One of the signs of menopause is dry skin. With menopause, every woman faces this problem. Consider the causes of this pathology and its treatment.
Menopause is characterized by significant hormonal changes in the body. During this period, there is a sharp decrease in the production of estrogen by the ovaries, which leads to a violation of the production of glucosaminoglycans. This leads to a decrease in the synthesis of collagen, as one of the main components of beautiful and healthy skin.
According to medical statistics during the first five years of menopause, you can lose up to 30% of the protein responsible for the health and elasticity of the epidermis. In postmenopausal women, this rate is about 2% per year. Collagen fibers form the skeleton of the skin. Between the fibers is hyaluronic acid, which retains water, maintaining normal moisture. Lack of estrogen leads to the fact that collagen fibers merge, that is, the tissue loses its elasticity and elasticity. Estrogen deficiency leads to a decrease in the number of blood vessels and a decrease in fat production by the sebaceous glands.
The face, chest and pelvic region suffers most from estrogen and elastin deficiency. That is, changes in these areas during menopause are inevitable. To minimize the pathological process, you need to contact a dermatologist, endocrinologist and cosmetologist. The help of a nutritionist who will make up a diet that fills the deficiency of substances responsible for the health of the skin is also needed.
Causes of dry skin during menopause
All causes of dry skin during menopause are associated with hormonal changes that trigger a reduced production of estrogen and other substances. Consider the main factors that transform a smooth, elastic skin into dry and flaky:
- Decreased estrogen level - during menopause, the amount of hormone produced decreases, which negatively affects the condition of the epidermis. Estrogen affects the amount of fat produced that moisturizes the skin. Its reduction leads to a decrease in moisture and the appearance of dryness.
- Collagen deficiency - decrease in estrogen leads to a decrease in collagen. This substance is responsible for the elasticity and smoothness of the fabric. In violation of the balance of fat and collagen, the skin is aging rapidly and is more prone to dryness and flaking.
- Bad habits - smoking and alcohol adversely affect the entire body, but especially on the skin. This leads to a weakening of the barrier responsible for normal humidity.
- Long stay in the sun - menopause is a bright sign that the time spent under ultraviolet rays should be minimized. It is also necessary to use additional methods of sun protection that prevent the loss of moisture.
- Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs when a thyroid hormone deficiency occurs. Pathology leads to dryness of the skin on the entire body, and especially in the elbows. The disease is accompanied by increased drowsiness, hearing impairment, nail layering, brittleness and tarnishing of hair.
- Diabetes mellitus is a disease with a lesion of the endocrine system and a violation of all types of metabolism. With this pathology, the skin is especially dry in the area of skin folds and face.
- Stress - with a long stay of the body in a state of stress, a number of pathologies arise from various organs and systems. There are nausea, epigastric pain, chills, fever, feeling of lack of air. Frequent stress leads to neurological disorders and loss of a large amount of moisture, which negatively affects the state of the body, provoking its dryness.
- Hypovitaminosis - with a deficiency in the body of vitamins A and there is dryness, peeling and itching. Similar is observed in dystrophic conditions.
- Chronic intoxication is a pathological condition that arises due to prolonged exposure to the body of toxic substances. All systems and organs, including the skin, are affected.
In addition to the above reasons, dry skin with menopause may be associated or exacerbated by such factors as:
- Dermatological diseases - most often xerosis is associated with psoriasis or scaly deprive. Both diseases are of a chronic nature and are not contagious. Occur due to a violation of the endocrine or nervous system, as well as a failure in metabolism. The skin is dry and inflamed, swelling and peeling.
- Atopic dermatitis is a chronic allergic disease that occurs in people with a predisposition to atopy. The disease is not contagious, but it has a relapsing course. The epidermis is dry and thickened, there are crusts at the scratching sites.
- Eczema is a chronic inflammatory disease with an acute course. Pathology has an allergic nature and is not contagious to others. The skin is dry, itchy, peeling and rashes.
- Hair keratosis is a hereditary disease in which the epidermis is dry, hard and rough. The limbs, back and abdomen are most affected.
- Seborrhea - dandruff is a pathological condition of the skin. Occurs due to dysfunction of the sebaceous glands and changes in the composition of their secret.
Loss of elasticity can be caused by frequent bathing in hot water, medication, seasonal factors and climate change. Dryness of the body occurs with inflammatory and allergic diseases, due to the excessive use of cosmetics and alkaline soap, with violations of the gastrointestinal tract.
The mechanism of development of this pathology, like dry skin in the period of menopause, depends on many factors. Pathogenesis is associated with hormonal changes. Due to estrogen deficiency, collagen and elastic fiber production is reduced. Collagen is a special protein necessary to maintain the normal structure and elasticity of the epidermis. It provides self-healing of skin tone, prevents the appearance of wrinkles.
