Health

Climacteric syndrome

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  • How is menopausal syndrome manifested
  • Signs of the coming menopause
  • Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment, signs, manifestations

A feature of the female body is the reproductive system, which functions at a certain age. She starts working at the age of 10, and finishes by the 60th anniversary.
Climax - is the termination of childbearing.

The first sign of menopause is irregular or scanty menstruation, which eventually stops altogether.
Quite often, women complain of hot flashes - hot at first, then chills begin to beat them. There is engorgement of the mammary glands, often pain in the lower back and lower abdomen.
A woman may experience headaches, heart palpitations, drowsiness, inattention, depression, increased or decreased pressure, forgetfulness, or increased sweating.

Why may appear early menopause

Early menopause is a rare pathology in which menstruation stops before the age of 45 years.
The reasons for the termination of menstruation can be:
1. Chemotherapy, for cancer,
2. Ovaries removed
3. Radiotherapy
4. Female genital surgery
5. Infectious diseases.

Only a doctor can deal with menopause. He prescribes hormonal or non-hormonal therapy.
Sometimes, to prevent unpleasant symptoms, the doctor recommends that you often go for a walk before bedtime, do gymnastics, go for a massage or go to the pool.

Causes of menopausal syndrome

Symptoms occur on the background of the release into the blood of a large amount of thyroid hormones, luteinizing hormone and prolactin, as well as increased secretion of norepinephrine and dopamine. The release of a large amount of these hormones is associated with a violation of the inverse negative relationship (estrogen suppression of the secretion of the pituitary tropic hormones) due to a decrease in the level of estrogen in the blood.

Pathological manifestations of climacteric syndrome occur in 40-60% of women over 40 years of age. Most often, its first signs appear between the ages of 45 and 50 years old and are seasonal: due to seasonal changes in the hypothalamic structures of the brain, symptoms of menopausal syndrome most often appear in spring (February-March) or autumn (September-October) time.

Almost half of patients with climacteric syndrome suffer from it in a severe form (51%), in 33% of women it occurs in a moderate form, and only 16% experience its mild form.

The course of menopausal syndrome is the easier, the less the woman has concomitant somatic and neuropsychiatric diseases. Manifestations of climacteric syndrome very rarely disappear during the first year since their appearance (only in 18% of patients). In most cases, the disease continues for 1-5 years, and in 26% of women there is a longer course.

Diagnosis and severity

Climacteric syndrome can not be attributed only to gynecological diseases, because its manifestations affect not only sexual, but also the cardiovascular, nervous, excretory system, musculoskeletal system and general metabolism. Therefore, gynecologists, as a rule, have to deal with the correction of violations that occur in menopause, together with general practitioners.

All patients with climacteric syndrome should undergo a special examination, during which they assess the level of hormonal activity of the ovaries and determine the degree of metabolic disorders. The gynecologist on the totality of all the results selects the treatment.

Choosing the treatment tactics and the drug for hormone replacement therapy, it is necessary to take into account the oncological risk of these drugs, therefore, hormonal treatment can be prescribed only in cases when the examination did not reveal any pathology in the hormone-sensitive target organs.

What can be the reason for going to the doctor?

Any manifestations of menopausal syndrome, regardless of whether the patient considers them severe or insignificant, are a reason for contacting a specialist. After all, the disease can pose a serious threat to the life and health of women. It is not the symptoms themselves that are dangerous, but the irreversible changes they cause in the heart, brain, blood vessels, endocrine glands and many other organs. Therefore, the need and treatment regimen should determine the doctor.

Hormonal treatment requires only moderate and severe climacteric syndrome. Patients with mild form of prescribed non-hormonal means: homeopathic and herbal remedies. In addition, for all forms of the syndrome, restorative therapy, diet, physical therapy are prescribed. Only an integrated approach to the treatment and prevention of menopausal syndrome contributes to the speedy adaptation of the body to a new hormonal background.

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