PMS is a very common syndrome among women and girls, and often not only its owners, but also their close surroundings suffer from its manifestations. Some people think that in explaining their unsightly behavior with this syndrome, women just look for an excuse for their bad temper, but in fact this is not true. How to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of PMS you can find out in this article.
How PMS stands for
The abbreviation PMS has a fairly simple decoding - we are talking about premenstrual syndrome. This phenomenon is characterized by a set of symptoms that manifests itself in a girl shortly before the onset of menstruation. Of course, we are not talking about a separate disease, however, about half of women feel some changes in their bodies during this period.
What does PMS mean
As already mentioned, PMS is characterized by some manifestations, and now we will consider them in more detail.
- Anger and irritability, with no particular reason.
- Frequent change of mood - from complete depression to aggression.
- Anxiety that has no basis.
- Loss of interest in habitual daily affairs.
- Increased fatigue.
- Sleep problems (may be drowsiness or insomnia).
- Headache, swelling, abdominal pain.
- Increased appetite.
- Exacerbation of infectious processes and allergic reactions of the body.
If you observe at least half of these symptoms in your home shortly before the onset of menstruation, then we can say that you are dealing with PMS.
How old is the ICP
Since PMS is a phenomenon that occurs shortly before menstruation, it can be diagnosed in a girl from the first menstruation. Although, of course, each organism is individual, and if you have not observed any signs of this syndrome in your early youth, then it is quite possible that they will manifest themselves in a more adult age. However, it is worth noting that women aged from 20 to 40 years most often experience anxiety about this.
How many days before menstruation begins PMS
The onset of PMS in each woman proceeds individually. Mostly, its symptoms begin to appear 2-3 days before the menstruation period begins. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that some girls are “lucky” much less - they begin to feel irritability, anger and other symptoms much earlier - about a week, or even ten days before the “menstruation” comes. However, the number of days each time can vary.
How many days does PMS in women?
Even if you have PMS started a week before menstruation or even ten days - it is not at all necessary that his syndromes will manifest all this period. Just a couple of days before menstruation, aggression, apathy, anxiety, and other “charms” of the ICP may stop. In this case, of course, there are also frequent cases when the syndrome lasts until menstruation.
How to understand that you have PMS
One of the first signs of the onset of PMS is sudden mood swings. In such cases, a woman may, against the background of general well-being, suddenly feel anxiety and depression. It can also be out of balance and bring to the aggressive state some completely insignificant troubles, to which at another time she most likely would not pay particular attention. Of course, not only a woman suffering from PMS, but also people who have had contact with her during this period often suffer from similar mood swings.
Physiological changes in the body
The onset of PMS, most often, is characterized by changes not only in the psychological state of the woman, but also by some physiological changes.
Let us consider in more detail some forms of the syndrome.
- In this case, headaches are prevailing, in which the total arterial pressure may not exceed the limits of the norm. There may also be numbness in the hands, sweating, and tingling pain in the heart.
- There is also an edematous form of PMS, which predominantly affects young girls. The main symptoms of this form are swollen breasts, when touched, the girl feels quite sore. In addition, there may be swelling of the feet, hands, and face. Possible increased sweating and abdominal pain.
What to do when you have PMS
Advice of the gynecologist
Doctors advise girls suffering from PMS to increase physical activity by starting to exercise in the gym or by signing up for yoga. However, you can also opt for running, cycling and much more.
If you are overweight, it is better to reduce it. In the case of the missing weight, it must be typed. In addition, do not abuse sweets - sweets, cakes, pastries, carbonated drinks and so on. Note that PMS can be especially pronounced in women who take contraceptive drugs.
Get rid of bad habits, if any. Often, rejection of light alcoholic beverages and smoking significantly reduces the symptoms of PMS, and even eliminates them.
Perhaps one of the most important tips is to find out whether they have endocrine or infectious diseases. If you still have them, then surely you should get rid of them.
