The onset of menstruation is accompanied by specific symptoms that may have a physiological development, as well as indicate pathological disorders in the woman’s body. These signs appear by the end of the menstrual cycle when the uterus prepares for rejection of the endometrium. Precursors of menstruation have age features. Their nature also changes after delivery, surgery, and taking certain medications.
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The menstrual cycle is a period of changes in the female body that lasts from the first day of the previous menstruation to the first day of the subsequent one. Menstruation is called bleeding from the uterus, associated with the monthly rejection of the endometrium (inner layer of the uterus). Regulation of cyclic changes is carried out at the expense of female sex hormones: the state of not only the reproductive system, but the whole organism as a whole depends on the level of a substance. This is reflected in the well-being of women.
In the first phase (half) of the cycle, the hormone estrogen dominates. The woman feels well, is experiencing a rise in mood. Approximately in the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs, the egg leaves the ovary, the body begins to prepare for a possible pregnancy. During this period, hormone progesterone prevails. The body accumulates nutrients and water. Signs that indicate that menstruation will begin soon, are increasing in the luteal phase.
Phases of the menstrual cycle
If pregnancy does not occur, then gradually, by the end of the cycle, the level of all hormones decreases. The woman’s well-being is deteriorating, this can be understood by the following symptoms: a feeling of fatigue, rapid fatigability, irritability, chest can become painful. The uterus is preparing to tear off the endometrium, and even before the appearance of bleeding, women feel nagging pains in the lower abdomen. These rare spastic contractions of the uterus indicate that the cervix will soon open and discharge will occur.
The range of sensations experienced is very individual, but still there are some common precursors by which one can learn about the early beginning of menstruation.
In a healthy woman, the onset of menstruation should not be accompanied by severe malaise or pain. At the moment, almost all women have some signs of premenstrual syndrome.
- breast engorgement,
- lower abdominal pain,
- discomfort in the lower back,
- headache, dizziness,
- increased mucus discharge - the woman feels the discharge in the vagina, a feeling similar to that of the menstruation itself,
- frequent mood swings, irritability, apathy.
A sign of early onset of menstruation is the engorgement and tenderness of the mammary glands. This is due to the accumulation of fluid in them, swelling is formed by the type of edema. EIf the discomfort is strong and brings discomfort, you should consult a doctor to rule out pathology. The situation is similar with pain in the lower abdomen and lower back. If the feeling of being carried is easily tolerated, this is a variant of the norm, but if the pain is intolerable and requires taking painkillers, then this is a reason to go to a gynecologist.
Headache is predominantly oppressive, constricting, pulsating. Sometimes women do not associate it with the menstrual cycle. Sometimes it is enough to stabilize the hormones, and the pains go away on their own.
Mood changes are often overlooked. Meanwhile, unreasonable fatigue, fatigue, irritability can be precursors of menstruation, as a component of PMS (premenstrual syndrome).
How to find out when will begin monthly?
Every girl, getting married, dreams of numerous offspring, or at least one or two children. But now time passes, the dreams of motherhood have long been realized, I no longer want to give birth to anything more. And the woman begins to closely monitor her menstrual cycle in order to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Or another situation. Spouses live long ago, but no children. They go to the doctor, and he asks about the regularity of the menstrual cycle, when and how. And the woman did not sharpen the attention before, he walks and walks. And now the question arises before her, how to find out or calculate the day when the next menstrual periods begin. Let us and we take care of this issue, especially since the regular cycle is the most accurate indicator of women's health.
Why do you need menstruation?
Before we deal with the menstrual calendar, let's get acquainted with the process itself and understand why we need this knowledge. So, the monthly call bloody discharge from the vagina, occurring every month in case there was no pregnancy. A menstrual cycle is a period of time from the first day of one month to the first day of the next. Ideally, it lasts 28 days, but can vary from 25 to 36 days. This period is divided into three phases, and ovulation takes center stage - the release of a mature egg from the follicle. This event occurs, usually in the middle of a cycle at 14-16 days from the beginning of the menstrual period. It is at this time, the probability of becoming pregnant is maximum. Therefore, every woman and girl should know how to determine the day when the next menstruation begins, and monitor the accuracy of her menstrual calendar.
How to calculate when the monthly begin?