To replace estrogen during menopause and related pathologies, hormone therapy is used. This treatment is called HRT and has a high risk of developing breast cancer. As for the skin, about 38% of women taking hormones, confirmed the improvement of the epidermis after such therapy.
Symptoms of dry skin with menopause
Pathological manifestations of hormonal changes in the body associated with menopause develop gradually. Symptoms of dry skin with menopause are progressive.
Signs of a dermatological problem:
- Skin rough to the touch
- Skin pattern is pronounced
- After water treatments there is a strong tightness.
- Redness and irritation
Increased dryness can cause deep cracks that cause pain and bleed. Dry skin reacts to the slightest irritation and is very sensitive. Due to the loss of elasticity, peeling plates appear, deep wrinkles are formed. The cover becomes rough, there is a risk of developing erythema and hyperkeratosis. Without proper treatment of xerosis, atrophy of the skin is possible, and both the epidermis and the dermis. So serious changes are dangerous transition in trophic ulcers.
Changes in the skin during menopause has a number of characteristic symptoms. The first signs of a pathological condition are most often manifested by a change in the condition of the face, chest, hands, and thighs. Without proper care, loss of elasticity leads to flaking, itching, irritation and other unpleasant sensations.
Due to the increased dryness, when pressed on any part of the fingerprint remains, which takes a relatively long time. Small cracks appear, pores are almost imperceptible, peeling of skin flakes is possible. Discomfort is aggravated after taking a hot bath, as tension appears. Such signs do not appear alone, causing severe discomfort.
Complications and consequences
Loss of elasticity of the skin during menopause leads to a number of problems. The consequences of this pathology are manifested by the following symptoms:
- Change in thermoregulation due to increased sweat production.
- Due to the reduced ability of the skin to retain water, itching, peeling, cracks.
- The aging process is accelerated, wrinkles appear.
- The skin becomes thinner, there are atrophic changes.
- Increases the risk of exacerbation of skin diseases.
- Vitamin D production decreases.
- Violates the rate of wound healing.
Menopausal changes lead to a violation of the protective properties of the skin, increasing the risk of infection. Cosmetic changes adversely affect self-esteem and psyche. Because of this, depressive disorders, loss of self-confidence and quality of life disorders can develop during menopause.
Xerosis in menopause can lead to serious consequences. Complications manifested by such diseases:
- Cellulitis is an acute inflammation of the connective tissue of the epidermis that occurs due to bacterial or infectious pathogens.
- Atopic dermatitis, eczema - a pathological condition with redness, inflammation and cracking of tissues.
- Folliculitis - inflammation of the hair follicle, which is characterized by hyperemia and puffiness. A purulent nodule pierced by hair may form at the site of injury.
The above complications are formed due to improper care of the body or in its absence. Painful symptoms are associated with a weakening of the protective functions of the skin and age-related hormonal changes in the female body.
Diagnosis of dry skin with menopause
To establish the cause of xerosis, that is, the loss of elasticity of the epidermis, it is necessary to conduct a series of examinations. Diagnosis of dry skin with menopause is based on a physical examination and study of medical history. Age-related climacteric changes are associated with reduced hormone production. If there are suspicions of dermatological diseases in the period of menopause, then a complex of additional studies is prescribed:
- Visual inspection
- History taking
- Blood chemistry
If dryness is accompanied by allergic conditions, epicutane and intracutaneous skin tests are performed. When xerosis with dermatoses bacteriological, serological and virological tests are shown. Histological examination may also be prescribed. If necessary, conduct laboratory and instrumental diagnostics.
With severe dryness of the skin, a series of studies and tests are conducted aimed at determining the cause of the pathological condition. If the disorder is associated with hormonal changes in the female body, then such tests are prescribed to detect menopause:
- The level of FSH - follicle-stimulating hormone with an active menopause increases. This indicator indicates a violation of the synthesis of estrogen.
- Estradiol is the main hormone estrogen, which is responsible for the strength of bone tissue and the condition of the skin. Its deficiency causes a number of pathological changes.
- The level of LT - luteinizing hormone is involved in the creation of an egg in the follicle and affects ovulation. With menopause, its values are increased.
- Progesterone - a decrease in its level indicates the beginning of menopause, during the first 2-3 years after the onset of menopause, it is completely eliminated from the body.
To assess the condition of the skin, pass the following laboratory tests:
- Finger blood sampling reveals inflammation and allergic reactions.
- Urine - determines the damage to the kidneys and other organs.
- Biochemical blood test - determines various indicators that affect the state of the body. For example, sugar, protein and more.
Analyzes of dry skin during menopause provide an opportunity to assess the condition of the body and prescribe the correct treatment to alleviate the pathological symptoms.
