that just need to pay attention. Every woman carries them in her own way.

These are the symptoms:

  • violation of the menstrual cycle. Critical days start earlier than expected or are delayed compared to the previous month. Discharges gradually decrease in their quantity, and then completely cease,
  • increased irritability. From this state there is no rest for the woman herself, or for the people around her,
  • discomfort in temperature: it is cold, then hot. First, sweat drenches the eyes, and after a moment everything passes, as if there was nothing. May be accompanied by nausea, tachycardia, increased pressure, headache and excessive sweating,
  • there is a sudden lack of air - it becomes necessary to urgently open the windows, air vents, doors, turn on the fan to breathe. And then this symptom disappears abruptly,
  • too light and short sleep
  • performance decreases, and fatigue appears much faster, and getting harder to get rid of it.

About the reasons for the pleasant body odor with menopause, read this article.

But right away it is worth noting that not all symptoms are mandatory and not all women are found.

When to go to the doctor

More than 50% of women whose age has reached 55 years old feel an unpleasant and irritating feeling of dryness in the intimate zone. During menopause, when the walls of the vagina narrow, there is no natural lubrication, an alkaline environment forms, itching and unpleasant friction occur - all these gynecologists call atrophic vaginitis.

After 7-10 years after the onset of menopause, estrogen in the female body remains only at a rate of 20%. And this leads to the fact that in addition to reducing the size of the vagina, bleeding is also added to dryness. Such phenomena are already similar to the signs of atrophic colpitis. With this disease, the vaginal walls become less elastic and thinner, and the bladder also suffers.

Also read why there are swelling and sore joints in menopause.

First of all, the state of the patient's hormonal level is analyzed, smears are taken (to exclude cancer) and the condition of the blood is analyzed.

After examining in detail all the necessary information, the gynecologist will prescribe the necessary treatment and can prescribe pills, cream or suppositories for dryness, prescribe hormone replacement therapy, if necessary, and also give useful tips on nutrition and hygiene products.

Until complete recovery, the patient is under the close supervision of a physician. Only a trusting relationship between the gynecologist and the woman who came to him at the reception, accompanied by a speedy recovery.

Can this symptom be a sign of other diseases?

Due to the fact that everyone has a different rhythm, style and lifestyle, the physiological features of the female body also change in their own way, and, therefore, the onset of menopause may be different. For every woman, menopause begins at a certain age and passes in different ways.

But at the same time there are single symptoms that can accurately describe it:

  • violation of the menstrual cycle,
  • irritability,
  • insomnia,
  • bad mood,
  • tides
  • fatigue and sleepiness
  • apathy.

Also, there are such symptoms as a feeling of dryness, itching, friction, possible bleeding. This all can be attributed to climax. During this period, the acid-base balance is disturbed and changes occur in the tissue of the vagina.

But there are also other diseases for which similar symptoms occur:

  • infectious and fungal diseases,
  • inflammation of the urinary tract, such as cystitis,
  • diabetes of the first and second type
  • atrophic vaginitis,
  • atrophic colpitis,
  • allergic reactions, both to various medicines, and to perfumes, paints, personal care products,
  • chemotherapy,
  • neurosis, depression,
  • diseases of the kidneys, liver, thyroid gland.

Also read about the causes of pain in the breast during menopause.

Treatment of dry menopause

In order to learn the full picture, it is necessary to exclude infectious and oncological problems.

To this end, you must pass:

  • blood test,
  • hormone level analysis
  • brush strokes
  • additional tests at the discretion of the doctor.

After studying the information, the doctor, having determined the diagnosis, will be able to start treatment, relying on the basic methods of treating dryness in the intimate area.

  • drug therapy
  • the use of candles
  • use of ointments, gels and creams,
  • hormone therapy
  • folk remedies.

Today in medicine for the treatment of dry menopause, candles are widely used. They are different - hormonal and non-hormonal, but they have one goal - to help the female body recover. Candles begin to act from the moment of introduction, and their action still continues after complete dissolution.

  • Estrokad - designed to relieve itching and discomfort. The composition includes estriol,
  • Ovipol Clio - regulates acid-base balance, destroys fungi and infections. It is based on the hormone estriol,
  • Ovestin - antibacterial candles. Help the mucous to recover, relieve itching and irritation,
  • Ortho-ginest - contribute to the improvement of oxygen metabolism and DNA synthesis,
  • Estriol - remove the symptoms of dryness and burning. Do not give the opportunity to multiply pathogens,
  • Klimantol-Antikan - contain sea buckthorn oil, hops, lemon balm, valerian. Contribute to the restoration of microflora,
  • Methyluracil candles - have anti-inflammatory effect.