It is possible to calculate when the next periods begin, in several ways. The easiest of them will be by counting. Add to the number of the first day of the monthly 28-35 days, and you will get the exact date of the beginning of the next cycle. For example, the first day of menstruation fell on March 1. Let's add 28-36 days and get the result March 29 - April 4. But this method is good and accurate only if your monthly flow is like a clock, without failures and errors. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. In case of hormonal disorders, as well as during adolescence and before menopause, the cycle is confused and inaccurate. How to understand and calculate when to begin monthly in this case? There is a way out of this situation, and not one.
Ovulation will help to know when the next menstruation will begin, or rather the knowledge that it happened. As already mentioned above, this important event takes place approximately in the middle of the cycle. When the egg leaves the follicle, there is a sharp jump in the level of the female sex hormones estrogen. And the body's response to a hormonal surge is an instantaneous increase in the basal temperature by 0.5-0.7 degrees. And this increase is maintained until the very last day of the cycle or until the end of the pregnancy, if it comes. Each girl should be able to measure the basal temperature, as there is nothing complicated here. Get yourself a separate thermometer and keep it on the bedside table near the bed or under the pillow. Every evening, shake it well, and in the morning immediately after waking up, insert it into your anus and hold for 7-10 minutes. Then look at the readings of the thermometer and write them in a notebook specially made for this. The record should contain the date, the ordinal day of the cycle, and the reading of your basal temperature. Before ovulation, these figures are kept at 36.4-36.6 degrees, and on leaving the egg are equal to 37.1-37.5. From the day of ovulation on the calendar count 12-16 days.
It is the number that you get when calculating, and will indicate the day of the next month. See how simple it is.
And another additional factor is your own personal feelings. The so-called premenstrual syndrome. Someone a week before the beginning of menstruation increases the chest, the mood deteriorates, the lower abdomen aches a bit. And others are drowsy, have a headache and don't want to do anything. And the mass of all such sensations. Observe carefully your condition, and it will surely tell you how to know more precisely and understand when the next menstrual periods will begin. And in case of any doubt, do not be afraid to consult a doctor, because no one except your health will take care of you.
How to understand that menstruation will begin soon: the main signs
All of us are very often upset by such a sweet surprise, as the first day of menstruation. And there is just so much dear in her: why now. How to understand that the monthly will begin soon, so that there will be as few of such surprises in our calendar as possible. We will talk about the brightest and most reliable signs of the imminent start of critical days.
How to understand that menstruation will begin soon
More often, harbingers for every woman and girl are an individual concept and require a conscious approach. Listening to yourself and the reactions of your body, you can easily determine not only the approximate time interval, but also a specific day and even an hour. Changes in the mammary glands, the processes occurring in the uterus and in the ovaries will not be ignored if we understand what to expect and what will be the first bell. Usually, the beginning of the inevitable process falls on the period of the last phase of the menstrual cycle (MC), but sometimes it affects the entire second half.
Precursors of menstruation
To understand that menstruation will soon come is quite simple, knowing some of the characteristics of one’s own organism, and the strengthening of certain symptoms will help determine the time intervals.
- Swelling of the mammary glands - an increase in their size, engorgement, painful manifestations. Possible scarce discharge from the nipples, which are more often seen in the form of already curdling the secret.
- Pulling pain in the lower abdomen - the preparation of the uterus to reject its inner layer (endometrium) is often accompanied by pain, expressed to a greater or lesser extent, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism. Pain can be associated with hormonal disorders, therefore, require observation and consultation with a gynecologist.
- Skin rashes - not mandatory, but often a sign associated with hormonal changes.
- Low back pain - as a manifestation of changes in the uterus.
- Bowel emptying is a normal reaction of the body, in which the metabolism is not disturbed. During the period before menstruation, the body gets rid of everything superfluous, including the smooth muscles of the intestine. In some cases, the pain before menstruation is associated precisely with congestion of the intestine, and the discomfort disappears with its emptying.