The most effective method for determining the true cause of xerosis in menopause is instrumental diagnostics. Depending on the symptoms of the violation, use a variety of research methods.
Particular attention is paid to the sowing of the inflamed area of the skin (biopsy). This method is used to identify pathogens that contribute to the defeat of the skin. It helps to choose the right method of treatment. If there is a suspicion of an allergic reaction, then an analysis of serum autoantibodies for the allergen is performed. A coprogram is also conducted, that is, the analysis of excrement for dysbiosis. This analysis is necessary if the condition of the tissues is associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Dry skin can appear with a variety of diseases, both dermatological and with the defeat of the internal organs. Differential diagnosis is aimed at identifying the real cause of skin disorders during menopause. In addition to the analysis of the level of estrogen and a number of other hormones, differentiation is carried out with pathologies such as:
- Eczema - its xerotic form causes increased dryness of the epidermis, cracks, itching, peeling. Inflammation and bleeding of some areas due to scratching is possible.
- Follicular curatosis is a small, pimple-like rash. The body becomes rough to the touch, dryness, itching.
- Ichthyosis - the cells of the epidermis flake off strongly, forming thick scales that exfoliate. In their place are painful wounds and cracks.
- Psoriasis is one of the most common diseases characterized by dry skin. Accompanied by desquamation, itching, painful sensations. In some cases, the accession of a secondary infection is possible.
According to the results of differential diagnosis, the doctor makes recommendations for the normalization of the state of the body.
Treatment of dry skin during menopause
Women's health during menopause depends not only on the level of hormones, but also on the action of external factors. Treatment of dry skin during menopause is aimed at maintaining the normal state of the epidermis. For this purpose, special body creams with estrogen and vitamin preparations are used. Of great importance is the way of life, consider the basic recommendations for the preservation of the beauty of the body and face during menopause:
- Avoid direct sunlight as ultraviolet damages the epidermis. Use special sunscreen and occlusive creams that prevent moisture loss.
- Follow a diet with unsaturated fatty acids, for example, omega-3 (salmon, sunflower oil, soy). Proper nutrition will maintain a healthy skin, prevent its dryness and provide a protective barrier.
- Hot shower or bath harm the skin. After such procedures, a feeling of strong tightness appears, peeling, itching and even cracks are possible. While bathing, use moisturizing lotions and gels, and then apply organic oils on the body, which will prevent unpleasant sensations.
- Hormone replacement therapy with estrogen. Such a treatment has a good effect not only on the condition of the skin, but also on the entire body, since it fights menopausal symptoms. For therapy, a synthetic analogue of estradiol is used, which binds to sensitive receptors, maintains moisture and elasticity of the epidermis.
But do not forget that hormonal changes during menopause, this is not the only cause of xerosis. Vitamin deficiencies, fungal diseases, hypothyroidism and more, can also cause discomfort. Proper body care, balanced nutrition and consultations with a dermatologist and a beautician will help preserve beauty and health.
Drugs for dry skin
Today in the pharmaceutical market there are many drugs that effectively deal with skin problems. Medications for dry skin during menopause are represented by special vitamins, various biological additives, creams and lotions with estrogen and other substances necessary for the epidermis.
Consider the most popular drugs:
Vitamin remedy, which consists of vitamins A and E, saturating the skin with beneficial substances. It has antioxidant and immunostimulating properties. The active components of the drug are involved in the physiological processes of the body, stimulate the growth of epithelial cells, accelerate the processes of tissue regeneration, affect lipid and protein metabolism. Aevit improves capillary blood circulation, normalizing the permeability of the vascular walls and tissue trophism.
- Indications for use: vitamin A, E deficiency, prolonged stress overstrain, psoriasis, xerodritis, lupus erythematosus, atherosclerotic vascular lesions, gastrectomy, diarrhea, gastrointestinal lesions, a diet with an increased content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, hyperthyroidism, menopause.
- The drug is taken orally, 1 capsule 1 time per day. Длительность терапии 30-40 дней, при необходимости повторный курс проводят через 3-6 месяцев.
- Побочные действия возникают крайне редко и проявляются нарушениями со стороны ЖКТ: тошнота, рвота, аллергические реакции. With prolonged use of the drug, aggravation of gallstone disease and pancreatitis is possible.
- Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components, chronic circulatory failure, thyrotoxicosis, glomerulonephritis. With extreme caution, vitamins are prescribed to patients with an increased risk of thromboembolism and with myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries.
- With the use of higher doses may develop increased drowsiness, headaches, visual disturbances, increased pressure, pathological changes in the CSF. In severe cases, there are convulsions, heart failure, disorders of the central nervous system, endocrine glands. There is no specific antidote; symptomatic therapy is indicated for the treatment of overdose.