All of these drugs are easy and convenient to use. They begin to operate for 30 minutes. Apply them only after advice from a doctor.

To get rid of dryness in the intimate area, you can use various creams. They are used daily, introducing into the vagina. At the same time use a special applicator. This treatment course is designed for 4 weeks. Creams relieve discomfort, enhance the work of the vaginal mucosa.

When using these drugs, microflora is normalized, there is an increase in vaginal muscle tone.

For menopause, creams are used:

  • Orto-Ginest - destroys infections, restores the elasticity of vaginal tissue,
  • Estriol - normalizes alkaline balance, improves the condition of the vagina,
  • Evalgin - relieves itching and contributes to an increase in the amount of lubricant secreted by the body.

Lubricants

Lubricants are designed to moisturize the intimate zone during dryness. Such gels are used in cases where there is a lack of natural lubrication.

Hormonal gels are used to cure dry menopause:

Before the start of sex, you can use Montavit or Ginokomfort.

Folk methods

For the treatment of dry menopause, you can do baths with various herbs, drink decoctions and do douching procedures. It gives a positive effect.

Suitable for this treatment:

  • nettle,
  • chamomile,
  • calendula,
  • Veronica officinalis,
  • oregano
  • motherboard
  • boron uterus.

Infusions of them are prepared quickly and easily.

Here are some simple recipes:

  • In equal parts of 50 g boron uterus and mother is taken. Collection pour 400 g of water. Boil for 5 minutes and drink before a meal in a spoon for 2 weeks.
  • 30 g of calendula pour a glass of water. All boil, strain. Broth used for douching.
  • 60 g of motherwort poured boiling water - 500 g. Wait 3 minutes. Broth strain and use for the bath.

But resorting to traditional medicine, it is necessary to listen to the recommendations of the doctor.

Medication

To completely cure dryness in the intimate zone, hormone preparations are used:

  • Divina,
  • Klymen,
  • Hormones that are constantly used
  • Klimonorm.

In addition, homeopathy preparations are used:

They are also widely used in treatment and give good results.

Vaginal dryness with menopause: causes, symptoms, treatment

During menopause, the female body is undergoing tremendous hormonal changes. They can affect not in the best way both on the general state of health of the woman, and on separate bodies and systems. Vaginal dryness with menopause is a very common occurrence among women 45-50 years old. In order not to experience unpleasant symptoms, you need to know about the causes of dryness, methods of prevention and control.

The main causes of the problem

When dry in intimate areas, natural lubrication ceases to occur. The vagina loses its smoothness and elasticity. This is due to a gradual decrease in the functionality of the ovaries. They stop producing the hormone estrogen, and it is he who is responsible for many aspects of women's health.

When the estrogen in the body is all right, the state of the mucous membrane of the intimate area does not cause concern. If the hormone volumes decrease, thinning and vaginal drainage occur. Causes of mucosal disorders:

  • Violation of the blood flow in the internal genital organs. For this reason, the walls of the vagina do not receive sufficient nutrition, become thin and dry.
  • Stress and nervous disorders. In addition to the detrimental effect on the entire body as a whole, they also provoke dryness in the intimate zone during menopause.
  • Smoking. The use of tobacco products depletes the blood with oxygen and it does not flow to the reproductive system in the right amount.
  • Medicines. Women in the age group of menopause often take various medications. Their side effects may be the loss of moisture of the mucous membranes, including the vagina.
  • Wrong selection of hygiene products. Synthetic linen, dyes and fragrances in hygiene products exacerbate the problem of dryness.
  • Intimate life. Often, postmenopausal women lack emotions during intimacy. The lack of sensuality makes sex mechanical and reduces the production of lubricant.
to content ↑

Symptoms of dry intimate membranes

You can feel the changes in the state of the internal genital organs on the following grounds:

  • Burning and itching in the vagina. At the same time, there is no associated discharge.
  • Difficulty urinating. Going to the toilet "for small" are accompanied by painful sensations in the urethra.
  • Discomfort during sex. Lubrication during menopause is less common, which can lead to microtraumas of the vagina and unpleasant sensations during sexual intercourse.

Changes in the state of the vagina in postmenopausal disease do not occur immediately, but gradually. The changed hormonal background affects not only the urogenital system, but also the other organs of the body. Insomnia, sweating, dizziness, excessive fatigue during menopause are an addition to the unpleasant symptoms in the vaginal area.

Methods for diagnosing the state of the vaginal mucosa

Often a woman does not suspect what is associated with increased dryness of the genitals. In order to prevent a global deterioration, you need to be extremely careful about your health. Not a single alarming symptom should be missed, and at the first signs of anxiety it is necessary to see a doctor.

