The color of menstruation: the blood is bright red, the reasons for the danger


Menstruation is a natural physiological process that any sexually mature woman who has no health problems regularly encounters.

From a physiological point of view, the appearance of bleeding indicates the beginning of the process of rejection of excess cellular tissue formed in the uterine cavity in anticipation of ovulation. The day of arrival of the month is considered the starting point for counting the duration of the menstrual cycle.

Menstrual flow is characterized by:

1 low coagulation rate

2 darker than vascular blood shade.

Features of menstrual flow due to their chemical composition, in particular, the high content of enzymes.

To understand why there was a discharge of scarlet blood during menstruation, it is necessary to figure out which periods should be considered normal, and which periods can fail.

Menstrual flow without deviations - normal monthly

Menstruation, occurring without deviations, is characterized by standard secretions:

1 regularity of discharge

2 the absence of pain, should not hurt the stomach during menstruation (menstruation), and if the pain appeared in the abdomen (lower abdomen), then it should be felt in intensity as discomfort or a weak pulling pain in the lower abdomen,

3 dark shade of discharge during menstruation (menstruation) is considered normal,

4 discharge medium duration and intensity.

If the menstruation does not violate the usual way of life of a woman and does not give her discomfort, then she is considered to be flowing without deviations. However, even in this case, you should not forget about regular visits to the doctor, since some violations of the menstrual cycle can manifest themselves indirectly, for example, in the form of scarlet discharge during or after menstruation.

Menstruation, flowing with deviations

What are menstruation disorders, menstrual abnormalities, menstruation cycle? The most common menstrual abnormalities include:

1 discoloration and / or smell of bleeding during menstruation. If bleeding during menstruation has a different color, when scarlet blood appears instead of menstruation and other symptoms,

2 too short or too long menstrual cycle can also be considered deviations, certain violations of the cycle of menstruation,

3 irregular periods (menstruation),

4 the appearance of symptoms such as itching or unpleasant odor from the vagina against the background of scarlet color is one of the symptoms of a woman’s menstrual cycle disorder,

5 a reason to consult a doctor can also be considered a change in the usual course of menstruation, when menstruation does not proceed as usual, if the menstruation came too early or there was a delay in menstruation, if the discharge was too abundant or, on the contrary, there was scanty discharge during menstruation.

Not all changes during menstruation indicate the presence of pathology. For example, it is possible to change the color of the discharge when menstruating in favor of a darker shade at the end of the cycle. On average, during menstruation, a woman loses a couple of tens of milliliters of blood per day, but this indicator does not take into account the individual characteristics of the female body, and therefore can vary in the direction of increase or decrease depending on the specific situation. It is important to remember that scarlet blood during menstruation or scarlet blood after menstruation, all these are the symptoms for which you should sign up for a consultation with a gynecologist.

In which cases it is necessary to immediately make an appointment with a gynecologist, if abnormal periods:

1 the appearance of red blood (normally, the color of discharge should change from light to dark, but not vice versa),

2 appearance of blood clots.

In more detail about what periods can be considered with deviations, you can read in the article: yellow, green, brown, yellow vaginal discharge, causes of abnormal discharge during menstruation.

The most common disorders of the menstrual cycle is the appearance of scarlet discharge when scarlet blood appears during menstruation. To determine what causes such a pathology as scarlet blood during menstruation and what it may mean, it is worth referring to the physiology of the female body.

Scarlet discharge - scarlet blood during menstruation (causes)

A huge impact on the course of menstruation have individual characteristics of the female body. For example, it was observed that in women with low hemoglobin levels, menstrual flow is distinguished by a lighter shade and low viscosity. Therefore, scarlet blood during menstruation may not always be a sign of a problem. Very often, scarlet bleeding is the result of hormonal contraceptive pills, other hormonal contraceptives, such as the IUD (intrauterine device), a hormonal patch, and others. Information about why pink vaginal discharge, causes of pink discharge, may also be helpful.

Scarlet blood during menstruation is often observed in adolescents during the period of the menstrual cycle, as well as in women during menopause. Another reason that causes the appearance of scarlet blood during menstruation is hypomenorrhea, accompanied by rare and scanty secretions.