Complex vitamin preparation improves microcirculation of the epidermis, stimulates the nutrition of hair follicles, the synthesis of collagen, hyaluronic acid and elastin, enhances the exfoliation process, stimulates the protection of skin cells from the damaging effects of the environment.
- Indications: skin pathology, chronic diseases of the central nervous system, increased fragility of the nails and hair, retinol hypovitaminosis. The medicine strengthens the hair follicles. Tablets take 1 pc. Once a day for a month.
- Side effects: allergic rash, nausea and vomiting, anaphylactic reactions. In case of overdose, adverse reactions become more pronounced symptoms. The drug is contraindicated in chronic pancreatitis, gallstone disease, intolerance to the components of the tool.
Multivitamin preparation, which has a beneficial effect on the skin condition, its elasticity and smoothness. The drug is used for hypovitaminosis of various origins, for inflammatory lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, liver disease and to increase the body's resistance to infections.
Revivon take 1 capsule 1-2 times a day, after meals. Side effects are manifested in the form of allergic reactions, it is also possible staining of urine in a bright yellow color. The drug is contraindicated in case of intolerance to its components.
In addition to vitamin preparations, to improve the condition of the skin during menopause, special creams are recommended that stimulate the production of collagen. Such cosmetics maintain the tone of the epidermis, prevent its premature aging, eliminate wrinkles and reduce the damaging effect of ultraviolet radiation. There are products with natural and artificial estrogen. Preparations with natural ingredients are used only according to a medical prescription.
- Kate Somerville Quench - moisturizing facial serum with phytoestrogens, preserving youth and smoothness of the skin. The product includes wheat germ, fats and vitamin A, they prevent the epidermis from drying out.
- Lineless Infinite Moisture by Dr. Brandt - moisturizing lotion with nut extract. Stimulates the process of cell renewal, provides smooth and silky skin. Contains soy, green tea, hawthorn fruits and other substances with phytoestrogens.
- Hydramax - Chanel Moisturizer for menopausal women. It consists of carob fruits that are rich in estrogen.
In addition to skin, mucous membranes also suffer from dryness during menopause. There are special gels, lotions and creams for intimate hygiene, warning discomfort:
- Estriol - cream affects the acid-base balance, improves the production of lubricants. It has a positive effect on local immunity and prevents the development of harmful microorganisms. Promotes the production of hormones, eliminating the causes of the disorder.
- Divigel - a hormonal agent prescribed by a doctor. Contains estradiol, eliminates itching and dryness, increases the production of lubricants, increases local immunity.
- Vagilak is a gel prescribed to women during menopause. Eliminates dryness, itching and pain. The product includes lactic acid, which normalizes the acid-base balance and increases local immunity.
- Lacticide - helps with moderate dryness, has a mild effect and has no contraindications.
In addition to the use of drugs, to correct the problem, it is necessary to correct the diet, observe personal hygiene and follow medical recommendations to stabilize the hormone level.
To eliminate hormonal changes during menopause, not only classical methods recommended by the doctor, but also non-traditional methods of therapy are used. Folk treatment of dry skin with menopause is represented by the following recipes:
- Mix 250 ml of mineral water with 50 ml of milk. Wipe the body with this mixture for 20 minutes. The procedure promotes the production of collagen and improves the condition of the skin.
- Mix until smooth ½ cup of cream, 100 g of butter, banana and avocado. In the resulting puree, add 3-5 drops of rose oil and whisk again. The tool can be used as a body lotion.
- Combine 200 ml of honey, 250 ml of milk and a teaspoon of almond oil. The mixture should be heated in a water bath and added 20-30 g to the bath while bathing or used as a compress on especially xerotic parts of the body.
- To eliminate cracks and peeling, mix in equal proportions glycerin and ammonia. Apply ointment to damaged areas as needed. For the treatment of cracks, you can use a warm mixture of calendula and sea buckthorn oil.
- To normalize the condition of the skin on the face, you can prepare a special mask. 100 g of oatmeal pour milk and let them steam. In the finished oatmeal, add ½ teaspoon of jojoba oil, almond oil and vitamin E. The mask should be kept for 20 minutes, rinse with warm water.
Before using traditional medicine recipes, you should consult a dermatologist, as some components may cause an allergic reaction or aggravate the epidermis.
Another option for eliminating skin problems during menopause is herbal treatment. Consider the most effective herbal therapy recipes:
- Prepare chamomile decoction and flax seed decoction in the desired proportion. During water procedures, add decoctions in equal parts into the bath. It is necessary in this water for 10-15 minutes. After bathing, the skin becomes silky and smooth, dry and itchy.