For accurate diagnosis, the gynecologist collects a history of finding out when the symptoms appeared and what caused them. Determine the relationship of vaginal dryness and menopausal status is often obtained already at the stage of interviewing the patient.

The next stage of diagnosis is instrumental inspection, namely:

  1. Inspection on the mirrors. Allows you to detect the presence of dryness, secretions, microcracks. You can also detect inflammatory processes and related diseases. The vagina with menopause is particularly susceptible to pathogens.
  2. Colposcopy. The procedure is carried out with the help of a special device - a colposcope. It enlarges the image of the vaginal membrane several times. This inspection allows you to identify nuances that are not visible during a routine inspection.

For more information you need to pass the tests. They can be both general and special.

How to treat?

Selected treatment should not only solve the problem of dryness, but also eliminate the cause of unpleasant symptoms. Therapy can be both medicinal and popular.

To treat dryness in the intimate area during menopause is recommended by such means: hormonal and non-hormonal therapy, taking vitamins and exercise, treatment of folk remedies.

These include vaginal suppositories. The most popular hormonal drugs that eliminate dryness:

  • Ortho-ginest. Using these candles for menopause, you can easily restore the microflora of the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix.
  • Ovestin. It is recommended to use ovestin candles for menopause to restore hormonal and microflora of the vaginal walls.

  • Estrokad. It improves the secretion of the vagina, stimulates the production of natural lubricant.

Almost all candles from dryness in the vagina contain the substance estriol. It improves the production of estrogen, thereby contributing to vaginal hydration.

Non-hormonal suppositories are widely used in gynecology. They are appointed in case of intolerance to a woman of a certain type of hormones. These tools include feminel and Vagikal.

A good alternative to hormonal drugs will be homeopathic remedies. These include drugs Cyclodinone (Klimadinon) and Cycatridine. Hilauronic acid in their composition will accelerate the regeneration of mucosal tissues.

Gels and ointments against dryness

Another effective remedy is gel for dry menopause. You need to use the gels before bedtime, placing the applicator, lubricated with the agent, into the vagina. The following drugs are considered popular:

Intimate cream and ointment, as well as moisturizing oils with various vitamins, have the same effect. Placed in the vagina, such funds flow down the walls, moisturizing them. In this list, the drug Ginokomfort is well established. It contains tea tree oil and mallow. It also contains panthenol, chamomile and lactic acid.

Not the last role in matters of moisture intimate places is played by sex life. Regular sex contributes to the development of lubrication and improve women's health. If the vagina is not moistened for some reason, gel lubrication will come to the rescue. Especially effective lubricants for menopause - Uslada and Montavit. They have not only moisturizing, but also antiseptic.

Using means for moistening, you should not forget about normalization of the microflora of the vaginal mucosa. To maintain the pH level suitable drugs in the form of tablets (Ecofemin) and ointments (calendula). The probiotic action of these drugs will improve the effects of essential drugs. Physiotherapy treatment and taking vitamins will be equally useful for vaginal dryness. Vitamins A and E have a good healing and moisturizing effect. In large quantities they are contained in Aevit and Aquital preparations. Physical activity should be focused on improving blood flow in the muscles of the pelvis. The most effective exercise of this kind is to lift the pelvis from a prone position.

Traditional medicine in the treatment of vaginal dryness

Recipes of traditional medicine are very relevant when dealing with issues of hydration.

Take these or other folk remedies must be strictly prescribed by a doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable.

Especially for women experiencing dryness and burning in the vagina, the following folk remedies are recommended:

  1. Daily washing with a decoction of chamomile and train. On a liter of boiled water take 5 tablespoons of chamomile and 2 spoons of the series. Insist about 10 minutes.
  2. Use of sea buckthorn. Produced in the form of oil, sea buckthorn will have a positive effect on the mucous membrane. A cotton swab is richly moistened with sea buckthorn oil and placed in the vagina for 20 minutes.

Herbal therapy is also permissible. Especially proven such plants:

    Nettle. The leaves of the plant in the amount of 2 tablespoons crushed and brewed in boiled water. The resulting broth is taken 2-3 times a day.

Nettle is very effective in treating vaginal dryness.

  • Borovaya uterus and the mother. For decoction take one spoon of each plant. Pour two glasses of boiling water and insist about an hour. Take the drug in small doses throughout the day. Acceptance of such funds should not be frequent - once a week will be enough.