Scarlet blood - the norm or pathology? What if red blood appeared during menstruation?

Scarlet blood during menstruation does not always signal health problems. For example, at the beginning of a cycle, it is perfectly possible to have a red discharge with a sour odor. It should be wary if red blood does not disappear by the middle of the cycle or appears at the end of menstruation, while its smell is similar to that of vascular blood. In this case, we are talking not so much about menstruation as about bleeding, which may indicate that there are serious health problems. Therefore, for any suspicious secretions should immediately consult a doctor. So, if the scarlet blood or bright red discharge began in the middle of the cycle, or bright red spotting appeared after the end of the menstruation cycle, then this is a reason to make an appointment with a gynecologist. If the scarlet blood, pink discharge appeared before the beginning of menstruation, then useful information on this issue can be found in the article: causes of pink discharge before menstruation.

Scarlet blood and clots during menstruation, the reasons for what to do?

If during the menstruation a woman has scarlet blood, if vaginal discharge is bright scarlet and blood clots, clots of scarlet color appear with them, this may indicate the process of rejection of the endometrium, which in turn is due to the process of non-fertilization. at the right time. Very often, this process is accompanied by abundant bleeding from the vagina, often there are clots of red blood and other unpleasant symptoms. To understand whether red blood clots are dangerous and what they can mean, it is enough to know that red blood clots during menstruation can be considered the norm only if a woman has abundant vaginal discharge during menstruation. The causes of the appearance of red blood clots during menstruation may be in the use of the hormonal IUD, the intrauterine device as the main method of contraception. But when using the intrauterine device, clots are usually burgundy and not scarlet. Clots during menstruation in black or burgundy may also indicate the development of certain gynecological problems.

Causes of red blood during menstruation

Often, women wonder why there was a bright red discharge, scarlet blood during menstruation. The causes of scarlet discharge are very diverse. So the causes of the appearance of scarlet blood during menstruation may be a simple hormonal failure or be the result of using the hormonal IUD (intrauterine device) as the main method of contraception. The causes of the appearance of scarlet-colored blood during menstruation may also be in the appearance of an infection that is transmitted by sexual contact. Other causes of the onset of symptoms such as bright scarlet blood during menstruation (menstruation) are the appearance of a tumor in the uterus, the appearance of pregnancy in which pathologies can be observed, be a consequence of an abortion performed recently, be symptoms of recently performed gynecological operations. Also, scarlet blood instead of menstruation is often the result of hormonal contraceptive pills. For more information on why scarlet blood appeared instead of menstruation while taking hormonal OK can be obtained at a consultation with your gynecologist. Considering that a scarlet color discharge can indicate many serious health problems, it is recommended to make an appointment with a doctor with such a problem.

It is especially important to consult a doctor if scarlet secretions appear along with mucus clots, if scarlet secretions and an unpleasant smell, if the discharge is with blood clots.

Given all the above described causes of failure of menstruation, we can conclude that the scarlet discharge of blood during menstruation (menstruation) is most often the result of such problems as:

1 sexually transmitted diseases

2 hormonal disorders,

3 postoperative complications

4 oncological diseases

5 abortion,

6 developmental pathology of the fetus in the womb,

7 individual intolerance to remedies against unwanted pregnancy (IUD, OK)

Timely treatment of the disease, when a woman first discovered changes in her cycle of menstruation, if menstruation takes too long or the menstruation failed due to the appearance of scarlet blood from the vagina, scarlet color is the key to health and longevity. That is why any changes in the menstrual cycle (color, smell, volume, intensity of discharge) should immediately turn to a specialist. You can read about dangerous and non-dangerous causes of discharge before menstruation: what discharge before menstruation can be considered the norm.

What diseases can cause scarlet color in menstruation?

The main types of pathologies during menstruation:

One of the common types of diseases that can contribute to the appearance of such a symptom as scarlet blood during menstruation is infectious diseases of the reproductive organs, endometriosis, artificial termination of pregnancy in one of the possible ways (abortion, especially in the early stages of pregnancy), miscarriage, myoma uterus, polyps in the uterus, ingrowth of the endometrial hormone spiral into the cervix, cancer. The causes of scarlet color can be found out only after a comprehensive diagnosis of the symptoms by a specialist.