- A milk compress is great for effective softening. Lactic acid promotes the discharge of dead cells, accelerates the processes of regeneration and helps healthy tissues to retain moisture. In cold milk or kefir, moisten a cotton napkin and apply on irritated areas for 5-7 minutes. After the procedure, you need to wash with warm water.
- Cut off the aloe leaf, rinse thoroughly, cut and remove the pulp. Soak a cotton pad in the pulp of the plant and wipe the skin with it. After this procedure, the body becomes soft and elastic.
- Melt a teaspoon of beeswax and a couple of tablespoons of lanolin in a water bath. Add olive oil and aloe juice to the mixture. The resulting tool must be used to wipe the face and body.
- Immediately after the water procedures, apply a mixture of honey and olive oil on the body (2 tablespoons of honey and 2 tablespoons of oil heated in a water bath). After 20 minutes, the mixture should be washed off with warm water. The mask nourishes the skin, eliminates itching and peeling, removes toxins.
When using herbal therapy recipes, you must strictly follow the instructions and do not change the proportions of the recipes. This is due to the risk of allergic reactions.
Homeopathy is used to revitalize the body’s natural systems and alleviate the symptoms of menopause. This method of alternative medicine is based on the introduction into the body of small doses of natural substances, which leads to the gradual restoration of organs and systems. Homeopathic remedies do not possess bactericidal or anti-toxic properties, do not contain hormones. They are prepared on the basis of plant components, minerals, secretions of living organisms.
To eliminate the increased dryness, burning, itching and flaking, the following drugs are recommended: Vita bardana, Vita derm crema, Vita pufa 3. Their dosage and duration of use are determined by the homeopathic doctor, individually for each patient. There are also homeopathic remedies that have a beneficial effect on the entire body during menopause:
- Feminal is a preparation based on red clover extract. Its action is aimed at normalizing the level of sex hormones, that is, eliminating their deficiency.
- Remens is a homeopathic remedy based on racimosa cimicifuga, an extract of Canadian sanguinaria, sepia, pilocarpus. Strengthens the body, compensates for the deficiency of female hormones.
- Estrovel - contains extracts of soybean, nettle leaves, racimoza tsimitsifugi and vitamins B, E. Reduces the pathological symptoms of menopause, reduces the risk of various tumors, compensates for calcium deficiency and a positive effect on the immune system.
- Ladys formula "Menopause" is a medicine based on an extract of passionflower, sarsaparilla, dongquaya, vitamins B, E, and minerals. Corrects psycho-emotional disorders, compensates for the lack of estrogen, prevents vitamin deficiency and osteoporosis.
In addition to the above preparations, for the normalization of the female body during menopause, such homeopathic remedies may be prescribed: Tibestan, Femwell, Lefem, Klimaktoplan, Menopace.
Methods of surgical intervention for xerosis are not used. Surgical treatment of dry skin with menopause is represented by various physiotherapeutic procedures. They effectively moisturize the epidermis, normalize its condition, eliminate itching, peeling, cracks.
- Mesotherapy - a vitamin solution is injected into the deep layers of the skin using a needle. This procedure normalizes metabolic processes, improves nutrition and protection of cells, prevents dehydration. Vitamin solution contains magnesium, potassium, sulfur, zinc, phosphorus, selenium and other beneficial substances.
- Biorevitalization - this procedure is the introduction under the skin of drugs with hyaluronic acid. Promotes hydration of the epidermis, normalizes the state of elastin and collagen fibers, restores the structure of tissues.
- Microcurrent therapy - is used to normalize the metabolism. The skin is affected by weak electrical impulses that simulate blood circulation and lymphatic drainage. It helps to restore damaged tissue. The effect of the procedure is similar to a healthy deep sleep, after which the skin looks rested and rejuvenated.
All procedures are prescribed and performed by a beautician after examining the patient and collecting anamnesis about the causes of the pathological condition.
It has long been known that during menopause, the problem of skin pigmentation is felt especially acutely. After reducing the amount of estrogen in the blood, melanocytes become noticeable. As a result, those skin areas that have been most affected by the sun throughout life may become hyperpigmented.
To prevent this - you need to cover your face from direct sunlight. It is recommended to eat foods that include malic, lactic and glycolic acid.
As for the care cosmetics, in this case it is better to give preference to products with ascorbic acid, vitamin B5, ferulic acid and licorice extract.
Sometimes women have a red spot with pimples on the face during menopause. Many people mistakenly think that this is acne.
Characteristic of rosacea include:
- skin redness
- the formation of acne and small pustules,
- the appearance of areas with burst vessels under the skin.
The main cause of this pathology is a hot flush.
To reduce the appearance of rosacea, dermatologists advise:
- do sports in cool rooms,
- stop eating spicy and hot foods,
- avoid skin contact with any irritants,
- abandon cosmetics, which contain bright colors and flavors,
- avoid long stay under the open sun.