  • to content ↑

    Prevention of dryness

    Unpleasant symptoms in the form of dryness and burning can be avoided. It is enough to follow simple prevention rules:

    • Intimate hygiene during menopause should take a special place. Washing away should be gentle. It is better not to use irritating means for intimate hygiene, to limit the use of soap.
    • The right choice of toilet paper. It should be soft, white, without dyes and fragrances.
    • Wearing quality linen. It is necessary to give preference to products from natural fabrics. Change linen should be regular.
    • Refusal of aggressive detergents. Powders, rinses, conditioners should not be used. Wash clothes should be a means with the most simple composition.

    Life after menopause does not stop, as some women mistakenly believe. During this period it is very important not to fall into depression. It is necessary to devote time to the prevention of vaginal dryness and other symptoms of menopause. Optimal treatment and competent care are guaranteed to improve well-being. A positive attitude will help to easily endure the inconvenience of the climacteric state.

    Dry menopause in the intimate area: causes, symptoms and treatment

    Many women experience dryness in the intimate area during menopause. Due to the reduction in estrogen levels, the vaginal tissue dries out and becomes thinner. Not only sex, but also daily movements can lead to pain, burning, itching and microtrauma. Recommendations of specialists will help to overcome dryness in menopause and restore harmony in life.

    About 60% of women in menopause experienced dry skin and vaginal atrophy. Especially unpleasant sensations cause vaginal dryness during menopause, pain during intercourse and constant itching. Often these symptoms appear 4-5 years after menopause.

    Vaginal dryness triggers a hormonal imbalance, or rather, a deficiency of the female sex hormone estrogen. In the mucous surface of the vagina, blood circulation is disturbed, changes in the cellular structure occur, which reduce the elasticity of its walls, and the cervix produces less mucus. In addition, the lack of estrogen affects the increase in the pH balance of vaginal fluids, which makes the internal environment of the vagina more susceptible to infections.

    The characteristic symptoms of vaginal atrophy include:

    • dry vagina and labia,
    • itch
    • microcracks of the vaginal membrane,
    • pain during intercourse,
    • vaginitis
    • burning when driving, for example, while walking or cycling.

    In addition, dryness can be felt in the urethra and bladder, which is also associated with reduced blood flow, loss of elasticity and muscle activity in the urinary tract. Frequent infections and urinary incontinence can result from estrogen deficiency. The same deficit underlies dryness in menopause, which is associated with a significant decrease in saliva production.

    The skin also does not do without the ubiquitous sex hormone. Thanks to estrogen, it maintains elasticity and sufficient moisture of the skin, it is protected from aging. Changes occur due to insufficient effects on skin estrogen receptors and stimulation of collagen synthesis. It also reduces the number of blood capillaries in the surface layers of the skin due to reduced blood flow. The largest number of receptors is found in the skin of the face, chest and hip area. That is why during menopause, dry skin is felt primarily in these places. The skin begins to age quickly, it becomes flabby and thin, wrinkles appear.

    Treatment of dry menopause

    Without treatment, the unpleasant symptoms tend to persist or even worsen. This can lead to a significant deterioration in the quality of life, including in relationships with the opposite sex.

    To relieve typical symptoms, such as vaginal dryness, local hormone therapy is performed using ointments or vaginal creams containing a natural estrogen - estriol. After three weeks of treatment, the vaginal tissues can regenerate, thicken and become more hydrated. Thus, the internal environment of the vagina comes to normal. This method of therapy has the lowest risk of side effects, as it has a local effect inside the vagina in small doses.

    Also found to be widely used for the treatment of dry menopause are homeopathic preparations based on a plant extract from the roots of cimicifuga, such as Klimadinon or Klimaktoplan. These drugs have a receptor-modulating effect on the body, stabilize the endocrine system.

    Another way to combat dry menopause is diet therapy. Your diet should be enriched with vitamins, foods with a high content of fiber and protein, increase fluid intake. Some foods contain phytoestrogens. In large quantities, they are in the seeds of flax and soybeans.

    Doctors give several recommendations of a hygienic nature:

    • In premenopause, when you still have menstruation, try to use tampons as little as possible, replace them with gaskets. This will reduce the vulnerability of the vagina during menopause.
    • For daily intimate hygiene clean enough warm water. Lotions, soaps, vaginal showers unduly irritate the sensitive sheath of the vagina.
    • Too tight panties made of synthetic fibers contribute to a significant increase in temperature in the groin, which only increases the feeling of discomfort in the vagina. Prefer cotton underwear.

    • Intimate life with menopause
    • Climax at an early age
    • How to ease menopause

    If all methods have been tried, but there is no result, then you need to think about hormone replacement therapy. To exclude possible side effects, careful selection of drugs and their short reception is necessary.