Diagnosis and treatment of red blood during menstruation

Treatment of scarlet blood during menstruation involves not eliminating the symptom itself in the form of the appearance of bloody scarlet discharge, but diagnosing the cause of the onset of such symptoms and the subsequent treatment of the problem. Depending on which disease triggered a change in the menstrual cycle, what problem or illness caused the appearance of red blood during menstruation, the doctor may prescribe:

1 physiotherapy

2 antibacterial / antiviral / hormonal drugs,

3 specialized diet

4 surgical intervention.

Often, moderate physical exertion, vitamins, in particular, E and C (which is especially important in the case of low hemoglobin levels), as well as herbal remedies, are prescribed as an aid in treating and eliminating such a symptom as scarlet blood during menstruation.

Perhaps the main recommendation to which any woman should listen is to visit the gynecologist every six months. Early diagnosis of pathologies has saved not one life, not only women themselves, but also the children they are carrying. Life is priceless. Take care of yourself.

Bright red menses: norm or deviation?

The color of the menstrual blood displays a picture of health. It depends on the level of iron in the body. At the beginning of the month, when the body is undergoing active restructuring, there may be a bright red discharge. At the beginning of menstruation, the secret may differ in consistency, they may not be as viscous and thickened as in the middle of critical days. Starting from the second day of menstruation, an active process of oxidation occurs, and the blood gradually changes color, it darkens. If neither the second nor the third day, the blood did not darken, then, in the menstrual cycle failures occurred. Bright red tint of menstrual secretion may indicate serious disorders in the body.

Red menstrual secretion, resembling the color of ordinary blood, is not a pathology in two age categories. Monthly this color can be in adolescents, whose cycle is at the stage of formation, as well as in women during menopause. During these periods, hormonal changes are regular and stabilize on their own, without medical treatment. If scarlet discharge during menstruation is observed for several cycles in a row, specialist advice is needed. It is not excluded that it will be necessary to normalize the hormonal balance in the body with the help of special means.

Red menstruation may be a sign of hormonal imbalance.

What is dangerous red?

If the bright red discharge lasts for several days in a row, it may not be menstruation at all, but uterine bleeding. Sometimes the presence of such a secret indicates an ectopic pregnancy. In such a situation, it is not only the color of the menses that is important, but also the peculiarities of well-being. The direct signs of blood loss are:

  1. Excessive weakness and unjustified feeling of fatigue.
  2. Pallor of the skin.
  3. Drowsiness.
  4. Dizziness.

If the red discharge is combined, at least by one of these signs, it is recommended that you immediately seek medical attention. Careless attitude to their health threatens a great loss of blood.

Pallor and constant fatigue are signs of bleeding.

Causes of bright red menses

If you do not belong to crisis groups (adolescence and menopause) and notice that with the advent of menstruation, the discharge has changed its color, be careful. Bright red periods may indicate the presence of various diseases:

  1. The presence of inflammatory processes in the body. It can be a commonplace cold, and there can be serious dysfunctions.
  2. Monthly red color may be in the presence of gynecological diseases.
  3. If the cycle is regular, the bright monthly period ends within 3-7 days (the norm for menstruation) and you do not feel pain in the abdomen, then this may indicate a low level of hemoglobin in the blood, and a decrease in immunity.
  4. Menstrual secretion of red color is caused by hormonal disruption in the body. It can be caused by disorders in the endocrine system.
  5. Red discharge, similar to normal blood, can warn of the appearance of malignant tumors. The affected internal organs of the female reproductive system begin to bleed, the color of menstruation changes.

Normally, the shade of menstruation should be burgundy or dark red. The color of the secret may change during critical days. Red or brown discharge is acceptable on the first day. They may contain small amounts of clots and mucus. If the selection of bright scarlet or dark brown throughout the month, then it signals the functional changes in the body.

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What color of menstruation is the norm?

Normal blood is considered if it is maroon, brown, red with patches of mucus or clots - these are particles from the mucous walls in the uterus.

At the beginning of a woman's menstruation, there may be discharge of light color, bright red or scarlet.