Ovant cream can also help with rosacea. It will remove puffiness and activate metabolic processes, slow down aging.
Dysmenorrhea symmetrical dermatitis, as well as other dermatitis, refers to a type of allergic dermatosis. The impetus for its occurrence is a decrease in the amount of estrogen in the blood.
This disease can occur during menopause or menopause, as well as with strong endocrine disorders. Some patients are interested in: “can urticaria begin during surgical menopause”? Yes, because it also shows a strong decrease in steroids in the body.
Skin receptors become too sensitive to hormonal fluctuations. However, this picture is observed only in some parts of the body. As soon as the hormone levels can be stabilized, the disease immediately enters a state of remission.
To diagnose dermatitis with menopause, photo rash can help. When this pathology on the skin, there are multiple rashes that hurt and itch. In severe cases, urticar formations increase to the size of bubbles. They get wet, but form a crust when healing. After convalescence, areas without pigmentation may appear on the skin. (Figure. ATTENTION! It is not recommended for viewing to persons under 16 years old, pregnant women and people with a sensitive psyche.)
Treatment of dysmenorrhea symmetric dermatitis is the use of follicular hormone or complex medication with the inclusion of parathyroid hormone. Sedative and antiallergic drugs may be prescribed to reduce unpleasant symptoms. Diazolin is actively used to eliminate itching. In the presence of itching in the area of the external genital organs, progesterone injections can be used.
Causes of itching in the intimate area with menopause
The cause of itching is hot flashes, starting at an average of 45 years of age. Tides are accompanied by fever, chills, excessive sweating. Allocated sweat includes saline and alkaline particles, therefore, causes irritation of the skin.
The labia lips begin to itch first during menopause. When combing these areas of the body, microcracks appear, which are penetrated by pathogenic microorganisms. As a result, an infectious disease is added to the itching of the labia, causing a burning sensation in the genital tract.
Many women, to get rid of the painful sensations, begin to use too hard to wash soap and other intimate hygiene products. But keep in mind that hygiene products even more dry skin in the genital area.
Itching in the vagina with menopause occurs with varying intensity. Some women experience discomfort only after intimate acts, other representatives of the weaker sex continuously suffer from intolerable itching, kraurosis. The itching subsides after taking a shower or bath, but soon returns.
When menopause itching must be treated. After all, the uncomfortable state is not only a manifestation of age-related atrophy of the genital tract, but also a symptom of serious diseases. Until the main disease is cured, eliminate the itch will not work.
Itching of the skin during menopause prevents a woman from living a full intimate life. The neglected pathology leads to sleep disturbance, emotional instability, and nervous disorders.
What diseases can cause itching
Climacteric hormonal changes entail the development of certain pathologies in which itching occurs. These diseases include:
- Diabetes. In diabetics in the urine, glucose is elevated in concentration, which has an irritating effect on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area during bladder emptying.
- Inflammatory pathologies of the urogenital system. Burning in the vagina with menopause is often due to the frequent exposure of the vaginal walls of urea fission products contained in the composition of urine flowing through the urethra.
- Allergic dermatitis. Discomfort is the result of an allergic reaction of the skin to hygiene products and synthetic underwear.
- Candidiasis. The development of thrush, caused by the fungus Candida, is accompanied by intense vaginal itching and the emergence from the vagina of unpleasant-smelling discharge of curdled structure.
- Atrophic vulvovaginitis. This is the name of the inflammation of the vulva and vaginal membrane caused by menopausal changes.
- Herpes. The disease is often accompanied by a burning sensation, swelling and redness of the vaginal mucous membranes.
- Trichomoniasis. Symptoms of an infectious pathology are unpleasant smelling yellow discharge from the vagina and discomfort when urinating.
- Tumors of the genitals. With tumor diseases, the immunity is so greatly weakened that the microflora is disturbed in the vagina. Pathogenic microbes produce toxins that irritate the vaginal walls.
The above pathologies occur in the fertile period, but more often they affect the female body at the menopausal stage. Связано это с тем, что при менопаузе значительно снижается иммунитет, поэтому организм не может эффективно противостоять развитию заболеваний, провоцирующих зуд.
Как избавиться от зуда?
To successfully carry out treatment, you need to know the causes of itching of the skin. Usually, women, when dryness in the genital tract occurs, use folk recipes or buy local moisturizing medicines in pharmacies. But these drugs do not eliminate the diseases that are provocateurs of itching, therefore they bring a slight relief, for a short time they quench the itching in the intimate area of women with climax. How to treat the skin of the genital area, so that the result of treatment was satisfactory?
Proper therapy should include the following medications:
- local preparations to alleviate the condition
- drugs that eliminate the main provocative disease
- hormonal drugs
Also during the course of therapy it is important to adjust the lifestyle and hygiene procedures.