    Before menopause

    Where does vaginal dryness in menopause come from, and why is it not at the age of 20–45 (if the problem is present at this age, it indicates pathology and requires the most responsible approach to treatment)? The answer to the last question can be summarized in two points.

      1. The circulatory system slows down. At the age of active reproduction, the female genitals actively feed, with blood all the necessary elements and vitamins are promptly delivered. The integuments of the organs of the urogenital system are saturated with oxygen - their cells are quickly updated, constantly enhancing the processes occurring in the ovaries.
      2. The ovaries - the zone of production of the main female hormone - actively produce estrogen. It is responsible for the elasticity of the tissues and the protection of the vagina with slightly acidic mucus, a lubricant that simultaneously maintains the state of the vulva, providing comfort during sexual intercourse.

    The secretion of the lubricant at the age of 20–45 years not only provides comfort, but also protects the organs from the penetration of infections, promotes rapid removal of toxins, potentially dangerous elements.

    What happens during menopause

    With the onset of menopause, the body changes - the reproductive function begins to "fade out", resulting in:

    • dramatically reduces the secretion of mucus / lubricant,
    • genitals are slower updated due to changes in the circulatory system,
    • mucous membranes shrink,
    • tissues of organs and protective covers lose their elasticity, become thinner,
    • due to the thinning of the tissues of the organs, the nerve endings located in the epithelium become bare, sensitivity increases.

    Vaginal dryness is associated with a lack of moisture. The mucous membrane - the main protective barrier - becomes dry, loses its natural smoothness, which causes pronounced discomfort.

    Symptoms of changes in the reproductive system of women after 45

    The main reason for this process is a gradual decrease in the level of the female hormone produced by estrogen. It is responsible for the production of elastin, which ensures the smoothness and elasticity of tissues, the emotional background and the support of all vital organs. As a result, in addition to the main effect (dry menopause), the woman observes:

    • depressed libido,
    • moving emotionality
    • sweating
    • приливы (кровь спонтанно прибывает к лицу, шее, груди, вызывая перепады давления, тремор, жар),
    • снижение работоспособности (на фоне эмоциональной перегрузки и физического переутомления).

    Gradually reducing the function of the body to regenerate exacerbates the general condition - infections penetrate into the poorly protected tissues of the organs of the genital system (urological, gynecological, intestinal). The lack of moisturizing lubricants negatively affects the state of the tissues - thinned vaginal walls are covered with microcracks, which provoke the main symptoms of menopause - the burning effect, itching, soreness in the vagina.

    According to statistics, the listed clinical picture is observed by more than 70% of women aged 45-50 years. In more than 60% of cases, this leads to the development of an apathetic state, the rejection of regular sex life. The latter can provoke serious pathologies, both psychological and physical.

    Complications without treatment

    In medicine, the complex of symptoms — natural but uncomfortable sensations — during menopause is called vaginitis or colpitis (age / atrophic / senile). Being similar in symptomatology with a pathological condition, vaginitis requires special care. Otherwise, there is a growing risk of transition from natural discomfort to pathogenic, the development of serious complications.

    What can the lack of care for the decaying reproductive system in women? The most frequent consequences are:

    • erosion of the cervix and other delicate membranes,
    • urological diseases (infectious, bacterial), accompanied by thinning of the walls of the bladder, painful urination, incontinence,
    • fungal damage to the tissues of the vagina and uterus (the acid balance is shifted to an alkaline environment, which creates a favorable environment for the development of bacteria and spores),
    • inflammatory processes (gynecology, urology),
    • the risk of cysts, tumor-like bodies is increasing.

    How important is prevention

    In the practice of eliminating dryness in the vagina with menopause, regular examination by a gynecologist takes the first place. This is important because age-related changes and the accumulated effect (medication, bad habits) can cause the development of dangerous diseases during menopause. It should be understood that such dangerous pathologies as can be “hidden” behind age discomfort:

    Estrogen deficiency affects the general state of immunity - the body's ability to resist infections is reduced, the regenerative function slows down. The immune system needs support from the outside. Due to slower metabolism, healing also slows down. All of these are reasons to pay special attention to your health during menopause.

    How to eliminate discomfort?

    From the dryness of the intimate area during menopause, another unpleasant effect is possible. Being a pronounced discomfort, it strongly affects the agile psyche of a woman. Therefore, it is necessary to eliminate it first.

    It is worth starting with a specialist examination. This is a prerequisite that determines the effectiveness of first aid. Why?

    1. A gynecologist will help you choose hygienic treatments suitable for a particular woman.
    2. Examination will reveal existing diseases (at an early stage).
    3. It is possible to track the development of negative processes in order to quickly respond to dangerous symptoms and prevent characteristic age-related female diseases.
    4. The correct selection of drugs to eliminate dryness will allow you to resume intimate life, which at this stage is of great importance for women.
    5. A qualified consultation will prevent actions that may aggravate the situation.