Pay attention to the fact that PMS is directly related to the cyclical fluctuations of female hormones, and it should be eliminated. If there are no contraindications, then doctors recommend taking oral contraceptives. By correctly selecting the dosage of drugs, you can avoid sudden fluctuations in hormones. Of course, drug treatment should begin only after consulting with a doctor.
Surely, you understand that your emotional state can affect the balance of hormones in the body, and for this reason, stress significantly increases the unpleasant symptoms of PMS. It is important to eliminate the signs of nervous strain, and herbal teas, relaxation, and breathing exercises can help you. Try different techniques, and in the end you will be able to choose the one that will help ease your condition. It is also important to get enough sleep and not overwork - especially shortly before the onset of menstruation.
How to explain to a man or a boyfriend what PMS is
During the ICP period, many girls and women often deteriorate relationships with partners. The reason for this, often, is the unstable psychological state of a woman - she becomes nervous and irritable, occasionally “breaking off” on her beloved person. Not every man knows that there is such a phenomenon as PMS. If you understand that it is the syndrome that has a negative impact on you, and because of this, your relationship suffers, by all means tell your lover about it. Try to explain to him that these days you are not always able to control your emotions, which you later regret very much. Tell the man that you will exert maximum efforts in order not to succumb to mood swings. By the way, let your words do not disagree with the case.
If you feel that a wave of bad mood is moving on you, try to avoid stress in your relationship with your partner - go to another room, wait there for the peak of your condition. We also recommend that you warn a man in advance so that at these moments he will try not to provoke you to articulate rash words that are often caused only by PMS and have nothing to do with your real thoughts.
What is the difference between PMS and monthly
The answer lies in deciphering the abbreviation PMS (premenstrual syndrome). This is the period that precedes the beginning of menstruation (menstruation). After the ICP, the menstruation periods themselves begin, during which the woman may also experience some discomfort, but at the same time, the main symptoms of PMS or their complete disappearance are noted.
Symptoms of PMS
Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are much broader than just changes in the emotional state. For those days, how long the PMS lasts until menstruation, the girl has time to experience not only mental disorder, but also physical indisposition.
Symptoms last from 3 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation. It depends on many factors, including
regularity and duration of the cycle. However, even with regular menstruation, it is not always clear whether ICP will happen, how long it will last, and when it will end.
Does PMS manifestation depend on age?
Experts note that with age increases the duration
and the number of simultaneously occurring PMS manifestations. Adolescents 13-17 years of age, as well as those who have only learned that such periods, as a rule, do not have psychophysical disorders. Or they are not so pronounced that the girl can simply ignore them.
The symptoms in older women are more pronounced and last longer. For those whose age approaches menopause, PMS is especially long and exhausting.
Manifestations of young girls
Whether and how long PMS lasts for girls depends on several factors. Monthly in very young girls still have an irregular nature, sometimes they begin suddenly and last from 2 to 7 days. And the emotional state of any adolescent during puberty is extremely unstable, so the girls simply do not have time to understand whether there was PMS and whether it brought at least some inconvenience.
Possible manifestations of PMS at a young age:
- breast swelling,
- acne on the face
- lower abdominal pain.
In due course the girl can already define by these signs when menstruations begin. Usually manifestations occur 3-4 days before menstruation and last until the end of menstruation.
Between the ages of 18 and about 25, there is a rebuilding of the female body;
appear brighter and last much longer. For example, sometimes headaches during the time that PMS lasts in women, develop into severe migraines, which does not add optimism and affect the emotional state. But after the end of the ICP, the pain disappears by itself. At this time, the menstrual cycle, as a rule, normalized, the woman can already predict the beginning of the next critical days. But to understand when the ICP will begin, is often not strong.
Symptoms of the syndrome in women are much wider:
- mood swings
- irritability, sometimes turning into aggression,
- aches and pains in the whole body
- acne on the skin.