An important stage of therapy is the normalization of hormonal background. The patient needs to consult a gynecologist, he will prescribe oral and vaginal hormones based on estrogen. These drugs are not only effective against menopausal symptoms, itching and dry genital tract, but also restore the vaginal microflora, strengthen local immunity, reduce the likelihood of developing candidiasis and other infectious diseases, inhibit vaginal mucosa atrophy.
The most popular and effective drugs include:
- "Estriol" - vaginal suppositories,
- "Divigel" - a gel designed to be applied to the skin of the shoulders, buttocks or lower abdomen,
- "Ovestin" - candles and vaginal cream, recommended for atrophic vaginitis,
- "Klimara" - a patch with the content of the hormone estrogen, attached to the skin in the area of the buttocks or spinal column.
If for any reason it is impossible to use a hormonal cream or an ointment for itching and burning, then you should try treatment with herbal preparations based on phytohormones.
Treatment of diseases provoking itching
If itching starts to bother because of a fungal infection or allergic dermatitis, then antimycotic and antihistamine medications should be used. If the cause of a negative change in the mucous membranes of the vaginal covers is herpes, then antiviral drugs and immunostimulants are prescribed. When vulvovaginitis treated with anti-inflammatory suppositories. Diabetes requires complex therapy, including continuous monitoring of blood sugar.
Medicines for the patient selects only medical specialist. Usually the following drugs are used to get rid of the problem that caused the sensation of itching:
- Mesoderm, Psilo-Balsam - antihistamines,
- Clotrimazole, miconazole - antifungal agents,
- Imudon, Menopace - Immunostimulants,
- Gerpevir, Zovirax - antiviral drugs,
- Terzhinan, Betadin - anti-inflammatory drugs.
Folk remedies for itching during menopause
Genital itching during menopause, caused by hormonal transformations or infection, is treated at home by douching. For the procedure used decoctions based on:
The procedure is carried out regularly in the evening. Herbal douches eliminate the feeling of dryness in the vaginal area, extinguish inflammation, relieve swelling, promote the rapid healing of cracks.
Also, itching for menopause is successfully eliminated with the help of tampons with medicinal ingredients. It is best to make a tampon with aloe. The young leaf of the plant is cleaned, longitudinally cut on one side, turned inside out with pulp. The turned sheet turns into sterile gauze, immersed in the vagina. Such a tampon effectively helps with allergic mucous membranes and skin irritations, when the perineal tissue itches and burns, and also has an antibiotic effect on the vaginal walls.
Lifestyle changes and diet
During menopause, it is extremely important to normalize your lifestyle. By adjusting the habits and diet, you can normalize hormones, successfully get rid of menopausal symptoms and painful sensations during intimacy, slow down the atrophic changes of the vaginal mucous membranes. To speed up the elimination of itching during menopause, treatment should include:
- good rest during the day and sleep at night,
- daily walks in the street
- age-appropriate physical training,
- exclusion from the menu of salted, fatty and densely seasoned dishes.
With such measures it is impossible to completely remove the uncomfortable condition caused by itching, but you can significantly improve your health, strengthen the body.
Hygiene features during menopause
To prevent and eliminate the problem, it is necessary not only to use medical suppositories and ointments, but also to perform hygiene procedures with a gel that does not contain dyes and other synthetic additives. When climax from itching, it is best to use hygienic preparations containing moisturizing oils and lactic acid. It is important that the product be hypoallergenic.
Changes in the skin during menopause
Dry skin with menopause occurs in the absolute majority of women. The difference is that someone changes the structure of the skin more slowly, and someone faster. As is known, the collagen present in the skin is responsible for its youth, and more precisely for its smoothness and elasticity. But as soon as a woman’s ovaries start producing estrogen in smaller quantities, the collagen fibers also change. They simply begin to stick together among themselves, in connection with which the skin is becoming increasingly sagging.
The hyaluronic acid contained between the collagen fibers decreases in volume and, accordingly, its function of maintaining water balance becomes less effective. Dryness of the skin also contributes to the amount of sebum, which, as is well known in large quantities, is present in adolescence and young age and, conversely, decreases significantly in adulthood.
The skin during menopause primarily undergoes changes in the face, neck, chest, thighs. To go against nature and completely prevent this process is beyond the power of any woman, but it is quite possible to maximally maintain the condition of the skin with the help of beauty treatments and cosmetology.
Causes of decay and dryness
The period of menopause, known as menopause, is accompanied by serious hormonal disorders in the body, and therefore a number of changes occur. They are often reflected in the appearance of a woman in the form of extra pounds, dry hair and quickly fading skin.