There are also subjective precursors of menstruation. These include increased appetite, some have edema of the legs and face, many complain of a condition close to depression, and a general violation of moral stability or premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
The concept of premenstrual syndrome
Men deny it, women claim to experience its effect on themselves. The ICP, controversial in its existence, helps many women to find the answer to the question: “How to understand that the monthly will begin soon?”. Scientists who are engaged in the study of this issue, not only confirm its presence, but also are divided into several types. Signs that menstruation will begin soon:
- Neuropsychic appearance - accompanied by irritability, tearfulness, depressive states. Women experience weakness, then behave aggressively. An early change of symptoms is considered normal and does not apply to disorders of consciousness.
- Edematous appearance - manifested by swelling of the mammary glands, swelling of the arms, legs, face, abdominal distention, and general weakness of the body.
- Cephalgic appearance - women complain of increased headache, dizziness, bouts of nausea. With this type of PMS, signs of depression are more common, as well as complaints of ill health.
What happens to the ovaries before menstruation
Ovaries before menstruation undergo characteristic changes associated with MC. In the body of a healthy woman, they are unchanged and occur according to a certain scenario. Approximately in the middle of the cycle (13-16 days), the mature egg leaves the ovary, pre-forming a protrusion, which during ultrasound diagnostics looks like a functional cyst.
When the wall of the ovary bursts and the egg comes out of it, many women feel pain in the right or left ileal areas. At the site of the egg's release, a corpus luteum is formed, which produces the pregnancy hormone progesterone, which stimulates the endometrial thickening and makes it prepared for the attachment of a fertilized egg. If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum is destroyed, and the hormone is not sufficiently produced, which leads to rejection of the endometrium, and menstruation occurs.
Painful sensations in the ovaries during menstruation are considered pathological and require consultation.
Women for whom menstruation is not only monthly changes in the body, but also constant pain, need advice from an obstetrician-gynecologist. An important step will be not only the disappearance of pain, but also the determination of their causes. The most frequent method of normalizing the entire MC is the appointment of hormonal contraceptives. For those who want to get rid of the main symptoms, the use of oral antispasmodics (“No-spa”) or the local use of rectal suppositories with papaverine would be an ideal option.
Asymptomatic during the premenstrual period
For women whose premenstrual period has no clinical symptoms, and there are no signs that menstruation will begin soon, the only way out is to keep a calendar of critical days, a monthly observation of the duration of the menstrual cycle. Thus, the beginning of the month will be expected and will not bring inconvenience.
Now you know how to understand that your period will begin soon. Do not be ill, and let critical days become for you only a physiological process, and nothing more.
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Tip 1: How to find out when they begin their monthly
It is necessary to monitor the menstrual cycle from a young age, because it is the regularity of menstruation that is one of the main indicators of women's health. Many women do not know the exact date of the beginning of the cycle, although this knowledge will help, at least, to prevent an "unpleasant surprise" at the most inappropriate moment, the maximum - will allow you to protect yourself from unwanted pregnancy using the calendar method.
First of all, pay attention to premenstrual "beacons". These are signs by which one can determine the probability of menstruation in the near future. Your own feelings are your helpers: notice whether the mammary glands have increased, whether they have become more sensitive. At the same time, pulling pains in the abdomen may occur, the likelihood of a bad mood increases, as they say, without a cause. In some women, drowsiness, lethargy, and physical weakness are also harbingers of critical days. Watch for individual condition!
Another indicator - the selection. Pay attention to their presence in underwear. Ample white, yellowish or brownish discharge appears about a week before the start of menstruation.
To determine the date of the onset of menstruation, you can use the calendar. You should mark the first day of your period and add 28 days to it. Thus, you will receive an approximate day of the beginning of the next menstruation. Note: this method is effective only if the monthly pass regularly and without errors.
Another way is ovulation. It occurs in the middle of your cycle and represents the release of an egg from the follicle, as well as an increase in the amount of female hormones. The female body responds to such a hormonal explosion by increasing the temperature by about 0.5-0.7 degrees. So make friends with a thermometer and watch your condition. Please note: you need to use a thermometer in the morning, and you need to insert it into the anus and hold for about 10 minutes. Do not forget to record the observations, the notes must contain the date, the readings of the thermometer and the day of the month. Before the onset of ovulation, the thermometer reading will be equal to 36.4-36.6 degrees, after - it will increase to 37.1-37.5 degrees. From ovulation, you need to count from 12-16 calendar days.The number you enter when calculating will tell you the day of the month.