The hue of the menstrual blood depends on the amount of iron in the body, so it is considered the norm that in the first two days of the onset of menstruation, light and fresh blood comes out.

It is also normal that the monthly scarlet, not as thick as in the final days. In recent days, along with the blood out dead particles of the endometrium, which has managed during this time to oxidize and curl.

Please note that the process of oxidation and thickening is mandatory, so if the monthly go for 4 days, and the shade of blood does not change, do not become brown and dark, this is a serious reason for excitement and going to the doctor.

Dark blood is normal for many women, red, pink and scarlet blood can also be considered common. The chemical composition of elements in the blood can affect its color, and they can change throughout life or a certain period.

A woman whose systematic and permanent menstrual cycle can immediately replace if the color of the discharge changes. If your menstrual blood is always light, not dark brown, then you should be alerted if it becomes with a strange orange tinge, pink or completely dark from the very beginning of menstruation. In this case, pay attention to the unusual shade or texture of the discharge.

It is dangerous, if you notice an unusual color and plus to this scanty and painful discharge, having noticed a combination of such symptoms, immediately call a doctor.

Uterine bleeding - how to recognize the danger?

If the blood is scarlet for several days, or even a week - this may be not menstruation at all, but uterine bleeding.

If uterine bleeding is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, and immediately. It requires diagnosis, taking special medications and treating the causes of the bleeding.

Pay attention to:

The discharge during menstruation has a peculiar smell, and uterine bleeding is almost odorless, the blood has a liquid consistency, flowing, without any mucus or clots.

The intensity of discharge is also important. For menstruation, up to 50 milliliters of blood is considered the norm, a maximum of 150 milliliters. Menstrual blood comes out in portions, you can notice an admixture of hard tissue and clots in it.

It is dangerous if the blood is scarlet, flowing in a continuous stream, the intensity of which is more than the norm - immediately sound the alarm and quickly see a doctor!

In just an hour, you can lose a lot of blood, fatigue will appear and you can faint. If the pad (tampon) gets wet in less than two hours, it should alert you.

Signs of blood loss when urgently needed to seek medical help:

  • you felt sleepy
  • severe weakness
  • unusual tiredness
  • the skin of the hands and face became pale,
  • you can not lead an everyday rhythm of life
  • get tired quickly
  • want to sleep, lie down,
  • feel dizzy.

Dear women, even if you have the least suspicion that you have uterine bleeding and symptoms are different from the usual menstruation, visit a doctor!

Scarlet color of menstruation - is it worth worrying?

Monthly started prematurely or later than they should? Is the blood scarlet, not too strong or, on the contrary, abundant?

Normally, normal menstrual flow should begin on time, have a darker shade. And at the end of menstruation, the blood stands out in a dark brown color. With menstruation, blood comes out with clots of detached endometrium.

If bright scarlet blood has appeared, there is a possibility that this is not menstruation at all, perhaps it is:

  • uterine bleeding,
  • infection,
  • failure in hormonal background.

Monthly scarlet color may indicate a failure in the hormonal background. In such a situation, you need to undergo an examination, make an ultrasound scan and visit a doctor.

This is not all the reasons for which the monthly may be scarlet.

Age category:

  • Such secretions are characteristic of girls in whom the menstrual cycle is just beginning to form.
  • The second group - women who are waiting for the start of menopause, and also if the menopause is already progressing. In this case, changes in color are affected by the processes occurring in the hormonal background.

Also consider the duration of menstruation, nature and intensity. For women of childbearing age, such symptoms are abnormal, and therefore may indicate that she has problems in the organs of the reproductive system.

Alert cause is scarlet blood, which may indicate a low level of hemoglobin containing in the blood. If you have had such changes for several months, then you need to have a blood test and consult a specialist.

Scarlet menstrual blood may also indicate the presence of:

  • gynecological diseases
  • failure in reproductive organs,
  • consequences after chronic infections,
  • inflammatory processes
  • bleeding
  • oncology symptoms
  • in rare cases, an ectopic pregnancy.

All causes can affect blood flow. And in all these cases, in no case can one make a diagnosis and self-medicate, urgently need to see a doctor and be examined.