PMS in women lasts 7-10 days and passes after the onset of menstruation. But there are cases when the symptoms appear 14 days before the onset of menstruation and last until the end of menstruation. If we consider that the cycle is about 28 days, then the woman risks never get rid of PMS manifestations.
PMS in women age 40+
Forty years old is an approximate age when menopause begins. At this time, when the PMS symptoms begin and how long the symptoms last, it does not always depend on the menstrual cycle.
- excessive sweating
- excessive fatigue
- mood swings.
A woman is experiencing debilitating physical pain that lasts until the end of menstruation. Again the body is rebuilt, the menstrual cycle is lost, so the lady often does not know when the next menstruation will begin and how long it will last.
At the age of about 50 years, menopause begins, after which some of the symptoms of PMS may still appear, but all this does not last long and gradually fades away.
PMS in adolescents
The vivid manifestations of PMS in adolescence should not be overlooked, since they usually get worse in the future. In this case, you should contact your gynecologist as soon as possible so that he explains to the child the principle of premenstrual syndrome, how many days before menstruation begins and when it ends. In addition, it is possible to identify the early stage of the pathology of other systems. Parents should be very attentive, because the signs of PMS are difficult to distinguish from puberty and the unstable emotional state of all adolescents.
PMS after childbirth
The first 6-8 weeks after birth is not for nothing called the tenth month of pregnancy. During this period, the mother's body undergoes the process of involution - the reverse development of all organs that have changed during the development of the fetus. Practice shows that the menstrual cycle becomes irregular and unpredictable. Many women at this time experience premenstrual syndrome for the first time. How long the recovery takes is impossible to calculate, but usually the reproductive system returns to normal in a year.
PMS in menopause
Menstruation delay in menopause is a natural phenomenon, because the female body is rebuilt and is preparing to work in new conditions. Due to a decrease in estrogen production, the nature of PMS is changing. How many days before menstruation it begins, now it is very difficult to count, since there are several options for the onset of menopause. Ideally, each new menstruation will become poor and will be delayed for several days. However, there are cases as sharp jumps in the schedule, and a one-time stop of the cycle. Therefore, ICP is also characterized by unpredictability and inconsistency.
Other factors also affect the duration of PMS.
Genetic predisposition. If the relatives of the female ICP line last longer than 7 days, then there is a high probability that you will have this problem. This pathology is poorly amenable to correction with drugs. Therefore, it is necessary to organize a full-fledged diet and the correct mode of work and rest.
Diseases. In the body, everything is interconnected, so the diseases under the influence of PMS are aggravated and increase the number of days of premenstrual syndrome. Timely diagnosis will help identify hidden ailments, and proper treatment will relieve the disease and smooth out the symptoms of PMS.
Strict diets and lack of rest. Proper nutrition, eight-hour sleep and moderate physical activity contribute to the overall health promotion and regulation of the processes of all organs and systems. Therefore, the transition to a healthy lifestyle is likely to reduce the number of days and smooth out all the manifestations of PMS.
Protracted stress. Stressful situations are beneficial for the body, as they mobilize all its functions and use hidden reserves. But constant prolonged stress, in contrast, is extremely harmful. They loosen the nervous system, weaken the immune system, take power and increase the number of critical days.
How to reduce the duration of PMS
First of all, you need to visit a gynecologist and together with him to determine for how much PMS begins. Next, you need to undergo a diagnostic examination to rule out the development of all kinds of ailments. After that, the specialist prescribes a complex treatment.
It is compiled individually depending on the nature of the symptoms. In addition to smoothing the signs of premenstrual syndrome, they may prescribe hormone replacement therapy, the latest generation of contraceptives, homeopathic remedies. In addition, the state improves quality dietary supplements, herbal teas, vitamin complexes. When calculating the dosage of medications you can not use the recipes or advice of girlfriends, since each organism is unique and requires a personal therapeutic approach.