    What you can not do when uncomfortable? The use of hormonal drugs (without prior examination and participation in their selection of a doctor) is extremely undesirable and even dangerous. For the period of vaginitis, it is advisable to refuse douching (especially with soap solutions), taking antibiotics, diuretics, drugs for pressure correction.

    It is important to choose high-quality natural linen (in size and without synthetics). The choice of intimate hygiene products should be stopped on chamomile, aloe, kolanchoe gels - they moisturize the mucous membranes, wash well, accelerate the healing of microcracks and have an antiseptic effect.

    Hormone therapy for vaginal dryness


    Therapy for vaginal dryness is selected individually and depends entirely on the nature of the discomfort experienced, the condition of the woman, the period of the climateric stage. With a significant manifestation of negative factors may require hormone replacement treatment.

    The complex of such a program (using hormonal agents) may include:

    • Hormonal vaginal suppositories for menopause. They are selected by the doctor, are administered (usually) once a day. The benefit of this treatment is the body’s rapid response to the restoration of estrogen levels. Candles act locally (only in the area of ​​introduction). Installed in the vagina with a special applicator or without it. Under the influence of temperature, hormonal suppositories quickly dissolve, replacing the scarce lubricant and its own estrogen. Examples of such drugs - Ovestin, Estrokad, Estriod and others.
    • Hormonal gel This is Ovestin, Divigel, Dermestril. Applied to the walls of the vulva, act quickly, dosed out individually. Application is usually prescribed once a day before bedtime.
    • Hormonal cream for regular intimate hygiene during menopause. Sparing means that does not act immediately, but gives a cumulative effect.
    • Hormonal ring. Conditionally radical method of drug treatment. The ring is installed only by a doctor. The principle of the drug is simple: when it comes into contact with tissues, the ring gives estriol, a type of estrogen, replenishing the deficiency of the natural female hormone. The effect of this treatment is delayed, but it is usually the longest.

    All hormonal drugs are prescribed only in the presence of acute discomfort in women. Hormone replacement therapy must be strictly justified. In all cases, the use of drugs need individual dosage. After a month of application of candles, creams, gel, it is recommended to reduce their volumes. With significant discomfort, increased sensitivity, severe painful dryness in the vagina, the doctor may recommend oral hormone preparations.

    Useful additives in the composition: vitamins A and E, extracts of calendula, aloe, chamomile (healing micro cracks), lactic and hyaluronic acid. The preparation should not have a bright color or strong aromatized smell.

    Non-hormonal products and lubricants

    The use of hormone therapy is considered a serious treatment. In most cases, women with menopause with non-hormonal candles for dryness in the vagina are suitable for menopause. Such preparations are made on a plant-based basis and contain an analogue of plant estrogen - estriol, estradiol, estrone. Examples of phytomeans - Tsikatridina, Vagikal, Feminella.

    The form of such funds is not limited to suppositories. It can be creams, lubricants, candles. A separate group is the lubricants (Flutschi Origina, Montavit gel) - lubricant during menopause. They are used during sexual intercourse to relieve discomfort and perfectly compensate for the lack of their own mucous mass.

    If you are allergic to pharmacological agents, you can replace them with olive oil or calendula oil. In addition to topical preparations, folk remedies are useful for menopause. This bath and oral intake of decoctions of herbs. For washing away it is good to use infusions and decoctions of motherwort, boron uterus, motherboard, nettle. For use inside recommended to insist cocktails from the series, licorice, arnica, ginseng, sage. The composition is chosen individually, as well as therapeutic gel or candles.

    Optimizing the diet and controlling water intake during this period is especially important. It is useful to eat fish (Omega-3), fatty dairy products, tomatoes, eggplants, and fruits. Drink - from 2 liters of pure water (without gas, room temperature) daily.

    Causes of menopause

    The period of menopause begins in women aged 45 to 55 years and can last from 10 to 15 years. This is an irreversible process; in no way can it be avoided. During this time, the female body undergoes many changes, in particular:

    • Hormonal background is violated (the hormone progesterone and estrogen are no longer produced),
    • Reproductive function is no longer implemented
    • Ovarian function is impaired (due to hormonal deficiency),
    • Menstruation disappears,
    • Sexual desire decreases, libido decreases,
    • The skin on the face becomes wrinkled,
    • Neurological symptoms appear (the woman becomes nervous, irritable, sometimes even aggressive, she is worried about the feeling of fear)
    • Tides are disturbed (a sharp increase in body temperature to 38 degrees, after which chills ensue),
    • Increased perspiration,
    • General deterioration of well-being,
    • Reducing the protective functions of the body (a woman in the period of menopause is sick more often than it did before this period).