Fading skin during menopause
Among the causes of the sharp deterioration of the skin in women during this period, several reasons can be singled out:
- Hormonal imbalance. During menopause, the ovaries begin to produce less estrogen, which is deservedly called the "female hormone." This affects the reduction of moisture production in the face,
- Collagen reduction. This substance is directly related to the amount of estrogen in the body. And since collagen is responsible for the elasticity of the skin, with its loss, it becomes dry and fading,
- Diseases. Climax - a real test for health and therefore it often becomes the cause or exacerbation of various diseases. One of the common pathologies during this period is hypothyroidism. This condition occurs in the presence of disorders in the thyroid gland and is expressed in the deterioration of the skin, nails and hair. Another disease that occurs during menopause, can be called diabetes. It also contributes to dry skin, because metabolic processes at this time slow down significantly,
- Stress. Everyone knows that many women in menopause face states of depression and psychological tension. The body stops getting enough moisture, which causes dry skin,
- Vitamin A deficiency. If in addition to dryness, the skin experiences obvious symptoms of desquamation and even itching, then it is worth paying attention to this factor.
In addition, women experiencing this difficult period, it is strongly recommended to give up bad habits and frequent stay in the open sun. They more than ever can cause damage to health, and also very adversely affect the condition of the skin.
Menopause skin care
Dry skin in menopause not only upsets its owner with its unaesthetic appearance, but also often brings discomfort to it due to the peeling process and the feeling of itching. What to do when dry covers, worries every woman, faced with this phenomenon. There are several ways to solve the problem, which can be used both independently and in combination.
Hormone replacement therapy
During menopause, a woman experiences changes not only in the structure of the skin, but also in other areas of her body. In order to normalize her condition, the doctor usually prescribes hormone replacement therapy. The patient can receive the missing amount of estrogen by applying its synthetic analogue called “estradiol”. This therapeutic therapy affects the drying of the skin. Under the influence of hormones that stimulate the production of moisture, sebum, collagen, it becomes more elastic and hydrated.
Menopause skin care creams
Menopause skin care
The epidermis of the skin during menopause especially needs skin care creams and gels. They may not be able to fundamentally solve the problem, such as hardware procedures or plastic surgery, but with regular use they can maintain a good condition of the integument. The modern market provides a wide range of products for the care of aged skin, suffering from excessive dryness and wilting. It can be creams, gels, mousses, masks. To make the right choice, you should pay attention to the composition of the cosmetic. It is best if it contains the following components:
- Collagen. Creams with its content are often called “lifting effect”, because it allows you to create an invisible effect of the frame for the skin, making it more toned. In addition to collagen, elastin can help in this,
- Phytoestrogen. Not everyone knows, but natural estrogen is also found in some plant species. These include soybean, flax, alfalfa, licorice, hops, ginseng. The hormone obtained using a special treatment is added to the care products. Its advantage is complete safety for the woman
- Hyaluronic acid. It provides the necessary level of moisture, so the skin is needed in this period,
- Vitamin A. One of its functions is to stimulate the production of collagen by the body, so it directly affects the smoothness and elasticity of the skin.
It is important that natural oils and their extracts are also present in the cream or gel. They perfectly moisturize and nourish dry skin. Since some natural ingredients can cause allergies, you should pay attention to this in the selection process. Otherwise, skin rash may occur, which will further worsen its dry condition.
The cream does not have to be expensive, but it is important that it does not contain alcohol components, strong fragrances and preferably protects the skin from exposure to sunlight.
Vitamin complexes can help resist menopausal aging. Their range, like that of cosmetics, is quite wide. These can be expensive complexes or capsules of a specific vitamin available at a price. It should be noted that the main components should be vitamins A and E. They are able to have a direct impact on the condition of the skin.
Vitamin complexes in the climacteric period
Vitamin complexes are directed to the following functions:
- Skin nutrition
- Stimulation of growth of epithelial cells, synthesis of natural collagen and hyaluronic acid,
- Providing antioxidant functions
- Participation in the regeneration of the integument and providing a protective function for the skin from the harmful effects of environmental factors,
- Improving lipid and protein exchanges
- Strengthening the immune system,
- Blood flow stimulation,
- Strengthen skin peeling for its fastest renewal.
The advantage of using vitamins is that in addition to improving the condition of the skin, they are able to favorably affect the general condition of the body, enhancing its protective properties, which is important during this period.
For women who prefer only natural remedies, traditional medicine methods that help to eliminate dry skin may be useful. Examples include the following methods:
- A mixture of milk and mineral water,
- A mixture of milk, honey and almond oil,
- Mask of milk and cereal,
- Means on the basis of cream, milk, banana and avocado.
In fact, there are a lot of such recipes and they can really significantly improve the condition of the skin. All of them are used only externally and, most importantly, they are absolutely harmless to the female body.