    Causes of vaginal dryness

    The vagina becomes dry due to the fact that during menopause in a woman the female hormones stop producing at the required level. In addition, by the age of 50, the vagina changes its anatomical shape, it becomes several times smaller. As a result, the blood flow to this area decreases, the mucous membrane tissues do not receive the necessary nutrition and cease to produce mucus.

    Searing, itching, burning of the vagina begins in a woman under the influence of severe stress, as well as on the background of taking supporting medications that are prescribed to women during menopause. In addition, if a woman does not comply with hygiene, wears synthetic underwear and uses regular soap that drains skin instead of gel or cream for intimate hygiene, then vaginal dryness is an inevitable phenomenon. In addition, on the release of lubrication of the vulva, plays the role of active sex life. Accordingly, the less it is, the less grease will be allocated. Remember that the period of menopause is not a reason to refuse intimate intimacy.

    Dryness of the intimate area is manifested by such symptoms as:

    • Unpleasant itching of the vulva,
    • Itching inside the vagina,
    • Itching of the labia,
    • Painful intercourse due to lack of lubrication in the vagina,
    • In the absence of timely therapy - the formation of wounds, cracks in the mucous membrane of the vagina,
    • Inflammation, infection of wounds in the vagina due to increased dryness and lack of protective lubricant,
    • Vaginitis
    • The development of vulvovaginal atrophy,
    • There are small wounds on the surface of the vagina, which bleed and suckling stands out from them - an unpleasant and painful phenomenon.

    As a rule, a woman during menopause refuses intimacy not only because of a decrease in sexual desire, but also because it hurts (lack of lubricant leads to painful coition, it is necessary to use special lubricants).

    Treatment of vaginal dryness should take place in combination - the use of hormone therapy, hygiene, the transition to lubricants and lubricants during sex, the use of homeopathic medicines, folk remedies.

    Hormone therapy

    During menopause, it is recommended to use for normalization of hormonal background and replenishing the deficiency of the hormone estrogen,:

    • Vaginal rings - they secrete a dose of the hormone estrogen and normalize well-being, as well as eliminate the unpleasant symptom in the form of vaginal dryness,
    • Use of vaginal gel dermestril, climar,
    • Introduction to the vagina of vaginal tablets or suppositories: Ovipol, Klimaxan, Estrokad, Ovipol Clio, Orto-Ginest, Estriol.

    Homeopathic remedies

    They are based on natural medicinal plants containing phytoestrogens in the form of a boron uterus, sage, oregano, hops, red brush. Such drugs are: Klimadinon, Tsikatridin, Tsiklodinon.

    Nutrition

    In the diet can include foods that contain phytoestrogens: soybeans, legumes, broccoli.

    Folk methods

    When vaginal dryness, it is recommended to apply decoctions and herbal extracts:

    • Collection of nettle, oregano, calendula, chamomile, mullein (each component should be taken in 2 tablespoons) and pour 500 ml of boiled water, simmer for 40 minutes, cool, strain and take 50 ml 3 times a day after food intake.
    • Grass boron uterus - 2 tbsp. It is poured with 1 liter of boiling water and taken as a herbal tea during the day.
    • Medicinal baths with motherwort tincture: make a decoction - 3 tbsp. dry grass, take 2 liters of water and insist 2 hours. After pouring broth into a hot bath and take it for 15 minutes. The same baths can be made with celandine.
    • Compliance with the drinking regime - you must avoid dehydration in the body, you need to drink 2-3 liters of water a day.

    Vaginal dryness is a phenomenon that can be prevented or cured at an early stage. It is enough to consult a gynecologist in time, start using hormonal preparations, or start treatment of vaginal itching and dryness with folk remedies. You should not avoid a full-fledged sex life because of this problem, you can use special lubricants and lubricant gels.

    general information

    The climacteric period is characterized by the occurrence of various abnormal processes. Dryness in the vaginal area is often combined with atrophic vaginitis. For this pathological process is characterized by a decrease in the mucous membrane of the genital organs. If the amount of natural vaginal lubrication is insufficient, it can cause injury to the mucous membrane during sexual contact. The microtraumas that appeared on this background are easily infected.

    The main trigger factor is a decrease in the blood level of sex hormones - estrogen. Another provocateur are atrophic changes in the ovaries. In addition, menopause is characterized by a change in emotional state. Strong stress and constant experiences can also cause dryness.

    Other causes of dryness include:

    • taking certain medications
    • incorrect lifestyle,
    • sexual contact.

    Taking medication

    During menopause, women are given medicines, which are also used to get rid of the symptoms of a gynecological disease. Drug therapy is carried out under the strict supervision of a specialist. Drugs are prescribed only after establishing an accurate diagnosis and determining the root cause. For women prescribed antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs.

    If the infection is provoked by this condition, the woman is prescribed such means that contribute to the resuscitation of muscular elasticity. The most effective drugs are considered Klimadinon and tsikatridina. These antiseptic drugs have a powerful anti-fungal effect.

    Features of hormone replacement therapy

    This unpleasant condition is susceptible to HRT. Many drugs show the highest results and are popular.

    If the anomaly was triggered by an estrogen deficiency, the doctor undertakes to prescribe estrogen therapy. It involves the use of:

    • vaginal ringlets,
    • vaginal tablets,
    • vaginal creams.

    The vaginal ring is inserted into the vagina. As long as it is present inside, there is an estrogen supply to the vaginal tissues. It is recommended to change such a ring once a trimester.

    The use of vaginal tablets contributes to the relief of not only vaginal dryness, but also other unpleasant sensations. The first 14 days this tool should be used every day. After this period, the use of tablets 2 times in 7 days is allowed.

    The introduction of the inside of the cream is carried out using an applicator. Further distribution of funds occurs naturally. After this, a therapeutic effect appears.

    What candles are recommended to use

    Dryness in the intimate area with menopause can be eliminated with the help of special vaginal suppositories. Doctors recommend using the following moisturizing candles:

    Candles Ovestin differ in the presence of the hormone substance Estriol. Their use contributes to the resuscitation of the vaginal mucosa and improve microflora. After an increase in immunity, an improvement in the quality of the vaginal environment is observed.

    When carrying a fetus to use this tool is not recommended. Another serious contraindication is the presence of an estrogen-sensitive cancer tumor. It is not recommended to use Ovestin and those ladies who have thromboembolism. In the absence of contraindications, it is recommended to put one candle every day. The duration of the therapeutic course is 7 days. If necessary, it can be extended.

    Candles Estrokad contribute to the restoration of vaginal tissue. The penetration of the active substance is carried out for 120 minutes. It is recommended to use this drug no more than once a day. The course of treatment lasts 14 days.

    Estriol suppositories are prescribed to correct the condition provoked by the estrogen deficiency in the body. The maximum concentration can be detected within 120 minutes after using the drug. It is recommended to use candles on 1 piece every day. The dosage may gradually decrease. Делать это нужно только после консультации доктора. Преимущество этого препарата заключается в том, что вероятность передозировки крайне низка.

    Использование гелей и кремов

    Moisturizing is carried out by means of special gels and creams. They are used in symptomatic therapy that does not affect the hormones. Usually women are assigned lubricants, having in its composition analogues of female sex hormones. More often a woman is prescribed use:

    The effect of these drugs is prolonged.

    The most effective hormonal remedy is Divigel. He is appointed only after the diagnosis. Its use contributes to the disappearance of discomfort and an increase in local immunity. Negative manifestations of this tool does not cause.

    During menopause, most women prefer to use “Vagilak”. The use of this gel helps to get rid not only of vaginal discomfort, but also from painful sensations. Acid-base balance is normalized due to lactic acid in the gel.

    For prophylactic purposes, the woman is prescribed the use of Ginofit gel. Also, this tool helps to quickly stop itching and normalize the microflora. This has a positive effect on local immunity.

    For the production of hormones appointed cream "Estriol". Also, its use affects the acid-base balance and improves the production of lubricant. Improved local immunity does not allow infection inside.

    Features of folk therapy

    To eliminate menopausal symptoms are often used folk remedies. Replacing the “grandmother's” therapy with the main treatment is not recommended. A good result can only be obtained if folk remedies are used with medicines. Traditional medicine suggests:

    • use herbal decoctions,
    • use of special tampons,
    • douches and baths.

    Folk remedies help get rid of such an unpleasant symptom, like dry mouth during menopause.

    Change lifestyle

    A woman in a “dangerous” age should radically reconsider her lifestyle. A woman's diet should include healthy plant foods. Alcohol, fatty foods and smoked foods are not recommended in the mouth. It is very important to drink 2 liters of high-quality liquid every day. This helps to increase the elasticity of mucosal tissues.

    A woman's menu must necessarily include polyunsaturated fatty acids.

    Improved skin tone contributes to the use of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. It is also recommended to eat red fish and walnuts.

    Hygiene products should not contain dyes and fragrances. Synthetic underwear is recommended to replace natural.

    Pin
    Send
    Share
    Send
    Send